Census of India 2011

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Current Population of India in 2011 1,210,193,422 (1.21 billion)
Total Male Population in India 623,700,000 (623.7 million)
Total Female Population in India 586,500,000 (586.5 million)
Sex Ratio 940 females per 1,000 males
Age structure
0 to 25 years 50% of India’s current population
Currently, there are about 51
births in India in a minute.
India’s Population in 2001 1.02 billion
Population of India in 1947 350 million

 

 



Current Population of India – India, with 1,210,193,422 (1.21 billion) people is the second most populous country in the world, while China is on the top with over 1,350,044,605 (1.35 billion) people. The figures show that India represents almost 17.31% of the world’s population, which means one out of six people on this planet live in India. Although, the crown of the world’s most populous country is on China’s head for decades, India is all set to take the numero uno position by 2030. With the population growth rate at 1.58%, India is predicted to have more than 1.53 billion people by the end of 2030.

More than 50% of India’s current population is below the age of 25 and over 65% below the age of 35. About 72.2% of the population lives in some 638,000 villages and the rest 27.8% in about 5,480 towns and urban agglomerations. The birth rate (child births per 1,000 people per year) is 22.22 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) while death rate (deaths per 1000 individuals per year) is 6.4 deaths/1,000 population. Fertility rate is 2.72 children born/woman (NFHS-3, 2008) and Infant mortality rate is 30.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 estimated). India has the largest illiterate population in the world. The literacy rate of India as per 2001 Population Census is 65.38%, with male literacy rate at 75.96% and female at 54.28%. Kerala has the highest literacy rate at 90.86%, Mizoram (88.80%) is on the second position and Lakshadweep (86.66%) is on third.

India's Population in 2011Every year, India adds more people than any other nation in the world, and in fact the individual population of some of its states is equal to the total population of many countries. For example, Population of Uttar Pradesh (state in India) almost equals to the population of Brazil. It, as per 2001 Population Census of India, has 190 million people and the growth rate is 16.16%. The population of the second most populous state Maharashtra, which has a growth rate of 9.42%, is equal to that of Mexico’s population. Bihar, with 8.07%, is the third most populous state in India and its population is more than Germany’s. West Bengal with 7.79% growth rate, Andhra Pradesh (7.41%) and Tamil Nadu (6.07%) are at fourth, fifth and sixth positions respectively. The sex ratio of India stands at 933. Kerala with 1058 females per 1000 males is the state with the highest female sex ratio. Pondicherry (1001) is second, while Chhatisgarh (990) and Tamil Nadu (986) are at third and fourth places respectively. Haryana with 861 has the lowest female sex ratio.

Some of the reasons for India’s rapidly growing population are poverty, illiteracy, high fertility rate, rapid decline in death rates or mortality rates and immigration from Bangladesh and Nepal. Alarmed by its swelling population, India started taking measures to stem the growth rate quite early. In fact India by launching the National Family Planning programme in 1952 became the first country in the world to have a population policy. The family planning programme yielded some noticeable results, bringing down significantly the country’s fertility rate. In 1965-2009, the contraceptive usage more than tripled and the fertility rate more than halved. The efforts did produce positive results, however, failed to achieve the ultimate goal and the population of India since getting independence from Britain in 1947 increased almost three times. Whereas India has missed almost all its targets to bring the rate of population growth under control, China’s ‘One Child Policy’ in 1978, has brought tremendous results for the latter. The policy claims to have prevented between 250 and 300 million births from 1978 to 2000 and 400 million births from 1979 to 2010.

 

Current Population of India 2011

Rank State or union territory Population (2011 Census)
Density (per km²) Sex ratio
01 Uttar Pradesh 199,581,477 828 908
02 Maharashtra 112,372,972 365 946
03 Bihar 103,804,637 1102 916
04 West Bengal 91,347,736 1029 947
05 Andhra Pradesh 84,665,533 308 992
06 Madhya Pradesh 72,597,565 236 930
07 Tamil Nadu 72,138,958 555 995
08 Rajasthan 68,621,012 201 926
09 Karnataka 61,130,704 319 968
10 Gujarat 60,383,628 308 918
11 Odisha 41,947,358 269 978
12 Kerala 33,387,677 859 1,084
13 Jharkhand 32,966,238 414 947
14 Assam 31,169,272 397 954
15 Punjab 27,704,236 550 893
16 Haryana 25,353,081 573 877
17 Chhattisgarh 25,540,196 189 991
18 Jammu and Kashmir 12,548,926 56 883
19 Uttarakhand 10,116,752 189 963
20 Himachal Pradesh 6,856,509 123 974
21 Tripura 3,671,032 350 961
22 Meghalaya 2,964,007 132 986
23 Manipur 2,721,756 122 987
24 Nagaland 1,980,602 119 931
25 Goa 1,457,723 394 968
26 Arunachal Pradesh 1,382,611 17 920
27 Mizoram 1,091,014 52 975
28 Sikkim 607,688 86 889
UT1 Delhi 16,753,235 9,340 866
UT2 Puducherry 1,244,464 2,598 1,038
UT3 Chandigarh 1,054,686 9,252 818
UT4 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 379,944 46 878
UT5 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 342,853 698 775
UT6 Daman and Diu 242,911 2,169 618
UT7 Lakshadweep 64,429 2,013 946
Total India 1,210,193,422 382 940

 

 

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