Quiz 171 – History Questions with Explained Answers

Where is the famous Vijaya Vittala Temple, having its 56 carved pillars emitting musical notes located?

(a) Belur
(b) Bhadrachalam
(c) Hampi
(d) Srinangam

Explanation:
The famous Vijaya Temple, having its 56 carved pillers emitting musical notes, located at Hampi, the capital of Vijaynagar kingdom to region of Krishnadevaraya. Krishnadevaraya, was regarded as the greatest of all the Vijaynagar rules. He built the famous temples of Krishnaswami, Hazara Ramaswami and Vitthalaswami at Hampi.

Ans- (c)


Consider the following the statements:

  1. Jawaharlal Nahru was in his fourth term as the Prime Minister of India at the time of his death.
  2. Jawaharlal Nehru represented Rae Bareilly constituency as a Member of Parliament.
  3. The first non-congress Prime Minister of India assumed the office in the year 1977.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 only
(d) 1 and 3
Explanation:

Jawaharlal Nehru became Prime Minister in 1947 for 1st term followed by an election in 1952 for 2nd term then election took place in 1957 and he became Prime Minister for 3rd term and finally after winning 1962 elections, he became Prime Minister for the 4th term and he died in 1964. He never represented Rae-Bareilly and in fact he represented Phulpur constituency near Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh. From March 24, 1977 to July 28, 1979 Morarji Desai served as Prime Minister as head of a Multiparty front, Janta Party, India’s first non-Congress government. So, statement (1) and (3) is correct.

Ans- (d)


Which one of the following was the first fort constructed by the British in India?

(a) Fort William

(b) Fort St. George

(c) Fort St. David

(d) Fort St. Angelo

Explanation:

(i) Fort William: Fort William was built under the supervision of Sir Charles Eyr in the year 1700.

(ii) Fort St. George: It is the first British fort of India, built in 1644 at the coastal city of Chennai.

(iii) Fort St. David Previously, this fort was a Maratha property. The fort was sold by the Marathas to the English Indian Company in 1690.

(iv) Fort St. Angelo: Is is also known as Kannur Fort. The St. Angelo Fort of Kerala was built by the first Portuguese Viceroy Don Francisco De Alwida. It was constructed in the year 1505.

Ans- (b)


Consider the following statements:

1. Robbert Clive was the first Governor-General of Bengal.
2. William Bentinck was the first Governor-General of India.

Which of the following Statement(s) given above is/arr correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

According to Regulating Act of 1773, Warren Hastings was the first Governor-General of Bengal. This provision was changed through the Charter Act of 1833, according to which Lord William Bentinck was made the first Governor-General of India. Thus, the first statement is wrong and the second statement is correct.

Ans- (b)


Who, among the following Europeans, were the last to come to pre-independence India as traders?

(a) Dutch
(b) English
(c) French
(d) Portuguese

Explanation:

Time line of Europeans who came to Pre-independence India as traders are:

(i) Dutch :- 1602 AD (1st factory was established in Masulipattanam in 1605AD)
(ii) English :- 1600 Ad (1st factory was established in 1608 in Surat)
(iii) French :- 1664 AD (1st factory was established in 1668 in Surat)
(iv) Portuguese :- 1498 AD (1st factory was established in Cochin in 1503 AD).

Ans- (c)


The ruler of which one of the following states was removed from power by the British on the pretext of mis-governance?

(a) Awadh
(b) Jhasi
(c) Nagpur
(d) Satara

Explanation:

Lord Dalhousie annexed other like Satara, Nagpur, Jhansi etc. on the pretext of Doctrine of Lapse. But Nawab Wazid Ali Shah had many children. So, Dalhousie just annexed Awadh on the pretext of Misrule in 1856.

Ans- (a)


Who among the following, started the newspaper Shome Prakash?

(a) Dayanand Saraswati

(b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar

(c) Raja Rammohan Roy

(d) Surendranath Banerjee

Explanation:

Shome Prakash, the first Bengali political paper was published by Dwarka nath Vidyabhusan in 1858 at Calcutta. But Shome Prakash newspaper was published by Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar in 1898. Born in 1820 in Bengal, Vidyasagar’s contribution is many sided. He worked for the upliftment of women. which led to the formation of Widow Remarriage Act 1856. After it Vidyasagar continued his reforms movement, directing it against polygamy and later child marriage and finally secured an age of consent Act in 1860 and fixed the age of consent for the consummation of marriage at 10 years for women. It was raised to 12 by another legislation in 1891; but as census statistics show, child marriage continued to a widely practised social custom among among all the castes high and low alike, well into the 20th century. After 1870, Bengal was past its peak, so far as reform movement was concerned; it was western and southern India, which were to see more activity in this direction.

Ans- (b)


At which one of the following places didf Mahatma Gandhi first start his Satyagraha in India?

(a) Ahmedabad

(b) Bardoli

(c) Champaran

(d) Kheda

Explanation:

Which one of the following place was associated with Acharya Vinoba Bhave’s Bhoodan Movement at the beginning of the movement?

(a) Udaygiri
(b) Rapur
(c) Pochampalli
(d) Venkatagiri

Explanation:

Vinoba Bhave orgnised Sarvodaya Samaj to bring about non-violent social transformation through land reforms witrh the willing cooperation of landowners. Large landowerners were persuaded to gift atleast one-sixth of their land. On 18th April 1951, the first donation of land took place in a village called pochampali in Telengana, Andhra Pradesh. But it was most successful mainly in Orissa.

Ans- (c)


The song ‘Amar Sonar Bangla’ written durring the Swadeshi Movement of India inspire the liberation struggle of Bangladesh and was adopted as the National Anthem of Bangladesh. Who wrote this song?

(a) Rajni Kanta Sen
(b) Dwijendralal Roy
(c) Mukunda Das
(d) Rabindranath Tagore

Explanation:

“Amar Sonar Bangla (My Golden Bengal)” is a song written and composed by the poet Rabindranath Tagore. Rabindranath Tagore(1886-1941) was one of the greatest lyric poet of the world; writer of short stories, novels, dramas, won the Nobel Prize, returned his ‘Knighthood’ after Jallianwala Bagh massacre; was prominent in anti-partition of Bengal agitation. Tagore was a through artist, a poet, painter as well as musician. His early poetical works include Sandhya Sangeet, Prabhat Sangeet and Kari-o-Kamal. It was his Geetanjali that won him worldwide recognition and the Nobel Prize in 1913. Among his prose works is the book Raja-Praja, an analysis of the British rule.

Ans- (d)

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