Fundamental Rights incorporated in Constitution of India: There are some Fundamental Rights incorporated in Constitution of India. They are:
Right to Equality
Equality before the law and equal protection of the law.
Prohibition of discrimination on grounds on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
End of untouchability
Abolition of titles. Military and academic distinctions are, however, exempted.
Right to Freedom
It guarantees the citizen of India the following six fundamental freedoms:
(a) Freedom of Speech and Expression.
(b) Freedom of Assembly
(c) Freedom to form Association
(d) Freedom of Movement
(e) Freedom of Residence and Settlement
(f) Freedom of Profession, Occupation, Trade, and Business
Protection in respect of conviction for offences.
Protection of life and personal liberty.
Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.
Right Against Exploitation
Traffic in human beings prohibited.
No child below the age of 14 can be employed.
Right to freedom of Religion
Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.
Freedom to manage religious affairs
Prohibits taxes on religious grounds.
Freedom as to attendance at religious ceremonies in certain educational institutions.
Cultural and Educational Rights
Protection of interests of minorities.
Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
Omitted by 44th Amendment Act.
Right to Constitutional Remedies
The right to move the Supreme Court in the case of their violation (called Soul and Heart of the Constitution by B R Ambedkar).
To enforce the Fundamental Rights incorporated in Constitution of India, the Supreme Curt is empowered under Article 32 to issue writs of various forms.
Habeas Corpus: Literally means ‘to have the body’. Implies that a person imprisoned or detained by the law can enquire under what authority he has been imprisoned or detained.
Mandamus: Literally means ‘command’ issued by the court commanding a person or a public authority to do or forbear to do something in the nature of public duty.
Quo Warranto: An order issued by the court to prevent a person from holding office to which he is not entitled and to oust him from that office.
Certiorari: It is a writ, which orders the removal of a suit from an inferior court to a superior court (for speedy justice).
Prohibition: y a higher court to stop proceedings in a lower court on the ground of over-stepping of jurisdiction or isolation of the rules of natural justice.