What makes one successful and another failure in Mains? All the candidates are having books, all the candidates are dedicated to work and most of them attend coaching institutions, take guidance from seniors and friends but what makes one success and another failure. Students say they studied for 18 hours and still they couldn’t make Mains. Others say they studied only for 8-9 hours and could make Mains. Why these differences. The difference between successful candidates and the failure candidates is same as difference between ordinary and extra-ordinary persons.

Better Strategy Makes one Success in Mains

One who is able to make Mains never counts the hours and how many books he/she has read. But they know what to read, what not to read, how much to read, how to use when required writing the answers. Civil Service Exam never wants one to be ideal. It requires creativity, innovativeness within the candidates, who lack to use his/her knowledge properly they feel tough to clear the exam. Before starting the preparation find out properly what to read, what not to read, what types of question are asked from particular topics. After taking guidance from others put your own strategy, don’t follow their strategy it may not be suitable for you.

Going Through Syllabus

Don’t get tense when somebody says there is change in syllabus. Civil Service Exam tries to select candidates who are creative and innovative and aware of day to day life.

First go through General Studies syllabus thoroughly and try to be perfect with the syllabi. If you know syllabus, 20% of your work is over. It helps you what to read and what not to read. Don’t neglect the added UPSC syllabus. Always questions will be asked from the new syllabus. Try to think what type of questions may come from particular topic. What is the relevance of particular topic in today’s life? In the same way go through the added topics of optional paper and try to cover them first. Old candidates may know other parts of the syllabus and added syllabus have also to be perfect. New-comers must know whole syllabus before their studies.

Having Balanced Approach Towards Optional

Candidates have to select optional paper for Mains. Student might know concepts but unable to use where it is required. Therefore study optional simultaneously. Marks of optional paper are important to be successful in exam.
Considering question number 1 and 5 is equally important Question number 1 and 5 play very important role in getting good score. Therefore, practice writing short answers while preparing. Study previous year questions and analyze what type of questions has been asked from particular topics. Try to cover all the points within 200 words. Read the questions properly and answer according to the nature of the question. While studying try to note down topics where short notes can be asked and write points for that topic and keep. That will help during revision.

Exclusive Skills for Presenting Answer

After the Prelims Exam and till the exam date everyone study. But, in Civil Service Main Exam only studying is not important. But here important is how one is using his knowledge to write particular paper within three hours. What one writes during these three hours makes one topper and anther failure. Here how much you studied it doesn’t matter, but how you are using your knowledge to write particular answer. Therefore while studying, always think what type of questions may be asked from particular topics and what points to be included to make different from others.
Many times we hear students saying they have done their exams very well. Question paper was very easy. But still they are unable to make Mains. Why? When question paper is given they never try to read full question. If they come across the words they know they start writing answers. They might have written wrong answer also. There they make mistakes. First, study questions properly and understand what has been asked. Then think what to be written for that answer. Write up to the point answers. While writing 60 marks answers follow one strategy. When you read question, take always last page of your answer booklet and start writing the points what all to be included in that answer. Because while writing suddenly you may forget the points, these points give hints to continue the answer and make to be within the track.

Don’t Repeat the Paragraphs.

If graphs, pie-charts, flow charts are required draw them to make examiner know what you have written. Always follow word-limit. If you think you know more about that answer and start writing more on that answer, you cannot complete the paper within a given time. Always try to give positive points. Don’t mention anybody’s name. Write such type of inputs which makes your answer different from others.

