What are MDGs? What is India’s progress on the same?
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals that all 193 United Nations member states and at least 23 international organizations have agreed to achieve by the year 2015. They include eradicating extreme poverty, reducing child mortality rates, fighting disease epidemics such as AIDS, and developing a global partnership for development.
India have recorded the sharpest decline in poverty figures in the Asian region with poverty rate projected to fall from 51 per cent in 1990 to about 22 per cent in 2015 – on track to cut poverty in half by the millennium development goals (MDGs) target
The latest figures of the Sample Registration System (SRS), released by the office of the Registrar General of India suggest that the undivided Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and Assam still lagged behind in improving their respective MMR, IMR and TFR figures despite being high focus States where the bulk of Centre’s attention and funds are directed.
South India is way ahead in achieving the millennium development goal (MDG) targets for maternal mortality ratio, infant mortality rate and the total fertility rate.
* India and China have recorded the sharpest decline in poverty figures in the Asian region.*
for india—- UNMDG targets for mmr, tfr, imr,and under 5 mortality rate are 109, 1.7, 28 , 42respectively and india is far behind to acheive them by 2015 as mmr is 212 ,tfr is 2.6, imr is 50 and under 5 mortality rate is 64 in india at latest data…………………. ***imr-infant mortality rate, tfr-total fertility rate, MMR – maternal mortality rate
UNMDG are 8 goals with 21 targets and 60 indicators to be achieved by 2015 set up in 1990
Indian programs for the achievement of MDG areas:
1. poverty eradication- MGNREGA
2. achieving universal primary education- right to education
3. promoting gender equality- women’s reservation bill, 50% in PRI, etc
4.reducing child mortality-NRHM
5.improving maternal health-NRHM
6.combating HIV and AIDS- national aids control program
7.ensuring environmental sustainability-env policy
8.eradication of hunger-national food security act