Eligibility for UPSC Civil Service Exam

The Candidates applying for the examination should ensure that they fulfill all the eligibility for UPSC Civil Service Exam conditions for admission into the examination.

Eligibility for UPSC Civil Service Exam

Nationality

A candidate must be either:
  1. a citizen of India, or
  2. a subject of Nepal, or
  3. a subject of Bhutan, or
  4. a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India.
  5. a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Srilanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.
Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

Age Limits

A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years on 1st August, in the year of examination.
 
The upper age limit prescribed above will be given more relaxation in the following cases:
  • Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe: upto a maximum of five years.
  • Other Backward Classes: upto a maximum of three years.
  • State of Jammu & Kashmir (Domiciled during the period from the 1st January, 1980 to 31st December, 1989): up to a maximum of five years.
  • Defence Services personnel : up to a maximum of five years
  • (disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof)
  • Ex-servicemen including Commissioned officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service and have been released (i) on completion of assignment otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency, or (ii) on account of physical disability attributable to Military Service, or (iii) on invalidment: up to a maximum of five years.
  • ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years of Military Service and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and that they will be released on three month’s notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment : upto a maximum of five years.
  • Blind, deaf-mute and Orthopaedically handicapped persons: upto a maximum of ten years.
NOTE I
Cumulative Age relaxation:
Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes and the Other Backward Classes who are also covered under other clauses mentioned above will be eligible for grant of cumulative age-relaxation under both the categories.
Ex-servicemen eligibility:
The term ex-servicemen will apply to the persons who are defined as ex-servicemen in the Ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979, as amended from time to time.
The age concession will not be admissible to Ex-Servicemen and Commissioned Officers including ECOs/SSCOs, who are released on own request.
NOTE II
Date of Birth Certificate:
The date of birth accepted by the Commission is that entered in the Matriculation or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or in a certificate recognized by an Indian University as equivalent to Matriculation or in an extract from a Register of Matriculates maintained by a University, which extract must be certified by the proper authority of the University or in the Higher Secondary or an equivalent examination certificate.
No other document relating to age like horoscopes, affidavits, birth extracts from Municipal Corporation, service records and the like will be accepted.
Once the date of birth is recorded in the Commission, no change is allowed subsequently (or at any other Examination of the Commission) on any grounds whatsoever.

Educational Qualifications

The candidate must hold a degree of any of Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University Under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification.
NOTE:
Candidates who have appeared at an examination which would educationally qualify them for the UPSC examination but have not received the the results will also be eligible for admission to the Preliminary Examination. They will have to produce the proof of passing the requisite examination with their application for the Main Examination.
In exceptional cases, UPSC may treat a candidate who has not any of the foregoing qualifications as a qualified candidate, provided that he has passed examination conducted by other Institutions, which UPSC deems fit.
Candidates possessing professional and technical qualifications, recognised by Government as equivalent to professional and technical degree would also be eligible for admission to the examination.
Candidates who have passed the final professional M.B.B.S. or any other Medical Examination but have not completed their internship by the time of submission of their applications for the Civil Services (Main) Examination, will be provisionally admitted to the Examination. They will however, have to submit a copy of a certificate from the concerned authority of the University/Institution that they have passed the requisite final professional medical examination with their application . In such cases, the candidates will be required to produce original Degree or a certificate from the University/Institution at the time of their interview .

Number of attempts

The maximum number of attempts restriction is effective from the examination held in 1984. In case other eligibility conditions apply:
  • General candidates: six attempts.
  • Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe candidates: No restriction.
  • Other Backward Classes: seven attempts.
NOTE 1:
An attempt at a Preliminary Examination is considered an attempt at the examination.
If a candidate actually appears in any one paper in the Preliminary Examination, he is considered to have made an attempt at the examination.
Notwithstanding the disqualification/cancellation of candidature the fact of appearance of the candidate at the examination will count as an attempt.
NOTE 2: Restrictions on reapplying for the examination
A candidate who is appointed to the Indian Administrative Service or the Indian Foreign Service on the results of an earlier examination and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to compete at this examination.
If a candidate is appointed to the IAS/IFS after the Preliminary Examination of Civil Services Examination is over and he/she continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall not be eligible to appear in the Civil Services (Main) Examination notwithstanding his/her having qualified in the Preliminary Examination.
If a candidate is appointed to IAS/IFS after the commencement of the Civil Services (Main) Examination, but before the result thereof and continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall not be considered for appointment to any service/post on the basis of the result of this examination.