Current Affairs

Current Affairs play leading role in the Civil Service Mains Exam. Students try to buy many current affairs magazine and they think they studied more instead of that studied from one magazine and be a regular reader of newspaper. Whatever you read, try to make note of it, It helps to revise. Without revising you cannot remember the points. Study previous years question paper and try to analyse what type of questions have been asked from current affairs. See whether there is any change in asking questions from one year to another.
General Studies first paper contains national affairs, social issues, geographical issues and etc. And General Studies second paper includes international affairs, economics, science and technology, statistics. All these topics are related to current affairs. Therefore concentrate more on current affairs. The students having stronghold on current affairs are able to score more than 300 marks in General Studies. Current Affairs also play leading role in optional paper. Same of the optionals like Public Administration, Political Science, Science, and Sociology require current trends. Therefore one must be aware what type of current affairs is required for particular topic. Here one should remember only reading current affairs never give marks. Try to revise it again and again and you will be able to recollect during the exam. Preparing current affairs should be continuous process and don’t think some days can be allotted for it.

Two Marker Questions

Always small things make great thing happen. That means, two marker questions are very important to score. Usually students think, it’s only two marks, they can write them without any strategy. But when you really sit for writing you will understand how much difficult are those. To write these questions you must evolve good strategy. While reading newspaper you may come across some personalities, places and terms try to write on them about in notebook. Keep on practicing. If answer is written up to the mark you can get full marks. If you ask any topper, he always says that he gave importance to two markers questions.

To make yourself different from others, prepare your own strategy in order to study these two marks questions. Go through previous years questions and try to write yourself for those questions. While reading any newspaper, magazine or book, note down the words and write on that topic.In exam hall, write up to the point. This can come only by practice. Questions will be from Indian polity, Economies, History, Culture, Science and Technology, Geographical Concepts, Personalities. While studying, make different note on different topics thus it helps to revise properly.

Selective Study

All the candidates who are preparing for Civil Service Mains Examination know the importance of selective study. Being selective is how much useful in preparation how it makes one comfortable.
When students, who are preparing for examination, see the vast syllabus, they find themselves in confusing state. It is like throwing one into the sea; That means syllabus is so vast if they sit for preparing simply without making any selection. One needs complete one year to read whole syllabus. By that time exams are on the head, candidates are not fully prepared in each topic and after reading the entire syllabus they are not even in position to tackle anyone question perfectly. Therefore, selective study is very important in Civil Service preparation. One should know what to study, what to be given more importance, what not to be studied and etc.

Once Study Whole Syllabus Completely

Candidates should take some 3-4 previous year question papers and study the topics thoroughly. This help to decide on which topics frequently questions are asked and on which topic analytical questions are coming, on which topic short questions are coming and so on. By going through previous year question paper one can understand what to study. This makes one to be selective while reading. Otherwise one has to spend more time on syllabus.

Syllabus of optional subjects are also vast, candidates often have many books to cover the topics but they cannot read all of them so here also being selective is very important. Try to read standard books and recollect the points what you have read and how it is useful in writing the answers. Selective study hopes you to answer any question asked on that topic.Most of the toppers follow strategy of being selective. It is not wise to waste time in reading which is not required for the exam. One should have proper approach towards study the optional subjects to get success at Mains.

Importance of Compulsory Papers

English and any other Indian language and one essay paper are compulsory for Civil Service Mains Examination. Its nature is of qualifying nature so often candidates think that they easily can write them and clear these papers. But after each result actually we see that many students are unable to clear language papers. Even some candidates await there result positively and actually they did very well at there exam but finally language papers create a big hurdle. So never underestimate these too language papers and do not neglect them. Here their importance is more. Without qualifying these papers, you cannot reach at Mains. Therefore, they cannot be neglected. These are considered as first step to clear Mains. Therefore, be perfect with grammar, essay writing, precise writings.
The students who are getting good marks in essay can definitely get success in Mains. Essay paper plays important role in getting good rank. This paper is for 200 marks. One Who writes good essay can get upto 140 marks. This makes great difference between an ordinary student and an extra-ordinary student. To write essay one should have comprehensive thinking. While preparing, don’t prepare a few topics. Prepare general way. Select topics like global warming, social change, and development-oriented topics, globalization, terrorism, democracy’ and prepare on these’ topics in general way.

