Keeping in mind the serious water crisis which India is undergoing; we, as a people of the country, must know about the water providing freshwater lake which are, in fact, in a way life providing to us. We must always remember a famous saying that the third world war we are going to experience would be fought on “water”.
Major Freshwater Lake in India are:
Wular Lake (Jammu &Kashmir)
It is one of the largest freshwater lake in Asia, and the largest in India, covering a surface area of 30 to 960 sq. km. The lake is 16 km long and 9.6 km wide with a depth of 14 m. This lake, surrounded by huge mountains and forests, consists of green water and is a rich habitat for fish, birds, and wildlife.
Loktak Lake (Manipur)
It is the largest freshwater lake in the northeastern India covering a surface area of 287 sq. km The lake is 95 km long , 13 km wide and 4.6 m deep. It is often termed as floating lake and has been a great source of economy. It serves as a source of water for hydropower generation, irrigation, drinking water supply, and wildlife.
Damdama Lake (Haryana)
It is one of the biggest natural freshwater Lake with an area of 12.14 sq. km. It is also home for birds; more than 190 species of birds, migratory, as well as local, visit here throughout the year.
Dal Lake (Srinagar)
It is the most beautiful freshwater Lake in Kashmir and is surrounded by natural beauty, landscape, and water bodies. It covers an area of 18-22 sq. km. The lake is 7.44 km long, 3.5 km wide and a 6 m deep. The lake is also equipped with lotus, lilies which add beauty to this lake that is also a bird’s paradise.
Gurudongmar Lake (Sikkim)
One of the highest freshwater lake in Sikkim and amongst the 15 uppermost in the world this lake located at an altitude of 17,000 ft. It covers a surface area of 1.17 sq. km. It is a lake that is considered sacred by both the Buddhists and the Sikhs.
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Chilka Lake (Orissa)
It is one of the largest freshwater lake (brackish), covering an area of 1,100 sq. km, in Asia. This pear shaped lagoon is considered as Asia’s largest salt water lagoon. The lake is 64.3 km long and 4.2 m deep. It is paradise for the migratory birds. Primary inflow for the Chilka Lake is 52 streams including the Bhargavi, Daya, Makra, Malaguti and Luna rivers and the primary outflow is the old mouth at Arakhakuda, new mouth at Satapada to the Bay of Bengal.
Vembanad Lake (Kerala)
It is the largest brackish lagoon that covers an area of 2033 sq. km. The lake is 96.5 km long, 14 km wide and 12 m deep. The Lake also hosts the longest railway bridges of India, named as Vembanad Rail Bridge.
Bhimtal Lake (Uttrakhand)
The freshwater lake is named after second Pandava name Bhima. Surrounded by Kumaon hills the lake is considered as the largest that covers a surface area of 118 acres. The beauty is enhanced by a small island surrounded by crystal blue water. The lake provides drinking water supply and supports aquaculture with the variety of fish species.
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Upper Lake (Bhopal)
It is the largest artificial freshwater lake in Asia, formerly known as Bhojtal, that covers a surface area of 31 sq. km. The lake is 31.5 km long and 5 km wide. It is a major source of drinking water for the residents of the city as it serves around 40% of the residents.
Pichola Lake (Udaipur)
An artificial freshwater lake, it was created in the year 1362 AD. The lakes around Udaipur were primarily created by building dams to meet the requirements of the drinking water and irrigation of the city and its neighbourhood. It covers a surface area of 6.96 sq. km. The Lake is 4 km long, 3 km wide and approximately 8.5 m deep.