The Centrally administered scheme Project Tiger was launched in April, 1973 with the objective “to ensure maintenance of a viable population of Tigers in India for scientific, economic, aesthetic, cultural and ecological values, and to preserve to all times, areas of biological importance as a national heritage for the benefit, education and enjoyment of the people”.
- Amendment of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 for providing enabling provisions for constitution of the ‘ National Tiger Conservation Authority ’ and the ‘Tiger and Other Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau’.
- Enhancement of punishment in case of an offence relating to a tiger reserve or its core area. Strengthening of anti-poaching activities, including the special strategy for monsoon patrolling, by providing funding support to the Tiger Reserve States, as proposed by them, for deployment of anti-poaching squads involving ex-army personnel/home guards, apart from workforce comprising of the local people, in addition to strengthening of communication/wireless facilities.
- Constitution of the National Tiger Conservation Authority with effect from 4 September 2006, for strengthening tiger conservation by, inter alia, ensuring normative standards in tiger reserve management, preparation of reserve specific tiger conservation plan, laying down annual audit report before Parliament, constituting State level Steering Committees under the Chairmanship of Chief Ministers and establishment of Tiger Conservation Foundation.
- Constitution of a multidisciplinary Tiger and Other Endangered Species Crime control Bureau (Wildlife Crime Control Bureau) with effect from 6 June 2007 to effectively control illegal trade in wildlife.
Read Also: World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
- Biligiri Ranganatha Swami Temple Sanctuary (Karnataka)
- Pilibhit (Uttar Pradesh)
- Ratapani (Madhya Pradesh)
- Sunabeda (Odisha) and
- Mukundara Hills (including Darrah, Jawahar Sagar, and Chambal wildlife Sanctuaries)(Rajasthan)
- Bor (Maharashtra)
- Suhelwa (Uttar Pradesh)
- Nagzira-Navegaon (Maharashtra) and
- Satyamangalam (Tamil Nadu)