Current Affairs – July 2019

Appointments of New Secretaries in Different Ministries.

  • The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi cleared appointments Four IAS officers in the different ministries with immediate effect.
  • Power Secretary Ajay Kumar Bhalla appointed officer on special duty in Ministry of Home Affairs and is all set to become the new Home Secretary.
  • IAS officer Anshu Prakash will now be the Secretary in Department of Telecommunications in the Ministry of Communications.
  • IAS officer Subhash Chandra Garg, who was Secretary in Department of Economic Affairs in Finance Ministry, will now be the Power Secretary.
  • Senior IAS officer Atanu Chakraborty has been appointed as Secretary in Department of Economic Affairs.

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Priti Patel is appointed as Britain’s 1st Indian-origin Home Secretary

  • Prime Minister of British Boris Johnson has appointed Priti Patel as the country Home Secretary.
  • She replaces Pakistani-origin Sajid Javid, who moves to the Treasury department as the first ethnic minority Chancellor of the Exchequer.
  • She became the first Indian-origin home secretary.
  • Ms Patel, an ardent Brexiteer was among the most vocal critics of Theresa May’s Brexit strategy.
  • The 47-year-old leader was first elected as a Conservative MP in 2010 and gained prominence in the then David Cameron led Tory government as his Indian Diaspora Champion.

Facebook slapped with 5 billion US Dollar fine for users’ privacy violation

  • US regulators formalized a record 5 billion USD fine on Facebook for violation of users’ privacy in the Cambridge Analytica data scandal involving 87 million users.
  • The penalty was the largest ever imposed on any company for violating consumer’s privacy according to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
  • It is one of the largest penalties ever assessed by the US government for any violation.

Govt approves the merger of National Institute of Miners’ Health with ICMR-NIOH

  • On 24 June 2019, the Union Cabinet has approved the merger of National Institute of Miner’s Health (NIMH) with ICMR – National Institute of Occupational Health.
  • This will beneficial for both institutes and it is another example of maximum governance and minimum government.
  • The Cabinet also approved the sale of 481.79 acres of land held by Fertilizers and Chemicals Travancore Limited (FACT) to the Government of Kerala and utilization of the sale proceeds by FACT.

India Ranked 52nd in Global Innovation Index-2019 (GII ranking)

  • India jumped five places in GII ranking from 57th last year to 52nd in 2019.
  • The GII rankings are published every year by the UN World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
  • This is the 12th edition of the GII rankings of 129 countries based on 80 indicators.
  • Switzerland retained its number-one position on the index.
  • The Top-10 Countries are- Switzerland, Sweden, the US, the Netherlands, the UK, Finland, Denmark, Singapore, Germany, and Israel.

Boris Johnson is ready to be new PM of UK

  • Boris Johnson is elected as the Conservative Party leader and Britain’s new Prime Minister.
  • Johnson, the former foreign secretary, secured 92,153 votes against 46,656 of his rival Jeremy Hunt.
  • He has promised to take the UK out of the European Union(EU) by October 31, 2019.
  • A number of Brexiteers, including Indian-origin MPs Priti Patel and Rishi Sunak, are expected to be part of his new team.

Andhra Pradesh becomes the first state to reserve 75% private jobs for local youths

  • Andhra Pradesh became the first state to reserve jobs for local youth in public-private partnership sector.
  • On Monday, Andhra Pradesh assembly passed a bill called ‘Andhra Pradesh Employment of Local Candidates in Industries/Factories Act, 2019’.
  • The act reserves 75 per cent jobs in industrial units, factories, joint ventures and projects set up under public-private partnership mode.
  • According to the new law, if a company does not find the necessary skills in locals, then it will need to train them in association with the state government.

Kumaraswamy’s government falls in Karnataka

  • On 23rd July, in Karnataka, the coalition government of JD(S) and Congress loses the trust vote.
  • BJP got 105 while JDS-Cong combine got 99 votes.
  • H.D.Kumarswamy gave his resignation to Governor Vajubhai Vala.

PM will visit Bhutan in August

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will go on a two-day official visit to Bhutan in August 2019.
  • The visit is important for the government to tie up with neighbourhood countries for its Neighbourhood First policy.
  • The two countries share a unique bilateral relationship, characterized by trust, goodwill, and mutual understanding.

Ajay Bhadoo appointed Joint Secretary to President

  • The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet approved the appointment of Ajay Bhadoo as Joint Secretary to President Ram Nath Kovind.
  • Badoo is a 1999 batch IAS officer, currently, he is municipal commissioner of Vadodara since July 2018 and is also the chairman of the Vadodara Urban Development Authority (VUDA).
  • He was awarded the Best Collector Award twice for outstanding performance in 2008 and 2010.

Carnatic Vocalist S. Sowmya to get Music Academy’s ‘Sangita Kalanidhi’

  • Carnatic vocalist S Sowmya has been chosen for the prestigious ‘Sangita Kalanidhi’ award this year by The Music Academy.
  • The 93rd annual conference of the Academy will be held between December 12, 2019, and January 1, 2020.
  • She is PhD-holder from Madras University and known for her intellectual approach to music.

Lt Gen MM Naravane: The next vice-chief of Army Staff

  • Lt Gen MM Naravane has been appointed as the next vice-chief of the Army staff.
  • He will take over after Lt Gen D Anbu who retires on August 31.
  • He is currently General Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Eastern Army Command.
  • Lt.Gen Naravane is the senior-most officer in the force after Army Chief General Bipin Rawat retires on December 30.

Chandrayaan-2 Successfully launched

  • India’s second lunar mission Chandrayaan-2 has been launched successfully today at 2:43 pm from Sriharikota.
  • After 16 minutes of launch Chandrayaan-2 placed into the designated highly elliptical orbit.
  • Now, Chandrayaan-2 will be navigated to the South Pole of the moon, which is an unexplored area till now.
  • The first soft-landing of Chandrayaan-2 is expected to be on 7th September.
  • India would become the fourth ever nation to have a soft-landing on the moon, once Chandrayaan-2 will successfully land on the moon.

