Today in History – 13 April

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today in history 13 april

1699

Khalsa Panth established.

1772

Warren Hastings, who became the president of their Bengal Council, was appointed in the court of Directors of the East India Company.

1796

The first elephant was brought to America from Bengal, India.

1919

Jallianwala Bagh massacre. The great Indian tragedy occured in Amritsar which claimed 389 lives and wounded 1,516 activitists fighting for Indian independence. Early in 1919, the Rowlatt Act (Black Act) was passed. This authorized the Government to imprison any person without any trial and conviction in a court of law. This furious act was under the guidence of cruel Brigedier General R. E. H. Dyer and his 50 men troop. Michael O’ Dwyer was then the Governor of Punjab who naturally defended the action. This day is observed as Jallianwala Baug Day.

1947

Diplomatic relations between India and Russia established.

1948

Bhuvaneshwar became the capital of Orissa.

1982

Pandit Parmanand, founder member of `Gather Party’, passed away.

1984

Kerala Government drops Silent Valley Project and declares the entire area a national park.

1988

Mother Teresa asks Margret Thatcher for help to set up a hostel for London’s elderly homeless in UK.

1997

21-year-old Tiger Woods wins the prestigious Masters Tournament by a record 12 strokes in Augusta, Georgia. It was Woods’ first victory in one of golf’s four major championships–the U.S. Open, the British Open, the PGA Championship, and the Masters–and the greatest performance by a professional golfer in more than a century.

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