44 COMMENTS

    • This is the complete list of optional subjects for civil services main examination. You have to opt for any one subject. Optional paper consists of two papers of 250 marks each. Click on the subject name to view its syllabus.

      Group 1

      Agriculture
      Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science
      Anthropology
      Botany
      Chemistry
      Civil Engineering
      Commerce and Accountancy
      Economics
      Electrical Engineering
      Geography
      Geology
      History
      Law
      Management
      Mathematics
      Mechanical Engineering
      Medical Science
      Philosophy
      Physics
      Political Science and International Relations
      Psychology
      Public Administration
      Sociology
      Statistics
      Zoology
      Group 2

      Note: You can opt for the literatures of a language as an optional subject, only if you have graduated in the literature of that particular language as the main subject.

      Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, English

      • Sir I have completed Bsc (Genetics). Which optional subject should I choose. I’m confused. So please suggest me ,Sir..

    • sir mene b.tech complete kr li h information tech.se to kya me chemistry subject choose kr skta hun …..plz suggest me…..

  1. I thought of suggesting this.. According to caste you restrict attempts.. I think its waste to serve..

  2. sir i hav cmpltd my b.e in civil enng .. so wch subjct is bttr to choose.. can u pz suggst…

  3. sir i am pursuing b-tech in mechanical, plz guide me for main as well as optional paper for upse exam

  4. Sir, it is easy to pass out IAS Exam after completion of my LLB nd how much marks re required to clear dis IAS exam

  5. iam in final year engeneering studying in 7th sem CS upsc exams v'l be in april-may so at that time i'l be almost in my compelition of my engg..does iam eligible for the upsc exams????

  6. Dear sir…I am handicapped from both leg…please help me that How many age of grace priod for me & aattempt relax also…

  7. i m curently 1st yr b.a persuing so can i take upsc civil service exam … so KAB me atempt kar sakta hu

  8. i m doing BE mechancal from mumbai university what subjects should i choose fo UPSC exam… i m studying in 2nd year mech class
    and from what should i start my studies.. please suggest me te books which i should refer at te begining that will make me perfect for prellim

  9. i am working in Railways as a Gr. B officer (departmental officer) . Total service 18 years. Education MBA.Community General.Age 38 yrs. how can i apply for civil services exam. Previously i had appeared it 2006, pls guide me.

  10. sir,i m in B.tech(ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ) final yr student…!!!
    please sir,give me some guidance how to prepare the IAS examination…!!!