Particular Topics Won’t be Asked in the Exam

But whatever you have studied can be used in anyway while writing essay. Read all the topics of essay at least once, and then select which topic you feel comfortable. Then take last page of your answer booklet and note down all the points you know so that you will not forget the main points while you writing the essay. Then arrange the points in accordance with their importance and there should be continuation of paragraphs. . .

Always write common language, don’t use complicated words and don’t bring optional concepts into the essay.’ Essay paper also marks the assessment of your personality. Therefore be careful while choosing the topics and while writing the essay paper. Planning helps to be fruitful to achieve the goal.

What to Follow

During preparation and in examination hall some of the points to be followed are:
  • Read limited books. Don’t try to read more books. Read fewer books and gain more from them. Read only one or two newspapers and follow anyone book on current affairs. Reading more books make you what to remember or not.
  • Be selective while reading a newspaper. From the beginning of your preparation build the habit of reading what is important from the exam point of view. Spend only 45 minutes to 60 minutes for newspaper daily.
  • Always plan your studies. For a week and also for a day. This helps to complete the syllabus within a time.
  • In the name of selective study don’t leave what to be studied. Don’t go only for popular topics study what may be asked in the Mains.
  • Prepare your own notes. But don’t spend more time in preparing notes. Make point-wise notes which can be reversed very easily with less time.
  • Don’t run from difficult topics. Get clarified from somebody else and simply don’t leave difficult topics. Don’t give importance to what you know. Give less time for what you know and more time for studying difficult topics.
  • Make more and more practices for writing answers. Don’t be lazy. At least take the habit of writing points to be included in that answer.
  • While writing answer in examination hall, don’t cross the word-limit. If you cross the word  limit, you cannot manage to write all the answers.
  • Statistics carries 40 marks in General Studies. Give importance to this section while preparation and also in the examination hall. In the examination hall, keep last 20 minutes for statistics and don’t take it first. Practice makes you to solve the problem within a time limit.
  • Last point is very important. Don’t be hurry while reading the question paper. Read slowly word by word and you can understand what is asked. Otherwise, there is a chance of writing wrong answer. Therefore, follow questions’ properly.

Don’t Miss: How to Crack Civil Services Exam Without Coaching


    • Right now just focus on your academics and keep reading a good newspaper.Have main target in back of your mind.That will be enough at this level.

    • if you are doing doing engineering from IIT , focus on your engineering first , and prepare for IES ok if you wanted to be an IAS then why you have given IITjee
      it means you are not satisfied with your engineering than quit engineering okk

  1. @ chetal…don b critic….they author is not a professional blogger….take gud things he had given

  2. You dont know how to write in English properly. You have difficulty in delivering your thoughts. How come you are teaching others on how to crack IAS paper.

  3. Why the he’ll is the old syllabus format still being circulated? It creates a lot of confusion. Please take care this doesn’t happen

  4. Really its very useful to crack my civil exam this year ,thank u so much for the tips which more motivating and curious to study ahead..

  5. I selected sociology as optional subject .which book’s I read for it
    In Marathi language

  6. i m student of bsc(ZBC) 1ST year how to start perp for IAS.
    above 10 useful comment.. tnx

  7. I am an electrical engineering student,1st year B.tech from NIT SRINAGAR…..I want to qualify IAS exam,how to start and with what?

    • jus focus on newspapers nd currnt events till ur 7 th sem… then chose optional subject whome u have interst put step ecstatically …..go ahead best of luck

  8. The 50 sets of material which are been provided by you is for 2017 or for the current year i.e., 2016?????

  9. Respect Sir/Mam,
    First of all thank you for this platform where any common people who desire for preparing IAS can clear there doubts and ask any query/questions without any hesitation and no any paid fees.
    MY Query is that:
    I M a Graduate Engineer Working in MNC as Senior Engineer since last 5 Yrs and working Schdule atlest 12hrs a DaY.
    Married and father of 2Year Old son and some of responsibilities too.
    I have a desire to Clear IAS in first attempt.
    What should I make a Plan/Strategy and Implement on it that shd different from others to cum under 100RANK.??
    I know it will be very difficult for you to reply for my query but it’s because I want to challenge myself that in any circumstances No body can stop your desire???
    Your reply will be highly appreciable.

