Quiz 156 – 10 Previous IAS Exam Questions with Explained Answers

Following are 10 IAS Exam Questions from geography asked by UPSC in Preliminary Examination  2009. Answers are explained in detail.

In which State is the Buddhist site Tabo Monastery located?
(a) Arunachal Pradesh
(b) Himachal Pradesh
(c) Sikkim
(d) Uttrakhand

Explanation
A monastery of international repute, Tabo has many temples within its premises. A visit to this monastery cannot be missed out while touring the State of Himachal Pradesh. The Tabo math is situated at the height of 3050 metres in Spiti valley of Himachal Pradesh.

Ans– (b)


Consider the following region
1. Eastern Himalayas
2. Eastern Mediterranean region
3. North- Western Australia
Which of the above is/are Biodiversity Hotspot(s)?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation
Eastern Himalayas is the Biodiversity Hotspot. Besides it. Mediterranean region and South-West Australia are also the Biodiversity Hotspots.

Ans– (b)


Which one among the following South Asian countries has the highest population density?
(a) India
(b) Pakistan
(c) Nepal
(d) Sri Lanka

Explanation
The highest population density among South Asia countries is in India. Density of South Asian Countries is as follows:

Country Density
(i)India 324 per sq km
(ii)Nepal 161 per sq km
(iii)Pakistan 183.3 per sq km
(iv)Sri Lanka 287.6 per sq km

India is the second country in the world after China to cross the one billion mark. It is now estimated that by 2050, India will most likely overtake China to become the most populous country on the earth with 17.2 population living here.

Ans– (a)


Consider the following pairs:

Famous place Country
1. Cannes France
2. Davos Denmark
3. Roland Garros the Netherlands

Which of the pair(s) given above is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation
The correct matching of pairs are as follows:

Famous place Country
1. Cannes France
2. Davos Switzerland
3. Roland Grros France

Ans– (a)


Which one of the following is the country’s administrative Capital/new federal administrative centre of Malaysia?
(a) Kota Bharu
(b) Kaula Terengganu
(c) Putrajaya
(d) Taiping

Explanation
Putrajaya is the new Administrative Centre if the federal Government of Malaysia taking the city away Kuala Lumpur, leaving Kuala Lumpur as the country’s financial and commercial capital.

Ans– c


Which among the following has the world’s largest reserves of Uranium?
(a) Australia
(b) Canada
(c) Russian Federation
(d) USA

Explanation
Canada has largest ie 25.2% of the world’s reserves of Uranium. The main ores of Uranium are Uranite and Pitchblede. Canada, the USA and South Africa are also major producer of Uranium in the world. In India, Uranium occurs at Bihar, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka etc.

Ans– (b)


Which one of the following planets has largest number of natural satellites or moons?
(a) Jupiter
(b) Mars
(c) Saturn
(d) Venus

Explanation
Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system. It is about eleven times largest than the earth. Its volume is one and half times the volume of all the planets combined together. The most conspicuous aspect about Jupiter is its Great Red Spot. It is also known as the giant planet because of its huge size. It has 16 satellites. Prominent among them are: Europe, Ganymede and Callisto. Ganymede is the largest satellite in out soler system. The total number of moon of different planets are as under:
Name of Planet – Total Moon
Mercury – 0
Venus – 0
Earth – 1
Mars – 2
Jupiter – 63
Saturn – 61
Uranus – 27
Neptune – 13
Pluto – 3

Ans– (a)


Consider the Following countries:
1. Australia
2. Namibia
3. Brazil
4. Chile
Through which of the above does the Tropic of Capricorn pass?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 2 1nd 3
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Explanation
Tropic of Capricorn passed through above mentioned all four countries. It is the line passes through 23.5 degree South of the earth.

Ans– (d)


In the structure of planets Earth, below the mantle, the core is mainly made up of which one of the following?
(a) Aluminium
(b) Chromium
(c) Iron
(d) Silicon

Explanation
The earth is made up of a number of concentric layers of material as in the bulb of an onion. The main layers are following:
(i) Crust—30 to 35 km in thickness.
(ii) Mantle—2900 km in thickness.
(iii) Outer core—21000 km of molten material.
(iv) Inner core—1370 km of solid mars.

Each layer has its own characteristics and chemical composition. Some 45000 million years ago, it was made up of molten rock material which cooled down and hardened. As a result, the heavier material sank towards the centre, while the less dense, lighter materials remained near the surface. The average thickness of the solid crust of the earth varies between 30 to 35 km. Below the crust is the mantle composed of several layers which is about 2900 km in thickness. It is shell of red-hot rocks composed of silicate materials, rich in magnesium and Iron. The mantle is partly fluid. The earth’s inner core is believed to be solid and is of a depth of about 1370 km. It is made up of Iron and Nickel which accounts for the earth’s magnetism

Ans– (c)


Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?
City River
(a) Berline Rhine
(b) London Thames
(c) New York Hudson
(d) Vienna Danube
Explanation
Important cities situated on the bank of various rivers are following:
City – River
(i) Berlin – Spree
(ii) London – Thames
(iii) New York – Hudson
(iv) Vienna – Danube
(v) Baghdad – Tigris
(vi) Bonn – Rhine
(vii) Cairo – Nile
(viii) Ottawa – Ottawa
(ix) Paris – Seine
(x) Rome – Tiber
(xi) Washington DC – Potomac.

Also, Read:

Quiz 164 Previous History Questions of IAS Exam

Quiz 311 Practice and Previous Years Questions

Quiz 309 Practice Paper and Previous Year Questions

7 COMMENTS

  1. In above density data’s of population are related to census 2001. Please provide above data’s in respect of census 2011.

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