Today in History – 10 August

1581

Akbar, great Mughal Emperor, won Kabul.

1758

Marathas won the Atak.

1776

On this day in 1776, news reached London that the Americans had drafted the Declaration of Independence.

1793

After more than two centuries as a royal palace, the Louvre was opened as a public museum in Paris by the French revolutionary government. Today, the Louvre’s collection is one of the richest in the world, with artwork and artifacts representative of 11,000 years of human civilization and culture.

1821

Missouri entered the Union as the 24th state–and be the first located entirely west of the Mississippi River.

1860

Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, the great architect of the renaissance of Hindustani music and who played a vital role in giving re-birth to North Indian classical music, was born at Balukeshwar, Maharashtra.

1877

Amanda McFarland, a dedicated Presbyterian missionary, became the first white woman to settle at Fort Wrangell, Alaska.

1894

Varahagiri Venkata Giri, the fourth former President of India, was born at Berhampur in Orissa. He was one of the patriarchs of Trade Union Movement of India.

1927

Manali Kallat Vainu Bappu, first Indian astronomer, litterateur and Urdu poet, was born at Madras.

1930

In the ‘Gandhi Cap Case’ in Guntur, the magistrate prohibited wearing of Gandhi caps within a five-mile radius of the town.

1945

On this day in 1945, just a day after the bombing of Nagasaki, Japan submited its acquiescence to the Potsdam Conference terms of unconditional surrender, as President Harry S. Truman ordered a halt to atomic bombing.

1948

Atomic Energy Commission established.

1949

President Harry S. Truman signed the National Security Bill, which established the Department of Defense. As the Cold War heated up, the Department of Defense became the cornerstone of America’s military effort to contain the expansion of communism.

1979

Rohini Technology Payload (RTP) intended for measuring in-flight performance of first experimental flight of SLV-3, the first Indian Space launch vehicle, failed to be placed in orbit.

1989

Panchayatraj’ and ‘Nagarpalika’ bills were passed in Parliament‘s Lok Sabha.

1993

A rare collision of three ships in Tampa Bay, Florida, resulted in a spill of 336,000 gallons of fuel oil on this day in 1993. Fortunately, a combination of favorable weather conditions and preparedness kept the damage to a minimum.

2000

Parliament approved the Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Bill to create a hilly state of Uttaranchal.

2003

On this day in 2003, the United Kingdom recorded its first-ever temperature over 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Throughout the month, an intense heat wave scorched the European continent, claiming more than 35,000 lives.

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