Reading Time: 9 minutesSakshi Sawhney secured All India Rank 6 in Civil Services Examination and has shown true fighting spirit for achieving her goal. Opting to join IAS over the IFS, Sakshi says that the Administrative Service offers a more diverse range of opportunities that are field-based.
Sakshi shared a advice saying that “If you go into the interview room as an IAS officer, you will come out as one.”
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Sakshi belongs to a family with a service background. She is a daughter of an Indian Revenue Services official and her mother is the Principal of a school that caters to the underprivileged children i.e. work as a NGO named ‘Deepalya’. And her sister is a Banker.
Sakshi Sawhney got graduated in BA LLB in 2012 from NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad and was amongst the toppers of her batch with 8 gold medals.
Sakshi opted for Law as her optional paper. Because while studying law she realized that she wanted to use her education for a purpose greater than her own self. That is why she first entertained the idea of joining the Civil Services.
Attempt by Sakshi Sawhney
Sakshi Sawhney made her first attempt in fourth year and decided to write the Civil Services Examination in 2012. She has missed selection due to very low marks in Essay Paper.
In second attempt, she got some encouragement from result of Gitanjali Brandon (AIR 6; CSE 2011) who also achieved success in her second attempt with Law as one of the optional subject and spotted another similarity that she too could not score good marks in her Essay paper in her first attempt.
Gitanjali Brandon’s story acted as emotional and psychological comfort. She also had confidence in her abilities and her sustained efforts helped her replicate the result and achieved 6th rank. Persistence, determination, revision and a positive attitude played a key role all through her preparation.
Swati Sawhney says, “same optional subject Law, success in second attempt, same rank in meritlist…we can call it
coincidence or luck, but, her way to IAS has some resemblance to Gitanjali’s outcome”.
Tips to future Aspirants
- Read the newspaper thoroughly keeping the syllabus in mind and maintain separate notebooks for the notes from the newspapers. Also maintain a glossary page. It will be useful if you do this for every subject.
- Keep yourself motivated through this long journey.
- Try not to focus on the outcome as much as on your work but be positive.
- Constant revision rather than last minute revision will be more beneficial.
Also Read: Sweta Mohanty, IAS Topper Rank 2 of 2011
UPSC Board Interview of Sakshi Sawhney
Sakshi Sawhney: Ma’am may I come in.
Chairperson: Yes. Please do.
Sakshi Sawhney: Good morning Ma’am, sirs (with a big smile). May I take a seat?
Chairperson: Yes. Please be seated.
Chairperson: Is this you (showing photo)? Tell me your roll number.
Chairperson: Name members of the Cat family?
Sakshi: Cat family? Lion, Tiger, Leopard, Panther, Cat itself. Ma’am, I can’t recall any more.
Chairperson: Come on. There are many more. Sounds like a car, shoes?
Sakshi: Oh sorry Ma’am. Jaguar, Puma.
Chairperson: You are forgetting Cheetah, the poor fellow.
Sakshi: Right Ma’am. Cheetah as well.
Chairperson: What book have you read last? Tell me about it.
Sakshi: Ma’am the last book I read was ‘Khaled Hosseni’s and the Mountains Echoed’.
Member 1: Can you tell us the Latin Maxim for no man can be a judge in his own cause?
Member 1: How did you choose law?
Sakshi: Sir I used to read a lot of books where young lawyers armed with a sense of justice and fairness were able to take on seemingly undefeatable perpetrators of injustice. I also noticed how many persons in public life had in fact been lawyers. I realized it would help me empower myself and through me others and therefore I chose law.
Member 1: What books did you read? Perry Mason.
Sakshi: No sir, (Member 1 said I thought you were a reading enthusiast). I read John Grisham and Jeffery Archer.
Member 1: Tell me as a lawyer and not as a woman, how do you see the justice system operating with respect to women?
Sakshi: Sir, there are two things. First, law does not have to be emotional but has to be sensitive to women and thus many changes are being introduced to make justice more accessible to women. For example, women do not go through the same victimization while giving their testimony. Secondly, however, Courts have at times taken decisions that may not be in the spirit of the law, for example – The Shakti Mills death sentence.
