General Geography Compendium – Earth

  1. Shape of Earth can be best described as — Geoid
  2. Earth’s rotational velocity at equator is — 1690 km/hr
  3. A solar day is greater than a sidereal day by — 4 minute
  4. Point in the orbit of Moon when it’s farthest from Earth — Apogee
  5. Each degree of latitude equals — 111 km
  6. A person crossing International Date Line from East to West — loses one day
  7. The sun is vertically overhead at the equator on — March 21st (spring equinox)
  8. Prime cause behind EarthquakesDislocation along fault
  9. Elements constituting Earths crust — Oxygen (46.1%), Silicon (28%), Aluminium (8%), Iron (5%)
  10. Mumbai is 18.55 degree north of the equator. Distance wise it equals — 2059 km
  11. Point on Earth’s surface vertically above the seismic focus — Epicenter
  12. Circum-Pacific belt is called Ring of Fire because — 80% of volcanic activity of Earth is there
  13. When it’s noon in London, the local time for a place 90 degree west of it will be — 6 am
  14. Lighthouse of the Mediterranean — Mt. Stromboli
  15. Earth’s interior has a layered structure because of — density differentiation
  16. The intensity of earthquake wave is recorded by — seismograph
  17. Continental Drift Theory was given by — Alfred Wegenor
  18. Meridian accepted as the Indian Standard Time — 82 1/2 degree east
  19. A meteoric crater lake found in India — Lohar in Maharashtra
  20. Mohorovicic discontinuity separates — Crust and Mantle
  21. Gigantic seismic sea-waves are called — Tsunami
  22. Earth’s tilted axis causes — Season
  23. Hardest mineral — Diamond, and softest mineral — talc
  24. Theory that considers Earth’s lithosphere as fractured along several faults — Tectonic Plate
  25. Seismic wave transverse in nature which does not pass through molten outer core — s wave
  26. Gutenberg discontinuity separates — mantle and core
  27. Theory that explains Earthquakes — elastic rebound theory
  28. Earth’s magnetic north and south poles are located on — Prince of Wales Island in North Canada
  29. Layer beneath the lithosphere capable of flowing under stress — Asthenosphere
  30. IST is ahead of GMT by — 5 hrs 30 minutes
  31. Line joining places that experience earthquake at the same time — Homo seismal line
  32. The only active volcano in India — Barron, Andaman, and Nicobar
  33. Seismic wave that causes maximum destruction — L wave
  34. The antipodal point of 10 degrees North 125 degree East is — 10 degrees South 55 degree West
  35. The equatorial bulge on Earth is due to — centrifugal force
  36. Magnitude of an earthquake is measured on — Richter Scale
  37. Earth is round was first theorised by — Plato
  38. The recent earthquake in Gujarat occurred due to — dislocation along all Allahbund fault in Sindh, Pakistan

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