Modern Science Timeline

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Modern science was born around the year 1600. Scientists in Europe started to do experiments for testing their guesses and noted the results methodically. This is the Scientific Method and it resulted in rapid scientific progress. Some of the most important achievements are listed here.

Modern Science Timeline

1538 Andreas Vesalius Human Anatomy
1543 Copernicus Planets revolve around the earth
1581-1621 Galilei Galileo All objects fall at same speed
1609 Johannes Kepler Elliptical orbits of planets; Laws of planetary motion
1628 William Harvey Circulation of blood
1637 Rene Descartes Coordinate system of geomentry
1665-1704 Isaac Newton Law of universal gravitation; Laws of motion
1665 Robert Hooke Discovery of plant cell
1674 A van Leeuwenhoek Discovery of micro-organisms
1735 Carl Linnaeus System of classifying and naming plants and animal
1771 Joseph Priestly Discovery of oxygen; Description of photosynthesis
1779 Jan Ingenhousz Description of photosynthesis
1777-1789 Antoine Lavoisier Law of conservation of matter; System for naming chemicals
1808 John Dalton Atomic theory
1811 Amedeo Avogardo Molecules are made of atoms
1820 Hans Christian Oersted Connection between electricity and megenatism
1831 Michale Faraday Producing electricity by magnetic induction
1847 Hermann Helmholtz Law of conservation of energy
1859 Charles Darwin Theory of natural selection to expain evolution
1860s Louis Pasteur Germ theory of disease
1866 Gregor Mendel Law of heridity
1869 Dmitry Mendeleyev Periodic table of elements
1860-1870s James Clerk Maxwell Electromagnetic light; Equation for electromagnetism
1888 Heinrich Hertz Radio Waves
1890-1900s Marie & Pierre Curie Radioactivity
1900 Max Planck Quantum theory
1902 Teisserenc de Bort Atmospheric layers
1902 Karl Landsteiner Blood groups
1905-1920 Albert Einstein Theories of relativity; Photoelectric effect; e=m.c.c
1911 Victor Hess Discovery of cosmic radiation
1913 Niels Bohr Structure of the atom
1924-1929 Edwin Hubble Expanding universe
1928 Alexander Fleming Penicillin
1953 J. Watson and F. Crick Double-helix structure of DNA

Must Read:

Newton’s Third law of motion :

Newton’s Second law of motion

Newton’s First law of motion


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