China Pakistan Economic Corridor – CPEC Explained

China Pakistan Economic Corridor, popularly known as CPEC, is an ambitious infrastructure development project of Pakistan in partnership with China. It is a part of Chinese One-Belt-One-Road initiative. It includes country-wide rail-road and gas-pipeline network and development of other transit corridor facilities. The project includes the development of a port in Gwadar region, known as Gwadar port; construction of power plants which will generate 4500 MW of electric power.

China Pakistan Economic Corridor Finances

China has included CPEC into its 13th Five Year Plan which proves its importance for China. China has invested a huge sum of 46 billion dollars in Pakistan. The investment is made in the form of highly subsidized interest loan to Pakistan. Out of this, $ 11 billion of this investment will be dedicated to development of countrywide rail-road transit network connecting Chinese Xinjiang city Kashgar to port city Gwadar. A loan of $33 billion will be provided to private consortium under the aegis of China Pakistan Economic Corridor for development of energy generation capacity in Pakistan.

CPEC China Pakistan Economic Corridor Project

Read More: Top 50 Cities of CHINA

Gwadar Port and Gwadar City

The construction of a deep sea port in Gwadar region of Balochistan province started in 2002 and and initial infrastructure construction finished by 2006. Now upgrade and expansion of Port is going on under CPEC agreement. Apart from port China has also granted $230 billion build Gwadar International Airport. Apart from this China is also going to invest $4.5 billion on roads, power, hotels and other infrastructure for the industrial zone as well as other projects in Gwadar city.

Gwadar port is connecting point of Chinese ambitious One Belt One Road project and Maritime Silk Route Project.

Economic Impact on Pakistan

Pakistan views the economic corridor as a game changer in Pakistani economic development. It will generate huge revenue for government, boast private sector and industry, build world class infrastructure, attract foreign direct investment, minimize electricity deficiency to zero, supply of enough gas and oil through proposed pipe lines, create better opportunities of employment,

Pakistan has a chronic energy shortage issue and it requires 4500 MW of electricity to alleviate this crisis. Even best of its cities suffering from long power cuts. Under CPEC has private consortium will develop 10,400 MW energy generating capacity by 2020. Most of these plants are coal based but

Pakistan is critically dependent on CPEC and cannot afford losing it in any case. All government machinery, state functionaries, special agencies, media and even military all are unanimously supporting and focused on guaranteeing the success of this China Pakistan Economic Corridor.

Employment Opportunities in CPEC

The CPEC is considered to generate 7,00,000 new jobs in Pakistan, which is essential for Pakistan today in order to bring their young generation in mainstream.

String of Pearls Policy of China

Gwadar port is also seen as a part of China’s strategic policy to contain India in Indian Ocean known as String of Pearls Policy. U.S. consulting firm Booz Allen Hamilton was first to mention about this geopolitical theory. China is building naval bases in the form of various ports in Indian Ocean. China has been denying about any such strategic interest and claiming it as pure economic projects but facts are contrary to Chinese claim.

According to theory, China has been establishing a network of ports, dubbed the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, extending from their own coastlines through Southeast Asia, the Indian Ocean, the east coast of Africa, and up through the Mediterranean to Greece. China has been working on building 15 ports from Hong Kong to Sudan including Sittwe in Myanmar, Hambantota in Sri Lanka and a Port in Maldives.

string of pearls china cpec

The security concern of India proved to be true when Chinese navy ships came to its Sri Lankan Port, India registered a strong protest against this activity of China in Indian region. With China already building ports in Sri Lanka, Pakistan, the Maldives, and Myanmar, Bangladesh was the last remaining link on a chain that would leave India completely surrounded.

Indian Concern

India has raised its concern to Chinese authorities over construction in Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan occupied Kashmir which is a disputed area between India and Pakistan. Under the aegis of CPEC the Karakoram Highway will be reconstructed and developed to connect China to Pakistan passes through the disputed region.

India was never against CPEC, until Chinese state media started calling Gilgit-Baltistan a Pakistani territory, which is actually a disputed region between India and Pakistan. India believes that a such development projects may address many problems in Pakistan and may bring stability there which is beneficial for the region.

Balochistan Issue and CPEC

Balochistan is least developed province of Pakistan and epicenter of China Pakistan Economic Corridor. Pakistani government has been ignoring the Baloch region since its incorporation into Pakistan. At the time of independence Balochistan was an independent princely state but later Pakistan annexed it. Since its annexation the demand and struggle for independence is going on which is being suppressed from time to time by excessive use of force by Pakistani military by killing thousands. As Balochistan’s Gwadar city is crux of CPEC but people are raising voice against this project. Pakistan need to build install confidence in Baloch people instead of killing them.

You may like to read more:

India & China Relations

Marco Polo : An Italian Travelled China and Far East

Pakistan Transfers Control Of Gwadar Port To China


  1. India is hypocrite in this story, Baluchistan is integral part of Pakistan, few tribal leaders r in the pay of India and r playing their dirty game, before long they will also b part of the majority.
    India is opportunist, was the first country whose founding father persuaded Mountbatten the 1st G..G. to pressurise principly states 2 join India, it did not end there he also forced Radcliffe the man in charge of dividing the country in 2 countries, he favoured India by giving access 2 Kashmir in Gurdaspur, also gave Bikaner salient 2 deny a Muslim area acces 2 Pakistan, it did not end there Calcutta was given 2 India in lieu a fishing port of Chittagong was given 2 Pakistan, story did not end there Rs 500 million part of it’s share from central Govt assets was not paid.

