Today in History – 1 July

today in history 1 july

1781

British troops defeated Hyder Ali’s progress. He was checked by Eyree Coote after the battle of Porto Novo and becamed subdued.

1821

Daily newspaper ‘Mumbai Samachar’ was published.

1852

For the first time in Asia, Postal Stamp for the general public was issued by Sindh Province in Karachi.

1856

In south, the first line was opened by the Madras Railway Company. It ran between Veyasarpandy and Walajah Road (Arcot), a distance of 63 miles.

1862

Calcutta High Court was established for West Bengal and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. This Court has a Circuit Bench at Port Blair.

1879

Post Card of one paisa was started in India by the Post and Telegraph Department.

1909

Madanlal Dhingra, revolutionary, assassinated Sir William Curzon Wyllie, a prominent Anglo-Indian, at the Imperial Institute in London.

1927

Chandrashekhar, former Prime Minister of India, was born.

1947

Independence of India Bill passed.

1947

British Parliament passes the India Independence Act and fixes August 15 for the transfer of power.

1952

Olympic Games opened at Helsinki.

1955

Imperial Bank of India was inaugurated and was renamed as State Bank of India.

1961

Kalpana Chawla, the first Indian women astronaut (STS 87), was born in Karnal.

1962

Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, great leader, veteran nationalist, politician, professor, physician and architect, passed away.

1964

Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) was established.

1965

Meerut University was established.

1968

Asia’s biggest nuclear research lab started in New Delhi.

1975

Indira Gandhi, then Prime Minister of India, declared a 20-point economic programme.

1982

MGR inaugurates Tamil Nadu’s noon meal programme for poor children.

1984

Ravishankar Maharaj, freedom fighter and national leader of the country, died at the age of 101.

1989

Yashvantrao Chavan Open University was established.

1991

Rupee devalued by 8.5%.

1992

Central Railway started special train for ladies in Mumbai.

1992

Major changes in Exim policy-farming and repacking included under the definition of ‘manufacturer’.

1997

Prime Minister inaugurated India’s first Science City in Calcutta.

1997

Voluntary Disclosure of Income Scheme 97 (VDIS) comes into effect.

1999

The Rashtriya Janata Party (RJP) of Shankersinh Waghela merges with Congress(I).

1999

Two leaders of Hindu Makkal Katchi (HMK) are detained under National Security Act (NSA).

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