Member 1: But then are there no ethics in law?
Sakshi: Sir, certainly there are. But law cannot be emotional. Ethics automatically mean fairness and justice and not emotions. Sensitivity of course is good.
Member 2: You have been an editor of a magazine, what articles have you published recently. Or else what interesting articles from the field of IPR will you recommend to the board?
Sakshi: Sir, I held the position of editor while I was in University so I have not published anything of late. However, there have been many interesting articles appearing in the newspaper with respect to India’s patent regime and how it is a friction point for Indo- US relations.
Member 3: How many years is patent given for? What is patent?
Member 3: What is this special status of J&K?
Member 3: From legal view point do you believe this has helped Kashmir?
Sakshi: Certainly sir, first of all it is the link between the Accession Terms and the Constitution of India. Secondly, it has given more autonomy to the people of Jammu and Kashmir and they have their own Constitution, Criminal Code, etc. this has kept the unique position of J&K in mind.
Member 3: Okay. Have you heard of Women’s Representation Bill. Are you in its favour?
Sakshi: Yes sir. I am certainly in favour of reservation for women in Parliament considering we have amongst the lowest number of women in the Parliament.
Member 3: Yes. So, why has it not been passed?
Sakshi: Sir, I believe there are differences of opinion with the provisions of the Act. I understand there are concerns with respect to the rotation of constituency. But there are many solutions, for example – Dual Member Constituency. The Bill should at least be debated.
Member 3: Do you think in the near future this is possible?
Sakshi: Yes sir, I am very hopeful and optimistic. As a woman voter I have voted keeping this issue in mind. Women have even sent a ‘womanifesto’ which included this as an essential requirement of all political parties and a widespread consensus was seen. SO I am very optimistic.
Member 4: ‘Law is an Ass’, what does it mean?
Sakshi: Sir, Charles Dickens had written that Law is an Ass if it does not operate on the basis of ground reality but rather creates its own legal fiction. If law does this, then it is not being sensitive to what actually exists and may not be a sensible proposition. However, sir I feel we can even look at it in the positive sense that law is an ass because law works hard to keep up with society just like an ass works very hard (Laughter from all).
Member 4: You have done many treks. Can you describe your last trek?
Sakshi: Yes sir, we went on a family trek to Snow View Peak in Nainital last February. It’s called Snow view but even that doesn’t prepare you for the gorgeous sight that appears before you. It was about 3- 4 Kms of a relatively easy trek and thereafter a slightly hard but rewarding climb. Once you reached the top of the peak you could see a vista of beautiful snow clad mountains. It was stunning (Everyone nodding etc).
Member 4: Today a Court decision comes, tomorrow another bench decides something else. So, where is the law?
Sakshi: Sir, precedent is indeed very important. But sometimes if it is blindly followed then it can lead to injustice. For example, there was a case called Mathura rape case wherein Supreme Court gave benefit of immunity to a police officer who had raped a young girl because he was under employment at the time of the incident and Government servants were said to enjoy immunity from prosecution when working in their official capacity. However, sir, this decision was not followed as precedent as it would have led to grave injustice.
At the same time sir I do believe that the Supreme Court specially should strictly follow the rule that only Constitutional benches (5 judge bench and above) can hear questions of public importance, rather than the current practice wherein even 2 judge benches are deciding issues. This will lead to the doctrine of precedent being followed even in the lower Courts.
Member 4: Is retrospective law a good thing?
Sakshi: Sir, it depends. For instance criminal law should not be retrospectively applied but it can be done in civil law. Even in civil law however, for instances such as taxation if applied retrospectively it may not be correct if it greatly prejudices the tax planning. Thereafter there was a discussion between me and M4 on the difference between tax evasion and tax avoidance; the Vodafone case and finally Chairperson stepped in and said okay thank you.
Sakshi Sawhney: Ma’am, is the interview over?
Chairperson: Yes you can go before this debate continues endlessly (everyone was laughing- maybe Member 4 was a tax expert).
Sakshi Sawhney: Right Ma’am, thank you Ma’am and thank you sirs.