Over the last decades, the economic growth has taken place resulting in pulling out about 660 million people from poverty and lifting the income levels of a million more people, but costing the environment and the poor communities in return. Through various ways of institutional failures, policies and markets, the natural resource of Earth has been exhausted in ways that result in economic wastage and inefficiency without the value of real costs of the depletion. Sustainable development is to recognize the growth of both inclusive and natural benefit and hence reduce poverty and building prosperity for the years to come along with efficient planning delivering both immediate and long-term results in the favour of the planet and the people.
The Sustainable Development Goals, also known as global goals, are calls to the universe for some action to be taken to ensure prosperity and peace, protect the Mother Earth and cease poverty. The Millennium Development Goals has 17 goals built to succeed that also include new regions like justice and peace, sustainable consumption, innovation, economic inequality and climate change over which these are priorities. Since the goals are interconnected to each other, the key to succeed is to tackle one or more problems at a time that are somehow common or related to each other so as to achieve success.
The Sustainable Development Goals work so as to achieve the spirit of pragmatism and partnership so as to improve life now by making the right choices with sustainability to ensure benefit to the following generations. It also provides with clear targets and guidelines for the countries part of it to adopt in accordance to their respective priorities and the whole scale environmental issues and challenges of the world. The Sustainable Development Goals usually are inclusive of using agenda propaganda to tackle the root causes of challenges including poverty so as to unite all together making optimistic changes for both the planet and the people.
The Sustainable Development Goals were in action by January 2016 that will continue to be guided by the United Nations Development Programme and funded for the following 15 years. The UNDP is such placed to efficiently implement the Sustainable Development Goals through various works across the globe including about 170 territories and countries. Civil societies, businesses and governments along with the United Nations have initiated efforts to mobilize and succeed the Sustainable Development Goals Agenda by 2030. Indivisible and inclusive, this universal agenda calls to action for improvising lives of people globally. In 2015, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development along with its 17Sustainable Development Goals was adopted by countries. In 2016, Paris Agreement for climatic change was included to address the need of limiting the rise in global temperatures.
Though the Sustainable Development Goals are not legally binding, the countries that are part of it are expected to establish and take the responsibility for providing with a national framework so as to achieve its goals. The implementation of the goals and their success rely on the programmes, plans and sustainable development policies of the respective countries. Also, the countries are responsible for the review and follow-up at the global, national and regional levels in consideration to its progress made with respect to the implementation and targets set. The actions taken at national level require progress that has to be monitored with quality, timely and accessible data collection and regional follow-upalong with reviews. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals have 169 targets and hence are broader in scope, which go further in addressing the main causes of poverty and the universal necessity for work and development of all people. The goals are to cover the three dimensions of sustainable development which are environmental protection, social inclusion and economic growth.
The main goal is to strengthen the capabilities of people and provide them with opportunities so as to reduce poverty and marginalisation and hence focusing on the most excluded and vulnerable population communities and making sustainable ways for environmental, social and economical standpoints.