The great fire erupted in Rome spreading rapidly throughout the market area in the center of the city and destroyed much of the city on this day in the year 64. When the flames finally died out, more than a week later, nearly two-thirds of Rome had been destroyed.
Joannes Camphuys, Governor General of Dutch-Indies (1684-91), was born and died at the age of 61 on this day.
On this day in 1792, the Revolutionary War naval hero John Paul Jones died in his Paris apartment, where he was still awaiting a commission as the United States consul to Algiers. Commander Jones, remembered as one of the most daring and successful naval commanders of the American Revolution
The Calcutta, Mumbai and Madras Universities were established.
Fourteen thousand mill workers went on strike at Bombay.
Vishnu Dey, Gyanpeeth awardee and famous Bengali poet, was born.
Seven months after being released from Landsberg jail, Nazi leader Adolf Hitler published the first volume of his personal manifesto, Mein Kampf. Dictated by Hitler during his nine-month stay in prison, Mein Kampf, or “My Struggle,” was a bitter and turgid narrative filled with anti-Semitic outpourings, disdain for morality, worship of power, and the blueprints for his plan of Nazi world domination. The autobiographical work soon became the bible of Germany’s Nazi Party.
On July 18, 1936, the Spanish Civil War began as a revolt by right-wing Spanish military officers in Spanish Morocco and spread to mainland Spain.
On this day in 1940, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who first took office in 1933 as America’s 32nd president, was nominated for an unprecedented third term. Roosevelt, a Democrat, would eventually be elected to a record four terms in office, the only U.S. president to serve more than two terms.
Indian Independence Act, signed by King George VI, was proclaimed as Indian Freedom Act, 1947.
On this day in 1947, President Harry S. Truman signed the Presidential Succession Act. This act revised an older succession act that was passed in 1792 during George Washington’s first term.
Second Experimental launch of Space Launch Vehicle -3 (SLV-3) by Indian made 35 kilogram Rohini satellite (RS-1) successfully placed in orbit. It was used for measuring in-flight performance of second experimental launch of SLV-3. The launch took from Sriharikota and India became the sixth nation to put a satellite into orbit.
Madras Doordashan Centre transmitted their first colour transmission for one hour in the afternoon, and this programme was re-transmitted simultaneously by Delhi Doordarshan, India.