today in history 11 november

1675

Aurangzeb executes Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur thus beginning the Sikh-Muslim feud that continues to this day.

1793

English pioneer missionary William Carey, 32, reached Calcutta five months after setting sail for India. Later, Carey founded the Baptist Missionary Society, the first of the British Protestant missions agencies.

1888

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, freedom fighter, was born in Mecca. He was an outspoken champion of rationalism and progressiveness in all spheres of Indian life.

Acharya Kripalani, nationalist and member of the Parliament, was born at Hyderabad, Sind.

1913

Gandhi sentenced to nine months’ imprisonment in South Africa.

1918

World War I ends

1921

Gandhi urges Hindus to remove the statue of ex-Viceroy Lord Lawrence.

1958

Inauguration of ‘Indian’, first one in Indian Explosive Ltd’s factory at Gomia.

1991

Supreme Court declares the Anti-Defection Law as constitutional but holds that decisions of Presiding Officers under the law could be subjected to judicial review.

2007

Led by Google, 34 companies established the Open Handset Alliance to develop open standards for mobile devices, leading to the development of the Android operating system. (Officially announced on 5th Nov.)

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