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Ramnath Kovind changed the Governor of 6 states

  • President Ramnath Govind reappointed Governor of 6 states including UP, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Nagaland, West Bengal, Tripura
  • Anand Ben Patel appointed as Governor Uttar Pradesh. She was the Governor of Madhya Pradesh.
  • Lal Ji Tandon, Governor of Bihar is transferred and appointed as Governor of Madhya Pradesh.
  • Phagu Chauhan is appointed as Governor of Bihar.
  • RN Ravi is the new Governor of Nagaland.
  • Jagdeep Dhankhar appointed as Governor of West Bengal.
  • Ramesh Bais appointed as Governor of Tripura.
  • The appointments will take effect from the dates they assume charge of their respective offices.

Read the full list of Governor of Indian States here

Former BJP chief of Delhi Mange Ram Garg died at 82

  • Former Delhi BJP president Mange Ram Garg passed away at the age of 82 due to age-related issues.
  • Garg had joined BJP in 1958 and held several posts in the Delhi chapter of the party including its state president in 1977.

Sheila Dikshit passed away at the age of 81

  • On 20th July, Sheila Dikshit, Delhi’s longest-serving chief minister (for three-term) and a senior Congress leader, died at the age of 81.
  • Sheila Dixit was born on 31 March 1938.
  • She is longest-serving Cheif Minister for a period of 15 years from 1998 to 2013
  • She died due to cardiac arrest.
  • A few days ago, She was admitted to the Escorts Hospital in Delhi.

IFS officer Vivek Kumar appointed as Private Secretary to PM Narendra Modi

  • 2004 batch IFS (Indian Foreign Service) officer Vivek Kumar is appointed as Private Secretary to Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • The decision was taken by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet, headed by the Prime Minister.
  • He is currently working as the Director in the Prime Minister’s Office.

India and Sri Lanka sign agreement to upgrade 130 km long railway track

  • India and Sri Lanka on signed USD 91.26 million contracts to upgrade 130 kilometres railway track connecting Maho and Omanthai town in Sri Lanka.
  • This would be the first up-gradation of 130-kilometre railway line in over a century.
  • The agreement was signed under the Indian Concessional Financing Scheme between Government of Sri Lanka and IRCON International Limited and.

Chandrayaan-2 launch rescheduled on July 22

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has now rescheduled the launch of Chandrayaan-2 on 22nd July 2019 at 2:43 pm.
  • Chandrayaan-2 is India’s second lunar mission
  • In this mission, the rover Pragyan will make a soft landing on the moon.
  • Earlier, Chandrayaan-2 was scheduled to launch on 15th July but due to a technical snag, it was called off just one hour before the launch.

ICJ stayed the execution Kulbhushan Jadhav

  • On 17 July, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) directed Pakistan to review the conviction of Jadav’s case until then, his execution will stay.
  • The court also directed Pakistan to allow Jadhav’s consular access to India.
  • On 2017, Jadhav was sentenced to death by the Pakistani military court.
  • Jadhav is a retired Indian Navy officer and he was arrested by Pakistani security forces on 3rd March 2016.

Minister S Jaishankar will attend the meeting of BRICS Foreign Ministers in Brazil.

  • External Affairs Minister S.Jaishankar will be visiting Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on 25th July to participate in the stand-alone meeting of BRICS’ Foreign Ministers.
  • The 2-day meeting will start from 25 to 26 July 2019.
  • Ministers are expected to discuss amongst other issues, the preparation for the 11th BRICS Summit of the leaders to be held in Brasilia in November 2019.

Nelson Mandela International Day

  • Every Year 18th July is observed as Nelson Mandela International Day.
  • In November 2009, United Nation declared 18 July as Mandela Day.
  • This Day is celebrated in the honour of Nelson Mandela.
  • Nelson Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 and died on 5 December 2013.
  • He was a revolutionary leader and the first President of South Africa.
  • Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years during the struggle against the apartheid system of racial segregation established by the National Party’s white-only government.

The outbreak of Ebola in Congo declared a global health emergency

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the Ebola crisis in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • This creates a public health emergency of international concern.
  • This is the fifth such declaration in history and previously it was declared in West Africa for Ebola, the emergence of Zika in the Americas, the swine flu pandemic and polio.
  • 1,600 people have died since August in the second-deadliest Ebola outbreak in history

Hima Das clinched fourth gold in 15 days

  • Indian sprinter Hima Das clinched her fourth gold in a fortnight as she won the 200m race.
  • Hima has a 200m personal best of 23.10 seconds.
  • This was 19-year-old Hima’s fourth gold since July 2 when she ran her first competitive race in Europe.

The China-gifted warship to Sri Lanka

  • The 2,300-tonne type 053 frigate warship was decommissioned by the PLA Navy in 2015.
  • The warship has now been gifted to the Lankan Navy.
  • China’s rolling-stock manufacturer has also announced that it would deliver nine “new type” of diesel trains to Sri Lanka.

New Governor of Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat

  • Kalraj Mishra appointed as the Governor of Himachal Pradesh by the President Ram Nath Kovind.
  • Acharya Devvrat has been appointed as the Governor of Gujarat (earlier governor of Himachal Pradesh).

1.28 Lakhs Gram Panchayats linked with optical fibre under Bharat Net

  • Union Panchayat Raj Minister Narendra Singha Tomar informed that over one lakh 28 thousand Gram Panchayats linked with optical fibre under Bharat Net programme.
  • Over two lakh 19 thousand Gram Panchayats have uploaded their Development plan and the details of 16 lakh work taken up by them are on the website ensuring transparency.