    • a big lol for lack of knowledge buy yourself new history and read it again with facts
      with all due respect you guys should get more information before claiming and accusing any country

    • yeah, you are right, India is hypocrite. Pakistan is a great country. It has given shelter to great humanitarians like osama bin laden and other known world peace workers. Keep talking sir about hypocrisy.

    • You are just an idiot. You called Baluchistan to be integral part of pakistan but never told about their pitty condition of Baluchistan people’s both Chinese and Pakistani army is suppressing their voices and one more thing you guys told India opportunist look at yourself you don’t even have power to protect your territory how could you join princely states. Pakistan have unable to protect what do u called as east pakistan and you say that we are opportunist. People’s of princely states do not want to go with pakistan and you say we are oppurtunist and one more thing don’t try to spread this crap I do have lots of incidents. Mr Siddiqui you guys are always blind you are not going to see your fault and always try to blame India for pakistan.

    • After these projects, Pakistan directly dependent of China , it cannot move before taking permission from China , Later it becomes integral part of China.

      It is real fate of people of Pakistan.

  2. Baluchistan is a part of Pakistan and Baluchs are happy to be Pakistani. There are few elements in Baluchstan area that are, with the support from India, trying to destabilize Pakistan. The arrest of Kulbashan Yadav, an Indian navy spy, from the same area explains the (meager) unrest in the region. Military forces of Pakistan, under the Zarb-e-Azb operation, are cleaning the Country from these Indian sponsored terrorists.

    Strikes against Modi in Baluchistan, after his absurd statement about Baluchistan on 15th August 2016 has made clear that the reality on Baluchistan’s issue is different than that shown by India.

    However, we have never seen any of such support for Indian state from People of Jammu and Kashmir. This is because they are having a sincere and determined freedom movement.


  3. @Rasheed what are you doing in post go to hell with your pakistani attitude and worry about CCS this is no place for your worthless comments.

  4. @rasheed why dont you talk about Gilgit-Baltistan ? It was occupied by Pakistan . Even need development in Pakistan so that stability can prevail in that region but it is being stopped by your politicians . Baluchistan when never really interfered in that area but not the same with your government 70 years still its the same with people being crushed in POK

  5. Pok is constitutionally part of india n will be always n there is no place of gilgit and baltistan in the constitution of Pakistan so therefore china cannot start china Pakistan economic corridor (CPEC) IN THIS REGION.
    So india should protest against this.
    On the other hand china has no rights for trade In Indian ocean,it is unauthorized n illegal.
    And india will get its pok region back,its time will be soon………………readers hope u agree.

  6. The issue is chine expending himself to give bribe to Pakistan . Although who thought Pakistan z a good in charter btr those half Indian Hv to leave India (Hindustan) (u) guys already got notice when parition is done Thn y guys keep eating drinking and living over (Hindu) land ,,before commenting over HINDUS LAND u guys check ur for for fathers were Hindus / (u) r the corrupt breed ..and changed to (Muslim) religion forcefully the left were still pure breed of Hindu do respect them and salut them being stand against any egression

  7. When your Head is burning how can you protect others…..It’s for Indian people ….who don’t know about kashmir……..

  8. Y Arunachal and Kashmir is in strip green colour….isn’t they are part of India???who has drawn a’s pseudo mapping…be logical please..!!!small mistake make a large…be conscious about it..!!!

  9. As it is learnt C.P.E.C. – is a mega project mainly taken by the Republic of China with a view to assistance of Pakistan and to success of the mission she already lays out on a very big amount of money and well, she can it with its 02nd world largest G.D.P. of 1,03,80,380 millions of U.S. Dollars in 2014 and p.c.i. of U.S. Dollar of 11,868. Now, question is, what is the benefit of the China inspite of this big investment of highly subsidised loan to Pakistan which is under covered as China – Pakistan Economic Corridor the C.P.E.C.? Is it there nihilism or only sake of development? No, certainely not. Right ! It is 21st century’s mary time net work chain of 15 nos. Dream Project Of COLONISE Port & Port Area’s certificate of identity and as well as ruling of the China over Arabian Sea, Mediterranean Sea – upto Greece, Eastern Coast of Africa – Yibuti & ofcourse Indian Ocean & it’s surrounding countries. Data Credit : I.M.F.

  10. Baluchistan has been forcefully annexed in Pakistan even Pashtun nation has been annexed , the Imposed Durand line which caused the division of Pashtun/Afghan nation.The Pashtun nation has benn supressed and thousands has been martayed by the Military Jihadi junta of Pakistan.To further weaken the economic growth of Pashtunkhwa and Baluchistan the China Pakistan economic Corridor has been maliciously changed depriving the two provinces and now it is called China Punjab Economic Corridor.The Pashtun nation want independence from Pakistan and want to be united with their historical home i,e Afghanistan.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here