Today in History – 14 November

1681

East India Company declared Bengal as a seperate presidency.

1889

Jawaharlal Nehru, first Prime Minister of India, was born. To commemorate his birthday, this day is observed as ‘Children’s Day’ from 1957.

1908

Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light

1915

Tomáš Masaryk demands independence for Czechoslovakia

1918

Republic of Czechoslovakia created with Tomáš Masaryk as its 1st president

Eight Language panel were started on the Rs. five denomination again. The printing colour of note was red. These languages were Urdu, Telugu, Kaithi, Tamil, Bengali, Kannada, Burmese and Gujarati.

1922

BBC begins daily radio broadcasts from the 2LO transmitter at Marconi House

1935

Nazis deprive German Jews of their citizenship

1955

Employees’ State Insurance Corporation was inaugurated by the President.

1959

Nehru rejects China’s proposal for a mutual withdrawal of troops from a border buffer zone.

1965

US government sends 90,000 soldiers to Vietnam

1968

First European lung transplant

Yale University announces it is going co-educational

1969

Jawaharlal Nehru University inaugurated in New Delhi.

1972

Dow Jones closes above 1,000 for 1st time (1003.16) ( now in 2017 above 23,500)

1990

Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

1993

Former Finance Minister Yashwant Sinha, who quit JD, joins BJP.

2001

War in Afghanistan: Afghan Northern Alliance fighters takeover the capital Kabul.

2001

“Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” the 1st film adaptation of the books by J. K. Rowling, is released starring Daniel Radcliffe

2008

Italy plunges into recession, its first since the start of 2005, after GDP contracts a steeper-than-expected 0.5% in the third quarter.

Hong Kong becomes the second Asian economy to tip into recession, its exports hit by weakening global demand.

Eurozone officially slips into recession for the first time since its creation in 1999, pushed down by recessions in Germany and Italy.

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