International court imposes a penalty on Pakistan

  • International Arbitration Court has imposed $5.97 billion dollars penalty on Pakistan.
  • The penalty unlawful denial of a mining lease to a company called Tethyan Copper Company for Reko Diqtown (in Balochistan) project in 2011.
  • The Company had approached the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) in 2012 after the Balochistan government declined its lease the request.
  • ICSID is established in 1966 parent organisation is World Bank.

World Youth Skills Day-2019(WYSD2019)

  • Every year, July 15 is observed as World Youth Skills Day.
  • This day is marked to promote youth skills development and abilities and also to raise awareness about the importance of youth skills development.
  • In November 2014, United Nation General Assembly declared 15 July as WYSD
  • The theme for World Youth Skills Day-2019 is ‘Learning to learn for life and work’.
  • National Skill Development Corporation has collaborated with Tiktok to celebrate this day by launching a campaign ‘Skills4All’.

England: New Cricket Champion

  • England lifted his first ICC World Cup cricket trophy at lords.
  • England beat New Zealand in a breathtaking final that was moved the match to draw super over.
  • The winner of the match was decided on the basis of most boundaries scored by the team.
  • India won the world cup 2 times (in 1983 and 2011) and hosted the world cup 3 times (in 1987,1996, and 2011).
  • India will host the next ICC World Cup-2023.

Novak Djokovic Won Wimbledon Title

  • Serbian Novak Djokovic won his fifth Wimbledon title.
  • Djokovic won after defeating Swiss Roger Federer by 7-6, 1-6, 7-6, 4-6, 13-12.
  • Match had decided in the fifth set, as both won two sets each in the longest ever final to be played.
  • In the women’s final Simona Halep win as she beat Serena Williams in straight sets in her first Wimbledon final.

Golden Jubilee of International Film Festival of India.

  • The Golden Jubilee Edition International Film Festival of India (IFFI) is scheduled to hold in Panaji, Goa from 20-28 November 2019.
  • John Bailey President of Oscar Academy has been invited for the events.

271mn people are out of poverty line in India between 2006 to 2016.

  • On Thursday, UN released a report called The 2019 global Multidimensional Poverty Index.
  • According to this report, in India 271mn people are out of the poverty in the duration of 10 years from 2006 to 2016.
  • India recorded the fastest reduction in the multidimensional poverty index values in this period.

Meghalaya: 1st state to ensure water conservation

  • Meghalaya became the first state in India to ensure the conservation of the water and have own state water policy.
  • On 12 July, the draft policy was approved by the state cabinet in the meeting.
  • The main aim is to ensuring the protection and conservation of water resources to prevent degradation of the quantity and quality of the water.
  • This policy helps to recognize water resources as a common pool resource for providing safe and hygienic water for drinking.

Anshula Kant appointed as MD and CFO of World Bank

  • Managing Director(MD) of State Bank of India, Anshula Kant appointed as MD and Chief Financial Officer of the World Bank.
  • Kant is a graduate in Economic Honours from Lady Shri Ram College for Women and a Post-Graduate in Economics from Delhi School of Economics.
  • Her work will include oversight of financial reporting and risk management.

Retail inflation increased to 3.18% in June

  • According to the Consumer Price Index (CPI), the retail inflation increased to 3.18% in June this year over the previous month.
  • This Consumer Price Index (CPI)  released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation data.
  • In the month of May, Inflation was stood at 3.05%. 
  • Inflation in protein-rich food items, like egg, meat and fish, was higher in June. However, the rate of price rise in vegetables and fruits was slower.
  • Last year in June, retail inflation stood at 4.92%.

Hayabusa2 spacecraft makes the 2nd touchdown on asteroid Ryugu

  • On 11th July, the Japanese spacecraft Hayabusa2 made his successful touchdown on an asteroid known as Ryugu.
  • The spacecraft has made his touchdown o the asteroid, which is about 300 million kilometres away from Earth.
  • This mission was started with intended to collect the sample of material which is present on the surface of the asteroid.
  • The collected material could provide insights into what solar system was like at its birth.
  • In 2010 Hayabusa was made his first ever touchdown on a smaller asteroid (than Ryugu) returned with dust samples.
  • In December 2014, Hayabusa2 spacecraft was launched and scheduled to return to Earth in 2020.
  • The cost of this project is around $270 million.

World Population Day (WPD)

  • 11th July is observed as World Population Day every year. In 1989, the Governing Council of UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) was established this day as World Population Day.
  • 11th July was selected as WPD because back on this day in 1987, the world’s population reached 5 billion people.
  • The aim is to Shift global attention toward urgency and significance of issues related to population.
  • 10 Most Populous Countries in the World- 1.China (1.4 billion) 2.India(1.3 billion) 3. United States (329 million) 4. Indonesia (269 million) 5.Brazil (212 million) 6. Pakistan (204 million) 7. Nigeria (200 million) 8. Bangladesh (168 million) 9. Russia (143 million) 10. Mexico (132 million)

UAE Foreign Minister to visit India.

  • On Sunday night, UAE Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan arrived in New Delhi on a three-day visit to India.
  • Yesterday, the visiting dignitary held talks with External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar.
  • Today, he will meet with PM Narendra Modi in New Delhi.

IAF got two new heavy-lift Chinook helicopters

  • The two new heavy-lift Chinook helicopters for the Indian Air Force arrived at the Mundra port in Gujarat.
  • 15 Chinooks were ordered by IAF and the first four helicopters arrived in February.
  • The order was placed in 2015 along with 22 Apache attack helicopters.
  • CH-47 Chinook is the advanced multi-mission helicopter will provide the armed forces unmatched strategic airlift capability and has unsurpassed ability to deliver heavy payloads to high altitudes.

3% tax on online giants in France

  • Lawmakers in France approved a small tax of 3% on online giants like Google, Amazon, and Facebook. 
  • The French government hopes that other countries will follow the suit. The bill foresees a 3 per cent tax on the French revenues of digital companies with global revenue of more than 750 million Euros.
  • At present, the companies pay nearly no tax in countries where they have large sales like France.
  • The lower house of parliament approved this bill and it will be sent to the Senate next week, where it is expected to get final approval.

