today in history 18 april

1336

The famous Vijaynagar Hindu Empire established (1336-1565-1646), Deccan region of South India is founded. European visitors are overwhelmed by the wealth and advancement of its 17-square-mile capital.

1612

Marriage of Shahjahan and Mumtaj Mahal.

1859

Tatya Tope (his original name was Ramchandra Raghunath Tope) a leader of Sepoy Mutiny, was captured in April, courtmarshalled and hanged at Sivpuri for 1857 Indian Mutiny.

1898

Damodar Hari Chapekar, India’s first revolutionary, was hanged in the Yervada Central Jail. He was punished for killing the Rand and Ayrest British Officials.

1906

An earthquake estimated at close to 8.0 on the Richter scale strikes San Francisco, California, killing hundreds of people as it topples numerous buildings. The quake was caused by a slip of the San Andreas Fault over a segment about 275 miles long, and shock waves could be felt from southern Oregon down to Los Angeles.

1917

Gandhi saw one of his testing grounds of Satyagraha in Champaran. He defied section 144 of Criminal Act.

1918

Amboo alias Lalita Pawar was born in Indore. She will be always remembered as the a leading film actress and character artist. Her first film was ‘Ganimi Kawa’ (1928). Some of the other films of silent era are Shri Balaji, Bhimsen, Champion of the Sward, Chatur Sunderi, Goodbye Marriage, Flaming Soul, Kailash.

1931

Lord Willingdon took over as the Viceroy of India.

1956

India, Indonesia, Burma, Ceylon and Pakistan meet in New Delhi to reaffirm their faith in Bandung Principles.

1959

India, Pakistan sign one-year pact on Indus River irrigation.

1959

Premier Chou En-lai insists Tibetan Dalai Lama was abducted to India.

1971

Air India’s first Jumbo Jet Plane passenger Boeing 747 named ‘Emperor Samrat Ashok’ was landed on Santacruz Airport at Bombay.

1991

Kerala declared the first fully literate state in the country.

2000

The Board of Control for Cricket in India adopts a six-point code of conduct for the players.

2014

16 Nepali mountaineering guides, most of them ethnic Sherpas, are killed by an avalanche on Mt. Everest, the Earth’s highest mountain. It was the single deadliest accident in the history of the Himalayan peak, which rises more than 29,000 feet above sea level.

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