What is meaning of President Rule in a state?
It is a constitutional provision mentioned under Article 356. According to this provision, President can declare state emergency if he is satisfied based on the report of the Governor of the concerned state or from other sources that the governance cannot be carried out according to the provisions in the Constitution.
Initially it can be imposed for 6 months but can only continue after approval of parliament within two months of it proclamation. It needs to be ratified by both the houses of parliament. It can be imposed for a maximum period of three years.
What happened in Arunachal Pradesh?
Arunachal Pradesh was ruled Congress Party under the Chief Minister Nabam Tuki. In June 2015, Speaker of Vidhan Sabha suspended 14 Congress MLAs, soon after this action the deputy speaker of the state brought no-confidence motion against the Speaker for his relation with the Chief Minister.
Governor has sent many reports to President regarding the situation of law and order in the state, and stated that even Raj Bhavan is not safe because of Congress MLAs. News reports also came earlier stating misbehave with the Governor by Congress MLAs.
This proclamation will have to get ratified by the Parliament within two months, but opposition has alleged this act as the murder of constitutional democracy and federalism. So the ratification in Parliament may be stalled.
Few Things to know
The assent was given right after he hosted the traditional ‘At Home’ or reception at Rashtrapati Bhavan for French President Francois Hollande as part of the Republic Day celebration.