United States won FIFA Women’s World Cup

  • The United States won the Women’s World Cup-2019 title by defeating the Netherlands from 2-0.
  • It was the eighth edition of the FIFA Women’s World Cup.
  • It was started from between 7 June to 7 July 2019 in the nine cities of France.
  • This is the fourth time when the United States wins the World Cup.
  • Before the 2019 triumph, United States won the title in 1991, 1999 and 2015.

Walled City of Jaipur added to the UNESCO World Heritage Site List

  • The Walled City of Jaipur, known for its architectural and culture is now added to UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) World Heritage Site list.
  • This decision was taken at the 43rd session of UNESCO
  • It is India’s first planned city founded by Sawai Jai Singh II in 1727 and is only the second Indian city to feature on the prestigious list.
  • Jaipur is the capital city of Rajasthan.

DRDO successful test-fired Nag missile

  • DRDO fired successful three tests of the Nag missiles in the Pokhran ring ranges.
  • The trial of missile was tested both during day and night at Pokhram.
  • It is a third generation anti-tank guided missile.
  • The Defence Acquisition Council in 2018 approved the procurement of DRDO’s designed and developed NAG Missile System (NAMIS).
  • The system includes a third generation Anti-Tank Guided Missile, the NAG, along with the NAMICA.

UP had maximum senior citizens followed by Maharatsra

  • On Wednesday, Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment Rattan Lal Kataria reply in written for Rajya Sabha.
  •  There are over 10.38 crore senior citizens in the country.
  • Uttar Pradesh accounts for more than 1 crore 54 lakh.
  • Followed by Maharashtra with 1 crore 11 lakh.

Singapore and Japan are top in the World’s most powerful passport rankings

  • Japan and Singapore have ranked on top in the latest Henley Passport Index 2019.
  • India stands at 86th position in this index with Mauritiana and Sao Tome and Principe.
  • South Korea was previously shared first place with Singapore and Japan.
  • The index includes 199 passports and 227 travel destinations including micro-states and territories.

6 July :International Day of Cooperatives

  • The International Day of Cooperatives is observing on the first Saturday of July every year since 1923.
  • This day organised in the celebration of the cooperative movement.
  • The aim is to spread and increase awareness of cooperatives.
  • The theme of this year is ‘COOPS 4 DECENT WORK’.

Kargil tribute song released

  • As India will celebrate the 20th anniversary of Kargil Vijay Diwas on 26th July, the army released a  Kargil Tribute song to honour, salute and pay homage to the Kargil martyrs and war veterans.
  • The song was released on the 5th July in a ceremony organised at Manekshaw Centre, New Delhi.

Bonalu festival kicks off at Golconda Fort

  • The Bonalu festival kicked off at the Jagadamba temple atop the historical Golconda fort of Hyderabad.
  • It is celebrated in the first month of the monsoon season every year.
  • It is an annual festival of Telangana celebrated in Twin Cities Hyderabad, Secunderabad and other parts of Telangana.

Highlights of Bugdet-2019

  • Custom duty on Gold and silver imported by a passenger as baggage will be increased from 10 to 12.5 per cent
  •  Special additional excise duty on petrol and diesel has also been increased by one rupee per litre.
  • The interest deduction is proposed to be enhanced up to 3.5 lakh rupees for the purchase of a house. Existing interest deduction is up to two lakh rupees.
  •  350 crore rupees have been allocated for 2019-20 for the interest of subvention scheme for MSMEs.
  • The government will increase the threshold for applicability of lower corporate tax rate of 25 per cent from 250 crores to 400 crore rupees.

Azim Premji will be honour with 2019 Global Excellence Awards

  • US-India Strategic Partnership Forum (USISPF) has decided to honour Wipro Chairman Azim Premji with 2019 Global Excellence Awards along with CEO and President of MasterCard Ajay Banga.
  • They will receive the award on 11th July at USISPF’s 2nd Annual Summit held in Washington, US.
  • This Award was given to Azim Premji and Ajay Banga for their magnificent contribution towards strengthening economic ties between India and USA
  • US-India Strategic Partnership Forum was established in 2017 with the objective of strengthening US-India bilateral and strategic partnership.

India International Cooperative Trade Fair 2019 (IICTF):

  • The 1st ever India International Cooperative Trade Fair 2019 are scheduled to be held on 11th to 13th October at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi.
  • The objective of this fair is to cooperatives so that direct benefits to farmers, artisans, women, and people coming from SC/ST communities.

Indo-French Joint Air Exercise ‘Garuda-VI’

  • The Indian Air Force (IAF) and French Air Force (Armée de l’Air) are participating in a bilateral air exercise ‘Garuda VI’ at Mont de Marsan in France, started from 1st July to 12th July.
  • The previous exercise was held in the month of June at Air Force Station, Jodhpur.
  • The Indian Air Force (IAF) contingent comprises of 120 air-warriors and four Sukhoi 30 MKI along with an IL-78 flight refuelling aircraft.
  • French Air Force units will comprise the likes of Rafale, Alpha Jet, Mirage 2000, C135, E3F, C130, and Casa.

Jagannath Rath Yatra begins

  • The famous Jagannath Rath Yatra began at Puri in Odisha today.
  • millions of people are gathering in Puri to witness Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra and Devi Subhadra riding three giant wooden chariots as they travel to Gundicha temple.
  • Jagannath Rath Yatra also called Chariot Festival.

MTNL Chairman P.K.Purwar To Assume Additional Charge As BSNL CMD

  • The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) has appointed MTNL Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) P K Purwar as the CMD of Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL) for three months starting on 1st, July.
  • He will replace Anupam Shrivastava as the CMD of BSNL after the retirement on 30 June.

