Quiz 180 – UPSC History Previous Year’s Question

The word ‘Hindu’ as reference to the people of Hind (India) was first used by:

(a) The Greeks

(b) The Romans

(c) The Chinese

(d) The Arabs

 Explanation:

As the letter “S” was absent in the Arabic alphabet, they used “H” in place of “S”. so, the Arabs called “Sindh” as “Hind” (India and “Hindu” in place of “Sindhu”).

Ans- (d)


 

Who among the following was a Brahmavadini who composed some hymns of the Vadas?

(a) Lopamudra

(b) Gargi

(c) Leelavati

(d) Savitri

Explanation:

Many Hymns of the Rigveda was composed by women and they were called Brahmavadini. The prominent in them were Lopamudra, Vishwawara, Sikta, Nivavari, and Ghosa.

Ans- (a)


 

Match List I with List II and select the 56
correct answer (using codes given below the lists)

List – I (Eras)

(A) Vikrama era

(B) Saka era

(C) Gupta era

(D) Kali era

List – II (Reckoned from)

  1. 3102 B.C.
  2. 320 A.D.
  3. 78 A.D.
  4. 58 B.C.
  5. 248 A.D.

CODES: A – B – C – D

(a) 2 – 4 – 5 – 1

(b) 1 – 3 – 2 – 4

(c) 4 – 5 – 2 – 3

(d) 4 – 3 – 2 – 1

Explanation:

Vikrama era was started by king Vikramaditya in 58 B.C. on the occasion of victory over Shaka. The Shaka era was started by Kanishka in 78 A.D. The Gupta era was started by Chandragupta-I in 319-20 A.D. and Kali era is thought to have started in 3102 B.C.

Ans- (d)


 

In Sanskrit plays written during the Gupta period women and sudras speak:

(a) Sanskrit

(b) Prakrit

(c) Pali

(d) Sauraseni

Explanation:

During the Gupta period, the position of women became equivalent to Sudra. This was also reflected in the Sanskrit plays written during this period, in which the male of upper three varnas speak Sanskrit while the women and Sudra spoke in Prakrit.

Ans- (b)


 

The name by which Ashoka is generally referred to his inscription is:

(a) Chakravarti

(b) Dharmadeva

(c) Dharmakirti

(d) Priyadarsi

Explanation:

The name which Ashoka is generally referred to in his inscription is “Piyapins” or Priyadarshi. He is also referred to as “Qevanompiya” and “Ashoka” in his inscription.

Ans- (d)


 

The Nagara, the Dravida the Vesara are:

(a) The three main recial groups of the Indian subcontinent

(b) The three main linguistic divisions into which the languages of India can be classified

(c) The three main styles of India can style of Indian temple architecture

(d) The three main musical gharanas prevalent in India

Explanation:

The Nagara, the Dravida and the Versara are three main style of temple were made in South India while the Nagara and the Vesara style of temples were made in North India.

Ans – (c)


 

The Mughal school of painting formed the spinal column of the various schools of Indian miniature art. Which one of the following painting styles was not affected by Mughal painting?

(a) Pahari

(b) Rajasthani

(c) Kangra

(d) Kalighata

Explanation:

The Mughal school of painting after its decline in Mughal court spread to various regional centres and gave rise to Pahari, Rajasthani, and Kangra school of painting but Kalighata school of painting was indigenous and not affected by Mughal painting.

Ans- (d)


 

Who among the following were famous jurists of medieval India?

(a) Vijnanesvara

(b) Hemadri

(c) Rajasekhara

(d) Jimutavahana

Explanation:

The famous Jurist of early part of medieval India were Hemadri, Vijnaneshwar, who wrote “Mitakshara” an Jumutvahana, who wrote “Dayabhaga”.

Ans- (c)


 

According to Mimamsa system of philosophy liberation is possible by means by:

(a) Jnana

(b) Bhakti

(c) Yoga

(d) Karma

Explanation:

Mimansa system of philosophy stresses on the doctrine of “karma”. It says that liberation is possible by means of performing “Karma”.

Ans- (d)


 

The redical wing of the Congress Party with Jawaharlal Nehru as one of its main leaders, founded the ‘independence for India. League’ in opposition to:

() The Finance Commission

() The National Development Council

() The Inter-state Council

() The Constitution of India

Explanation:

The “Independence for India league” was founded by Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose in opposition of “Nehru report” prepared by Motilal Nehru, which was demanding only Domini status for India.

Ans- (c)

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