- The population of India has increased by more than 181 million during the decade 2001-11.
- Percentage of growth in 2001-11 is 17.64; males 17.19 and female 18.12
- 2001-2011 is the first decade (with the exception of 1911-21) which has actually added lesser population compared to the previous decade.
- Uttar Pradesh (199.5 million) is the most populous State of the country followed by Maharashtra.
- The percentage decadal growth growth rates of the most populous States have declined during 2001-2011 compared to 1991-2001.
1. Uttar Pradesh (25% to 20.09%)
2. Maharashtra (22.73% to 15.99%)
3. Bihar (28.62% to 25.07%)
- During 2001-2011, as many as 25 States/UTs with a share of about 85% of the country’s population registered and annual growth rate of less than 2% as compared to, 15 States/UTs with a share of about 42% during the period 1991-2001.
- The total number of children n the age-group 0-6 is 158.8 million (5 million since 2001).
- Uttar Pradesh (29.7 million), Bihar (18.6 million), Maharashtra (12.8 million), Madhya Pradesh (10.5 million) and Rajasthan (10.5 million) constitute 52% children in the age group of 0-6 years.
- In Census 2011, population of children in the age group 0-6 years registered negative percentage growth (-)3.08% growth with minus (-)2.42 for males and (-)3.80 for females.
- In Census 2011, the proportion of Child Population in the age group of 0-6 years to total population is 13.1 percent while the corresponding figure in 2001 was 15.9 percent. The decline has been to the extent of 2.8 points.
- Overall sex ratio at the national level has increased by 7 points to reach 940 at Census 2011 as against 933 in Census 2001. This is the highest sex ratio recorded since Census 1971 and a shade lower than 1961. Increase in sex ratio is observed in 29 States/UTs.
- Three major States (J&K, Bihar and Gujarat) have shown decline in sex ratio as compared to Census 2001.
- Kerala with 1984 has highest sex ratio followed by Puducherry with 1038, Daman and Diu has the lowest sex ratio 618.
- Child sex ratio of children aged between 0 to 6 years is 914 (national). Increasing trend in the child sex ratio seen in Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Mizoram, and Andaman and Nicobar Island in all remaining 27 States/UTs, the child sex ratio show decline over Census 2001.