Odisha will host The 21st Commonwealth Table Tennis Championship

  • Odisha Government will host the 21st Commonwealth Table Tennis Championship at the Jawaharlal Indoor Stadium in Cuttack.
  • This championship is starting from 17 to 22 July.
  • on Monday, Odisha government signed an MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) with Table Tennis Federation of India (TTFI) to host the Commonwealth Table Tennis Championship.
  • In this tournament, 14 associations will participate consisting India, Australia, Bangladesh, England, Cyprus, Singapore, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Scotland, Wales, Jersey, South Africa, Nigeria, Pakistan.

India signs ₹200 crore anti-tank missile deal  with Russia

  • India has signed a ₹200 crore deal to buy an anti-tank missile from ‘Strum Ataka’ Russia for its fleet of Mi-35 attack choppers.
  • The Mi-35s are the existing attack choppers of the Indian Air Force which will replace with the Apache gunships being acquired from the US in the next month.

Indian boxer Vaibhav Yadav wins WBC Asia silver welterweight champion.

  • Indian pro boxer Vaibhav Yadav became the World Boxing Council (WBC) Asia silver welterweight champion.
  • He won after defeating Thailand’s Fahpetch Singmanassak in the title held in Pattaya, Thailand.
  • He is a cousin of Vikas Krishan, a Commonwealth Games gold medallist.

Karnam Sekar: New head of Indian Overseas Bank.

  • Karnam Sekar has got an immediate charge as Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of Indian Overseas Bank (IOB) from July 1.
  • Earlier, he was MD & CEO of Dena Bank.
  • He also headed SBI as Manager-Treasury in Johannesburg, South Africa.
  • He began his career in State Bank of India as a probationary officer.

N.S. Vishwanathan is reappointed RBI deputy governor for one year

  • The Appointments Committee of Cabinet has extended the term of Vishwanathan as RBI deputy governor for one year, starts from 4 July.
  • His tenure will be ended on 3 July.
  • Vishwanathan is in charge of regulation of banks, non-banking finance companies, and cooperative banks.

National Doctor’s Day

  • 01st July is observed as National Doctor’s Day in India.
  • This day is celebrated in India honour the great physician and second Chief Minister of West Bengal, Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy. He was born and died on the same day, 1st July(1882-1962).
  • This day is also observed to give tribute to the doctors of the India.
  • The Theme of 2019 is “Zero tolerance to violence against doctors and clinical establishment”.

Abu Dhabi is hosting the first ISALEX-19

  • Abu Dhabi (UAE) is hosting first International Security Alliance (ISA)Joint security exercise ISALEX-19 starting from 1 July 2019.
  • 50 law enforcement agencies’ representatives are taking part in the ISALEX19.
  • The International Security Alliance, launched in 2017 in Abu Dhabi, is an international working group to confront organised, transnational and extremist crimes.
  • Nine countries who are taking part in security exercise are United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Morocco, France, Italy, Spain, Senegal, Singapore, and the Slovak Republic.

Qu Dongyu: New Director General of the U.N. food and Agriculture Organisation.

  • On Sunday, Qu Dongyu was elected as the new director general of the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization
  • China’s deputy agricultural minister, Qu Dongyu is the first person from a Communist country to hold the position.
  • In Rome, 194 member countries of the agency convened at the FAO headquarters to choose Mr. Dongyu.
  • Earlier José Graziano da Silva of Brazil was the director general of FAO for the 2 term

International World Asteroid Day

  • Every year 30th June is observed as the International Asteroid Day.
  • It is celebrated in order to raise public awareness about the hazardous impacts of the asteroids.
  • This day is organised in the commemoration of an asteroid impact on Tunguska in Siberia, Russia on 30th June 1908 (Tunguska event).

NASA announces ‘Dragonfly’ mission to explore Titan in 2026

  • The US space agency NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) has announced to launch a spacecraft to explore Saturn’s moon Titan.
  • Titan is the second largest moon in the solar system and its atmosphere is four times denser than Earth’s atmosphere.
  • Dragonfly is the rotorcraft that will launch in 2026 and landed on Titan in 2034.
  • It is the first multi-rotor vehicle that will fly on any celestial body (except earth).

Mark Tully awarded with the Life Time Achievement Award

  • Mark Tully was awarded the Life Time Achievement Award in the annual UK-India Awards in London.
  • 83-year old Tully was conferred with Padma Bhushan in 2005.
  • Tully got this award because of his contribution to strengthening UK-India relationship.
  • He is the former Bureau Chief of BBC in New Delhi.
  • While Oyo rooms awarded with Market Entrant of the Year and Indian actor Kunal Nayyar (Big Bang Theory’s Rajesh Koorthappali) got global Indian Icon of the Year award.

International Day of the Tropics

  • 29th June is observed as International Day of the Tropics across the world.
  • The aim is to acknowledge the diversity and potential of the Earth and to raise awareness of the specific challenges faced by tropical areas.
  • The theme of 2019 is ‘We Are the Tropics’.
  • In2016, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution which declared 29th June as International Day of the Tropics Day.

Statistics Day

  • Statistics Day is observed on 29th June every year.
  • The Aim is to popularise the use of statistics and sensitise the public as to how Statics helps in Shaping and framing Policies.
  • The theme of Statistics Day 2019 is “Sustainable Development Goal”.

Mumbai: India’s most expensive city

  • Mumbai became India’s most expensive city to live among the costliest cities, according to Mercer’s 25th Annual Cost of Living Survey.
  • Mumbai fell 12 spots and is ranked at the 67th position out of 209 cities.
  • Hong Kong is the World’s expensive city (for the second consecutive year) followed by Tokyo, Singapore and Seoul.

North East India Conclave 2019 in Meghalaya

  • On 29th June, The North East Conclave 2019 on ‘Transforming North East India through Science and Technology’, stared in Meghalaya
  • This two-day conclave has been organised by the Institute of Bio-resources and Sustainable Development (IBSD).
  • This conclave is held to discuss for the transformation North East India through Science and Technology.

