Quiz 176 – Geography UPSC Questions

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Which one among the following rivers is the longest?

(a) Amazon

(b) Amur

(c) Congo

(d) Lena

Explanation:

The Amazon in South America, flowing into the South Atlantic Ocean is the largest river in the world. Though the Amazon River is 222 km shorter in length than the Nile, it is still consider the largest river. The Nile in Egypt, flowing from the Mediterranean Sea is the longest river in the world.

Ans- (a)


 

Dalbergia species is associated with which one of the following?

(a) Cashew nut

(b) Coffee

(c) Tea

(d) Rosewood

Explanation:

Dalbergia species is associated with Rosewood. It is vast group in which 100 to 600 species are found. Generally, small to medium size plants and herbs are found in Dalbergia. The plants and herbs of these species are found mostly in tropical region of North and South America, Africa, Madagascar and South Asia. The main plants of these species are Rosewood, Kingwood, Tulipwood etc. The smell of Rosewood is like Rose, so it is called Rosewood.

Ans- (d)


 

Consider the following statements:

  1. The annual range of temperature is greater in the Pacific Ocean than that in the Atlantic Ocean.
  2. The annual range of temperature is greater in the Northern Hemisphere than that in the Southern Hemisphere.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

Annual range of temperature means bigger the size of Ocean, lesser the annual range. That’s why, Atlantic Ocean records higher annual range of temperature than the Pacific Ocean because the size of Atlantic is smaller than that of Pacific. The average temperature of all the Ocean is 17.2 degree C (63 degree F). In Northern Hemisphere, temperature is 19.4 degree C (67 degree F) and in the Southern Hemisphere, temperature is 16.1 degree C (61 degree F).

Ans- (b)


 

Through which one of the following Straits, does a tunnel connect the United Kingdom and France?

(a) Davis Strait

(b) Denmark Strait

(c) Strait of Dover

(d) Strait of Gibraltar

Explanation:

Well-known straits in the world include the strait of Dover, between England and France, which connects the North Sea with the English Channel; the strait of Gibraltar, the only natural passage between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea; the Bosporus and Dardanelles, which connects the Mediterranean and the Black Sea; the Bering strait between Alaska and Siberia which connects the Pacific and Arctic Ocean; and the straits of Malacca, which lie between Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra and connects the Indian Ocean with South China Sea.

Ans-  (c)


 

Where is Copacabana Beach located?

(a) Buenos Aires

(b) Hawaiian Islands

(c) Rio de Janeiro

(d) Valletta

Explanation:

Copacabana Beach is one of the world’s most famous beaches. Located right in the heart of Rio-de-Janeiro (Brazil), it is also one of the most lively beaches in the world.

Ans- (c)


 

Which one of the following countries is planning to construct a rival to the Canal to link the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans?

(a) Colombia

(b) Costa Rica

(c) Guatemala

(d) Nicaragua

Explanation:

The Inter-Oceanic Nicaragua Canal is a proposed waterway that would connect the Caribbean Sea and therefore, the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean through Nicaragua in Central America. Such a canal would follow rivers up to Lake Nicaragua and then cut across the Isthmus of Rivas to reach the Pacific. The proposed project would redraw the map of the world trade by opening an east coast of North America, Europe and Brazil to large- scale sea traffic from Pacific Rim countries like China and South Korea.

Ans- (d)


 

Which one of the following cities does not have the same clock time as that of the three cities at any given instant?

(a) London (UK)

(b) Lisbon (Portugal)

(c) Accra (Ghana)

(d) Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)

Explanation:

London (UK), Lisbon (Portugal) and Accra (Ghana) are very close to Greenwich Meridian. So, their clock time are same. But Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) is situated on the eastern part of the Africa (Longitude = 38.74 E), so clock time of Addis Ababa id different. The Greenwich Meridian is the standard time of the world. The Greenwich Meridian at 0 degree longitude passes through Greenland sea and Norwegian sea, and the countries of the United Kingdom, France, Spain, Algeria, Mali, Burkina Faso and Ghana and then through the South Atlantic Ocean. In some countries with a large west-east extent, more than one time Zone may be necessary, eg; the USA and Canada both have five time zones; Australia has three; Russia has eleven. Places located on the same local time, place located on the same different meridian have unlike local times; times differing by four minutes for every degree of longitude. As the earth rotates from west to east, places in the east see the Sun first. Therefore (i) for each 1 degree of longitude towards the east, a time of four minutes has added, (ii) for each 1 degree of longitude towards the west, a time in India is the local time of a place at 82.5 degree E longitude near Allahabad. This meridian also divides approximately into half.

Ans- (d)


 

Assertion (A): There are no tea plantations in any African country.

Reason (R): Tea plants need fertile soil with high humus.

Codes:

(a) Both A and R individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R individually true but, R is not the correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true, but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true.

Explanation:

Major tea producing African countries are Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Kenya is the third largest producer of tea world and Kenya stands first in terms of exports. India stands first in production and fourth in exports. Other tea producing countries are China, Sri Lanka, Russia, Japan, Turkey, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Argentina and Uganda. Tea plants need deep, well-drained, hill slopes, fertile soils with high humus.

Ans- (d)


 

The Stillwell Road, built in 1940s, which was recently in news, connects which of the following?

(a) Agartala in India and Yangon in Myanmar via Bangladesh.

(b) Ledo in India and Kunming in China via Myanmar

(c) Kalimpong in India and Lhasa in Tibet via Bhutan

(d) Imphal in India and Bangkok in Thailand via Myanmar

Explanation:

The Stillwell Road connects Lado in India and Kunming in China via Myanmar. The road work starting from April, 1942 with a length of 1079 miles ie; about 1736 km was completed by October within record time of two and a half years. The road connected all important places between Ledo and Kunming.

Ans- (b)

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