Indus Valley Civilisation: India’s progress in science and technology is not a new phenomenon. As early as 2.500 B.C., the Indus Valley Civilisation boasted well-planned towns, drainage systems and ports such as Lothal.
World’s Oldest University: In Takshila (India), the world’s oldest university was established in the year 700 BC. It has been said that the students had options to study more than 60 subjects. Even, the University of Nalanda was established in the Fourth Century BC. It is regarded as one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.
Mathematics: Sulva Sutras, which embody the mathematical principles, then known, laid down the principles of geometry for the design and construction of sacrificial altars. It was in this land that use of zero originated which was also called Arabic numerals (acknowledging their Indian origin, the Arabs called them Hindus).
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Astronomy: Aryabhatta first put forth the idea of the rotation of the earth on its own axis and calculated the sidereal period of the earth’s rotation fairly accurately. Panchsiddhanta and Suryasiddhanta have greatly influenced the later scientific researches.
Medicine : The Atharvaveda is perhaps the original repository of India’s medical knowledge. Charaka and Sushruta Samhitas, the two great works on Ayurveda, the science of life, describe the medical and surgical practices used in India some 2.500 years ago.