FSSAI mandate visible labelling of label high fat, sugar and salt on packaged foods in red

  • The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) mandate to the packaged food companies to label high fat, sugar and salt contents in red colour on the package.
  • The food labels will also declare, per serve percentage contribution to RDA (recommended dietary allowance) on the pack.
  • This decision is taken due to rising rates of obesity and diabetes. Currently, Harsh Vardhan is the Minister of Health and Family Welfare.

Nuclear-capable missile Prithvi-II successfully test-fired

  • On 28th June, India is successfully test-fired the nuclear-capable missile Prithvi-II in Odisha at Chandipur.
  • Prithvi-II is the liquid propulsion twin engines, surface-to-surface missile with the range of 350 km.
  • This missile is capable of carrying 500 to 1000 kg warheads.

Virat Kohli became the fastest cricketer to score 20,000 international runs

  • Indian Cricket team captain Virat Kohli became the fastest cricketer to score 20,000 international runs in 416th innings.
  • The previous record was of Sachin Tendulkar and Brian Lara who scores 20,000 runs in 453 innings.

People with more than two kids cannot contest panchayat polls Uttarakhand panchayat polls

  • On 26th June, Uttarakhand Assembly passed Panchayati Raj (Amendment) Bill, 2019.
  • This bill states that person with more than two children cannot contest panchayat polls
  • It is also mandatory for candidates to have passed class 10.
  • Minimum education qualification for SC/ST male candidates is class eight, whereas SC/ST women need to pass only class five to be eligible to contest in rural polls.

PM Modi visit Japan attend G20 Osaka Summit

  • On 27 June, Prime Minister Narendra Modi visit Osaka Japan, to attend the G20 Summit.
  • It is the first time for Japan to host the G20 summit which starts from June 28 to 29.
  • The theme of the Osaka summit is ‘Human-centred future society’.
  • Suresh Prabhu is the Sherpa for G20 Summit.
  • Sherpa is the personal representative of a head of state or government who prepares for an international summit.
  • This summit is important for India towards hosting the next G-20 Summit in 2022.


  • 27th June is observed as MSME (Micro, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises) day.
  • The objective of this day is to raise awareness of the need for greater investment into small and mid-sized businesses in developing countries. It also celebrates for the contribution of smaller companies.
  • The theme for 2019 is “Big Money For Small Business”.
  • In 2017, The UN General Assembly declared 27th June as MSME Day.

2.22cr were given Digital Education under PMGDISHA

  • Electronics and Information Technology Minister Mr Ravi Shankar Prasad has said that around 2.22 crore villagers are given Digital Education under Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA).
  • This is the scheme to make 6 crores person in rural areas, across the country, digital literate.
  • The objective is to make one person in every family digitally literate.

Telangana hosting ISTA Congress

  • Telangana is hosting the 32nd International Seed Testing Association (ISTA) Congress in Hyderabad.
  • ISTA Congress is being held in India for the first time.
  • This conference was started from 26th June to 3rd July.
  • More than 80 countries are participating in the conference to discuss on seed production and policies.
  • In 1924, ISTA was formed during 4th International Seed Testing Congress held in Cambridge.

Amitabh Kant gets a two-year extension as Niti Aayog CEO

  • Amitabh Kant was given a two-year extension as Chief Executive Officer of NITI Aayog.
  • The Appointments Committee approved the extension of The Chief Executive Officer of NITI Aayog Mr Amitabh Kant.
  • Extension of his tenure for further two years after his period ends (June 30, 2019) up to June 30, 2021, on the same terms and conditions.
  • The National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog is established to replace the Planning Commission, with the aim to achieve sustainable development and encourage involvement and participation in the economic policy-making process, with an emphasis towards making the country cooperative federalism.
  • Its Chairman is Narendra Modi and Vice Chairman is Rajiv Kumar (retired IAS officer).

International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 

  • The International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking is observed on 26 June every year.
  • On 1988, the General Assembly decided to observe 26 June as the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking.
  • The aims to raise awareness of the major problem that illicit drugs represent to society.
  • This day is observed by the United Nations against drug abuse and the illegal drug trade.
  • The theme of this year is ‘Health for Justice, Justice for Health’.

World Bank approves loan of 147 Million dollar to Jharkhand

  • On 25th June, World Bank signed a $147 Million Loan Agreement with the Government of India and the Government of Jharkhand.
  • This agreement has been signed to provide basic urban services o the people of Jharkhand and help improve the management capacity of the urban local bodies in the State.
  • It will invest in urban services such as water supply, sewerage, drainage, and urban roads; and strengthen the capacity of the Jharkhand Urban.
  • The Jharkhand Urban Infrastructure Development Company (JUIDCO) as well as ULBs to carry out reforms in the areas of urban finance and governance.

Universal Smart Card Driving Licenses to be launched in India

  • Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has decided to modify the format of driving licenses to smart card type driving licences.
  • Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari said in a written, that his Ministry has prescribed a common standard format and design of the Driving Licence for the whole of the country.
  • Its app SARATHI has a common countrywide database of all driving license holders (almost 15 crores).
  • App has the feature to identify duplicate records.

Indian women’s hockey team wins FIH Series finals

  • Indian women’s hockey team beat Asian Games champions Japan in the summit clash of the FIH Series Finals in Hiroshima.
  • Indian women’s hockey team loses Japan by 3-1.
  • Recently, Indian men had won the FIH Series Finals in Bhubaneswar.
  • Captain Rani Rampal was declared player of the tournament.

Viral Acharya, RBI Deputy Governor resigns 6 months before term ends

  • Deputy Governor of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Viral Acharya resigned 6 months before his term end.
  • He got his post on 20 January 2017.
  • His tenure was to end on January 20, 2020.
  • He is youngest deputy governor the central bank.
  • In December last year, Urjit Patel had also resigned the post of RBI governor.