  10. Thanks a lot for give to me inspirational and motivational learn so I guess you told here this is very important for all ias aspirant if they follow these rules and regulation l can say that these aspirants must be achieve your goal and I will always try to do that in our daily life be case lastly i am saying that i will off course crack the ias exam after engineering

  11. nice information,according to my thought one could get success if he/she follows this informative suggestions.

  12. I am the student of BSC Ist. Sem.
    Shall i start reading news papers from today ?

    • yup i will suggest uh go to app store dowanload insights app read properly editorials nd focous on currnt evnts try to incorporate writing skills…… best of luck for ny qury ct numbr 9622970970

  13. Respected sir/man. I have done B.Sc with organic chemistry and going to finish M.sc with same subject. I want to clear civil service exam with main subject chemistry.so I have Need An important syllabus and books name. Thanks.

  14. hello.
    i had completed my graduation (Bsc micro,
    Biotech, chemistry) subjectes respectivly.
    i had applyed for IFS.
    i need any knowledge about IFS. BECAUSE i am fresher.
    thank you.

  15. I’m a graduate. I thought KAS, IAS are very difficult to get in. Even I don’t have confidence by myself. When i thought about Administrative jobs, my heart beat getting rise, because of my present family status. Always I’m thinking to be a successful person in life. As my Best friend says i have enough knowledge to get into IAS. After Linking your page i too getting confidence by myself. I hope this is the good sign to prepare well for it. The guidance by you is Excellent for the bigger like me. I hope from you a lot in this. Thanks a lot for your valuable guidance…

  16. I’m a graduate. I thought KAS, IAS are very difficult to get in. Even I don’t have confidence by myself. When i thought about Administrative jobs, my heart beat getting rise, because of my present family status. Always I’m thinking to be a successful person in life. As my Best friend says i have enough knowledge to get into IAS. After Linking your page i too getting confidence by myself. I hope this is the good sign to prepare well for it. The guidance by you is Excellent for the bigginners like me. I hope from you a lot in this. Thanks a lot for your valuable guidance…

  17. Hy i am just completed my graduation from b.a and now i am prepraing for upsc now i am reading just only ncert books and cronical fir current affair my ncert couse is just going to be finished in 4,5 days plzz guid me after it what will read for prepraction

  18. dear sir,
    I’m 19 years old nd also completed my graduation(B.A.) this year. so, how I’ll prepare whole syllabus. suggest me some books nd daily time schedule..

  19. if you are doing doing engineering from IIT , focus on your engineering first , and prepare for IES ok if you wanted to be an IAS then why you have given IITjee
    it means you are not satisfied with your engineering than quit engineering okk

  20. I am MANOJ. I am completed my graduate( bcom).
    please I need any knowledge about civil service exam. because, I like served our peoples(Nation). Chak de india

  21. I am a Bsc student .my favrit subject is zoology .tell me reading stratigy and recommended books for IAS.

  22. Sir/madam,whether an arts students in 11th &12th standard will find difficulties in preparing prelims papers 2. Sir pliz suggest what should an arts student do to clear prelims.

  23. I have just complete my MBA in foreign trade..I want to prepare for civil service.. Am confused which subject should I choose for main exam…

  24. Hello sir,
    I’m too much confused about IAS preparation….i have queries too bt there’s no one in my family,friends and relatives who can help me out…..can u please give yr contact details so tht i can contact u




  26. I m a civil branch student of iter, soa university bhubaneshwar
    I m in 2nd yr so now what to do for my #ias dream

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