Rice is one of the chief grains of India. India has the biggest area under rice cultivation, as it is one of the principal food crops. It is in fact, the dominant crop of the country. India is one of the leading producers of this crop. Rice is the basic food crop and being a tropical plant, it flourishes comfortably in hot and humid climate. Rice is mainly grown in rain-fed areas that receive heavy annual rainfall. That is why it is fundamentally a Kharif crop in India. It demands temperature of around 25 degree Celsius and above and rainfall of more than 100 cm. Rice is also grown through irrigation in those areas that receive comparatively less rainfall. Rice is the staple food of eastern and southern parts of India.
The traditional rice-growing states include Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, West Bengal, Chattisgarh and the eastern parts of Uttar Pradesh, which account for 61% of the total rice area and 51% of total rice production in India. A major portion of rice-growing areas is rainfed.

Rice production in India is an important part of the national economy. India is one of the world’s largest producer of white rice, accounting for 20% of all world rice production. Rice production in India is preeminent crop and is the staple food of the people of the eastern and southern parts of the country.

Top ten rice producers in India:

  1. West Bengal – 15.80 %
  2. Andhra Pradesh – 12.71 %
  3. Uttar Pradesh – 11.91 %
  4. Punjab – 10.86 %
  5. Orissa – 7.31 %
  6. Tamil Nadu – 7.08 %
  7. Chattisgarh – 5.40 %
  8. Bihar – 5.34 %
  9. Karnataka – 3.70 %
  10. Haryana – 3.61 %
State/ UT 2008-09 2009-10* 2010-11**
Andhra Pradesh 14241 10514 8645
Arunachal Pradesh 163.9 # #
Assam 4008.5 3796.7 3115.9
Bihar 5590.3 3620.7 3069.6
Chattisgarh 4391.8 4110.4 5293.8
Goa 123.3 # #
Gujarat 1303 1292 1427
Haryana 3298 3625 3738
Himachal Pradesh 118.3 105.2 113.5
Jammu & Kashmir 563.1 497.4 497.4
Jharkhand 3420.2 1491 791.7
Karnataka 3802 3512 3193.2
Kerala 590.3 625.1 474.1
Madhya Pradesh 1559.7 1260.6 1596.9
Maharashtra 2284 2212 3220.7
Manipur 397 # #
Meghalaya 203.9 # #
Mizoram 46 # #
Nagaland 345.1 # #
Orissa 6812.7 6895 5661
Punjab 11000 11236 11000
Rajasthan 241.1 228.3 238.3
Sikkim 21.7 # #
Tamil Nadu 5182.7 6024 5400.4
Tripura 627.1 # #
Uttar Pradesh 13097 10792.1 12202.4
UttaraKhand 582 614 628
West Bengal 15037.2 14881.7 8320
A & N Islands 22.1 # #
D & N Haveli 23.4 # #
Delhi 31.4 # #
Daman & Diu 3.8 # #
Pondicherry 50.8 # #
Others NA 1794.1 1785.4
All India 99182.4 89127.3 80412.3

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