  11. Sir I have completed ignou degree it is eligble for IAS Exam or not please reply as soon as possible

  12. माताको दूध शिशुलाई शिक्षा मातृभाषामा,
    प्रभाव पर्छ सृस्‍टिलाई प्रकाशको गतिमा।…. यी माथिका हरफ मेघालय शिलोंगका नेपालीभाषी पुस्तक ब्यबसायी श्री बिष्णु गौतमले बिगत ५ वर्ष देखि जोड तोडका साथ प्रचार प्रसार गर्दै आएका छन् । उनले प्रकाशन गरेका पुस्तक, बिजक, लेटर प्याड, पुस्तक सुची जताततै यी हरफ देख्न पाइन्छ । नेपाली, अंग्रेजी, खासी र बंगाली भाषामा लेखिएका यी हरफले मातृभाषाको शक्तिले सृष्टिको रक्षा र यस सुन्दर बहुरंगी विश्व-बाटिकालाइ द्रुत गतिमा सुमुन्नत बनाउन टेवा मिल्ने संदेश दिन्छ ।.
    जन्मेपछि सम्बाद गर्न सिकेको पहिलो भाषा नै मानिसको मातृभाषा हो । संसारमा ज्ञान, सोच र कल्पनाको बहुरंगी विविधता कायम राख्न पनि मातृभाषालाइ बचाईराख्न र विकास गर्न जरुरि छ । मातृभाषामा दिइने शिक्षाले सम्बन्धित भाषा त्यसको लिपि, जातीय संस्कार र संस्कृतिको विकास तथा समाजमा उत्प्रेरणा र चेतनाको अभिवृद्धि हुन्छ । यदि कुनै भाषा लोप भएर गयो भने त्यस जतिको संस्कृति पनि लोप भएर जान्छ । संस्कृतिक सम्वृद्धिमा सबैभन्दा ठूलो योगदान भाषाको नै हुन्छ । मातृभाषामा दिइने अभिव्यक्ति सबैभन्दा परिपूर्ण र सहज हुन्छ । यदि मातृभाषा सम्पन्न भयनन भने संसारमा धेरै कारोबार हुने सम्पर्क भाषाको अवस्था पनि खोक्रो हुन जानेछ । ससाना हजारौ मातृभाषाका कारणले नै संसारका सम्पर्क भाषा सम्पन्न र हराभरा भएका हुन् । यदि कारोबारी भाषामा लिप्त भएर मातृभाषाको लोप भयो भने ज्ञान बिज्ञानको संसार उराठिलो मरुभूमि जस्तो बन्ने छ । त्यसैले शिक्षा मातृभाषामै हुनु पर्छ । मातृभाषा मानिसको मौलिक ज्ञान, शिप सृजनाको खजाना हो । यस्तो महत्वपूर्ण खजानाको रक्षामा ध्यान नदिएर क्षणिक लाभको निम्ति कारोबारमा चलेका भाषामा मात्र लिप्त हुनु समाजको भविस्य माथि गरेको बेइमानी र बाल अधिकारको हनन हो ।.
    प्रसिद्ध साहित्यकार रवीन्द्रनाथ टैगोरले भनेका छन्, ‘मातृभाषामा शिक्षा पाउनु मानिसको जन्मसिद्ध अधिकार हो । हामी जसरी आमाको कोखमा जन्मेका हौं त्यसैगरी मातृभाषा पनि हाम्रो कोख हो । यी दुवै आमा हाम्रालागि सधैं सजीव र अपरिहार्य छन् ।’ उनले मातृभाषाको महत्त्वलाई बुझे र बुझाउने कोसिस गरे । प्रसिद्ध राजनीतिज्ञ नेलसन मण्डेलाले भनेका छन्- इफ यू स्पिक टु अ म्यान इन अ ल्याङ्वेज ही अन्डरस्ट्यान्डस, इट गोज् टु हिज माइन्ड बट इफ यू स्पिक इन हिज ल्याङ्वेज इट गोज टु हिज हर्ट । यदि कसैसँग उसले बुझ्ने भाषामा कुरा गर्नुभयो भने त्यो कुरा उसको दिमागमा मात्र पुग्छ । यदि उसको मातृभाषामा भन्नुभयो भने मुटुसम्म पुग्छ । मण्डेलाले मातृभाषाको द्रुत असरलाई प्रस्ट्याए ।.
    संयुक्त राष्ट्रसंघको अध्ययनअनुसार यतिबेला कारोबारमा नचलेका करिब ५३०० मातृभाषा संकटमा परेका छन् । शिक्षामा मातृभाषाको महत्त्वलाई नजरअन्दाज गरेर अबको शिक्षानीति बनाइयो भने सामाजिक र राष्ट्रिय मात्र होइन मानव जातिकै अस्तित्व संकटमा आउन सक्ने स्थिति बन्नेछ । संयुक्त राष्ट्रसंघमा सन् १९९९ बाट यस मुद्दाले स्थान पाइसकेको छ । अब यसलाई संसारभरि उपयुक्त कार्यान्वयनको खाँचो छ ।.
    _____________________________________________________________________________________
    सर्व शिक्षा मातृभाषामा नहुनु सुक्षम गतिमा दास हुनु हो |
    बग्ने पानी पुग्दैन वर्षा नै चाईन्छ, सुसम्पन्न समाज बनाउन सर्व मातृभाषा मा शिक्षा चाईन्छ

  13. Sir, I am serving in army and I have wish to join an IAS . So tell me how much age is required for IAS examination for defence person.

  14. sir , I have just completed my intermediate and my target is UPSC so which subject is suitable for me for graduation & upsc ……….help me as soon as..

  15. Hello sir
    M dentist by profession
    And i wish to apply for civil service exams
    Kindly guide me as how to study for the exam

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