Rachna Khaira wins RedInk Award

  • The Tribune News Service journalist Rachna Khaira has won a prestigious RedInk Award ‘Journalist of the Year’.
  • She got this award for her expose during 2018 on the functioning of the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) and it’s Aadhaar data cache.
  • Investigation of Rachna Khaira confirmed that personal data of Indian citizens were at risk of being hacked and traded for a price.
  • Her investigation helped to raise serious doubts over government claims over Aadhaar.
  • She is currently working for The Huffington Post.

Pranati Nayak wins Bronze in Asian Artistic Gymnastic Championship

  • In Mongolia, Pragati Nayak secure bronze medal at Asian Artistic Gymnastic Championship.
  • On Friday, She scores 13.384 and won bronze medal whereas China’s Linmin and Japan’s Sakaguchi won gold and silver with the score of 14.350 and 13.584 respectively.
  • 23-year-old Pragati is from West Bengal.

Saudi Arabia got FATF membership

  • Saudi Arabia becomes 1st Arab country who gets full membership of the Financial Force Action Force Task(FATF).
  • FATF is an inter-governmental body with the purpose of the development and promotion of policies at both national and international levels to combat money laundering, terrorist financing and other threat.
  • FATF was established in 1989.

UK magazine tag PM Narendra Modi as Worlds Most Powerful Person

  • UK magazine, British Herald has been declared PM Narendra Modi as the winner of a reader’s poll for world’s most powerful person 2019.
  • The winner name was decided after the poll which was closed on Saturday midnight.
  • PM Modi got 30.9% of the vote whereas Vlamidir Putin, Donald Trump, and Xi Jinping with 29.9%, 21.9%, and 18.1% of the votes respectively.

Kolhapuri chappal gets GI tag

  • Kolhapuri chappal (Footwear) had got Geographical Indications (GI) by the controller general of patents, designs and trademarks (CGPDTM).
  • The Tag has granted to the district Sangli, Solapur, Satara, and Kolhapur of Maharashtra and district Belgaum, Bagalkot Dharwad, and Bijapur of Karnataka.
  • Due to this tag, no Kolhapuri chappal was produced except in these 8 districts will qualify to carry a tag of being Kolhapuris.
  • GI is a name or sign used on certain products which correspond to a specific geographical location or origin.
  • In 2004, Darjeeling tea was first GI tagged a product in India till now 321 product added in the list.
  • This GI tag is valid up to 10 years which where Further renewed.

International Olympic Day

  • 23rd June is observed as International Olympic Day.
  • This day is celebrated to promote participation in different sports throughout the world without any discrimination of the gender, age and athletic ability.
  • The first Olympic Day was observed in 1948.
  • The theme of this year is “Move, learn and discover”.

Nitesh Kumar Jangir won Innovation Award

  • Nitesh Kumar Jangir has won The 2019 Commonwealth Secretary-General’s Innovation for Sustainable Development Award.
  • He received his award in London during the event of the 70th anniversary of the Commonwealth.
  • He got the award along with 14 other innovators across the 53 member-countries of the Commonwealth.
  • He is an electronics engineer and co-founder of Bangalore-based medical device making company Coeo Labs.
  • He won the award for his device called Saans, a breathing support device to tackle avoidable deaths of babies from respiratory distress.
  • It is the world’s first neonatal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) device.
  • Patricia Scotland is the present (from 2016) Secretary-General of Commonwealth.

Meghalaya proposed a third presidential retreat

  • Presidential Retreat: Apart from the Rashtrapati Bhavan, President of India stays at two more places one in The Retreat Building Shimla and another in Rashtrapati Nilayam Hyderabad.
  • Recently Meghalaya has proposed the union government for a third presidential retreat at Shillong.
  • Current two Presidential Retreat in north and south symbolises the unity of our country.

Solanum plastisexum – Australia’s sex-changing tomato

  • Australian scientists have discovered a native variety of tomato which is capable of changing the reproductive function of its flower from male to female or vice versa.
  • In plant kingdom having both the reproductive functions in the same flower is not new, such plants are known as hermaphrodites. 85% of the plant species that have flowers are bisexual. But this case is entirely new.
  • Related Fact: Among animals, all-female lizard species whose eggs have all the genetic material needed to reproduce, and clownfish, which are born male and can transform into females later in life.

Southwest Monsoon reaches Bihar, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh

  • The Monsoon entered Bihar through Purnea and it also hit Odisha covering all the coastal districts yesterday.
  • The meteorological department said that both the states will experience rainfall in the next two to three days.
  • The southwest monsoon also entered Andhra Pradesh and covered some parts of Telangana with light rainfall.
  • In Andhra Pradesh monsoon spread to most parts of the state and the remaining parts will be covered in the next two day.
  • It will take another 72 hours to reach the eastern parts of the Uttar Pradesh.
  • In other parts, clouds provided a much-needed respite from the scorching heat.

PM will attend 14th G20 Summit in Osaka.

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will attend the 14th G20 Summit in Osaka, Japan on 28th and 29th June.
  • More than 20 countries will be participating in the G20 Summit.
  • Food security, energy security, financial stability, terrorism-related issues, Innovation in the digital economy and artificial intelligence will be discussed in this summit.
  • The theme of this summit is “Human-centred future society”.
  • Informal meeting of the BRICS leaders and bilateral meetings with other leaders would also take place on the sidelines of the summit.
  • India will host the G20 summit in 2022 for the first time.

Food grains production 2018-19

  • The food grains production in India is estimated at 283.37 million tonnes during 2018-19.
  • Over 17.63 million tonnes are higher than the average production of the last three years.
  • The Indian Council of Agricultural Research is conducting basic and strategic research relating to crop improvement, production and protection technologies suitable to different situations.

Walmart have to pay over 282 million.

