Chhatrapati Shivaji killed Afzal Khan near Pratapgarh Fort. Afzal Khan was general of Adilshahi forces. Battle of Pratapgarh was the first significant military victory against a major regional power and led to the eventual establishment of the Maratha Empire.
East India Company purchased Calcutta, which had not more than a village at that time.
Birth of Tipu Sultan (Sultan Fateh Ali Sahab Tipu). He was the eldest son of Sultan Haidar Ali of Mysore.
Birth of the U.S. Marine Corps
Surendranath Banerji, popularly known as Rashtraguru, was born at Taltala, Calcutta. He passed his final ICS Examination in 1869 and joined in 1871, He was President of the Indian National Congress twice, in 1895 at Pune and in 1902 at Ahmedabad.
The formal inauguration of the new North-West Frontier Province created out of the Punjab.
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk passed away at Istanbul.
Foundation stone laid for the Ram Janambhoomi temple at Ayodhya.