  • Walmart agreed to pay $282 mn to various bodies of US to settle charges of violating anti-corruption regulations while conducting its business in India, China, Brazil and Mexico.
  • According to the US Security and Exchange Commission (SEC), these violations were conducted by Walmart’s third-party intermediaries who made payments without reasonable assurances that they observed complied with the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act or FCPA.
  • Walmart agreed to pay more than 144 million US Dollar to settle the SEC’s charges and approximately 138 million US Dollar to resolve parallel criminal charges by the Department of Justice for a combined total of more than 282 million US Dollar.

Operation launched by Indian Navy in Gulf

  • Indian Navy has deployed INS Chennai and INS Sunayna in the Gulf of Oman to re-assure Indian flagged vessels operating and transiting through the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, following the maritime security incidents in the region.
  • Indian aircraft deployed in that area for aerial surveillance.
  • Indian Ocean Region is keeping a close watch on the movement of ships in the Gulf region.
  • On Thursday, Iranian forces shot down a US military spy drone “RQ-4 Global Hawk” while it was flying over the Strait of Hormuz.

World Archery appoints Bindra to sort AAI trouble

  • The World Archery has appointed Abhinav Bindra to solve the conflict in the Archery Association of India (AAI).
  • AAI violated the constitution by unanimously electing two parallel bodies in Chandigarh and New Delhi.
  • The world body de-listed the AAI for violating the rules of World Archery.
  • Abhinav Bindra is appointed as an independent person by the World Archery.
  • He will be part of the selection panel with Rajeev Mehta The secretary general of IOA.
  • Its headquarters are located in New Delhi and the current president is Arjun Munda.
  • Archery Association of India (AAI) was founded on 8 August 1973.

Yoga Day

  • International Day of Yoga is observed on 21 June.
  • It was first suggested by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his speech at the UNGA, 27th September 2014.
  • An international day for yoga was declared unanimously by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).
  • On 14 October 2014, the UNGA held informal consultations on the draft resolution “International Day of Yoga”.
  • Reserve Bank of India in 2015, issued a 10 rupees commemorative coin to mark the International Day of Yoga.
  • This year PM Narendra Modi hosted a grand event at Prabhat Tara ground in Ranchi.

IndusInd Bank to merge BFIL

  • On 4 July 2019 IndusInd bank will merge Bharat Financial Inclusion Ltd (BFIL).
  • The Business Correspondent network of BFIL will operate under IFIL.
  • Assets and liabilities of BFIL will be merged with IndusInd’s balance sheet.
  • M R Rao will be the CEO of IndusInd Financial Inclusion Ltd (IFIL), as he is currently CEO of BFIL.

India grants to support of $15mn to Niger for African Union Summit

  • India has grant support of USD 15 million assistance to Niger for organising The African Union (AU) summit.
  • The (AU) summit will be held in Niamey (capital of Niger) from July 7. It will also be the first time for Niger to host an AU summit.

New CJ of Telangana & Himachal Pradesh

  • The government has cleared the appointments of Cheif Justice of Telangana and Himachal Pradesh High Courts.
  • Justice RS Chauhan will be the new Chief Justice of the Telangana High Court.
  • Justice V Ramasubramanium will be the new Chief Justice of the Himachal Pradesh High Court.
  • On June 10, Justice Ravi Shanker Jha was appointed as the Chief Justice of the Madhya Pradesh High Court

RBI fines Rs 10 lakhs on South Indian Bank

  • On 19th June, RBI has imposed fine of Rs 10 lakh on South Indian Bank for violating norms regarding bank guarantees.
  • In the statement, The Reserve Bank said that the penalty follows references from a government department and a private party alleging non-payment of invoked bank guarantees by the lender.

The population of Indians in America increased by 38%

  • From the year 2010 to 2017 the population of the Indians in America is increased up to 38%
  • There are around 630,000 undocumented Indians.
  • The South Asian advocacy group released this report.

TV Channels of Bangladesh & South Korea on DD Free Dish

  • The Government has also approved the proposal of Prasar Bharati for making available the KBS World, a channel of Government of Republic of South Korea and BTV World, a channel owned by Bangladesh TV, on the DD Free Dish for the Indian viewers.
  • At the same time, people of South Korea and Bangladesh would be able to view DD India in their countries.
  • This arrangement is as a result of an MoU signed by Prasar Bharati.
  • The decision marks an important watershed in the strengthening of ties of India with the two countries.

Facebook’s new cryptocurrency Libra

  • Facebook is coming in the world of cryptocurrency with Libra.
  • Libra is a cryptocurrency that will use as payments in the social network.
  • Facebook along with Mastercard, Visa, Women’s World Banking, and 28 other founding members are in Libra Association.
  • Facebook along with Visa, Uber and Andreessen Horowitz, had invested $10 million each in Libra project’s operation.

Fitch lowers India’s growth forecast

  • Rating agency Fitch has lowered India’s GDP growth to 6.6% for the financial year 2020
  • Fitch Ratings has retained its GDP growth forecast for FY21 and FY22 at 7.1 per cent and 7 per cent, respectively
  • India’s GDP hits 5-year low growth of 6.8 per cent in 2018-19
  •  Reserve Bank of India has reduced interest rates by 25 basis points to 5.75 per cent in its June meeting – the third cut so far this year- to address growth concerns.
  • According to Fitch, RBI may go for another 25 basis point cut in interest rates this year.

Only BS-6 Vehicles from Next Year

  • Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar announced that only BS-6 vehicle will remain available from 2020 onwards.
  • Vehicles contribute 20-22% of the total pollution in the country.
  • BS-IV fuels contain 50 parts per million (ppm) sulphur, the BS-VI grade fuel only has 10 ppm sulphur. BS VI can bring PM in diesel cars down by 80 per cent.
  • Delhi implemented selling only BS-VI grade fuels from April 1, 2018, only, in view of the extremely high levels of air pollution in the Capital city.
  • Earlier in October 2018, Supreme Court order in an order barred the sale of Bharat Stage IV vehicles from April 1, 2020.

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