Today in History – 19 November

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1835

Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi was born in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. She was named Manikarnika and was called ‘Manu’.

1838

Keshab Chandra Sen (1838-84), nationalist leader of Bengal, was born in Calcutta. He was one of the first Indians to sow the seeds of secularism in the country. He joined the Brahmo Samaj in 1857 but seperated from it in 1866 and founded Brahma Samaj of India, a radical offshoot of the Adi Brahmo Samaj.

1917

Indira (Pridarshani) Gandhi, the first Indian Lady Prime Minister, was born in Allahabad. She was the only child of Jawharlal Nehru and took active participation in freedom fight by forming “”Vanar Sena”” (a team of young detectives). She lead India in a successful war against Pakistan to seperate East and West Pakistans and establish the nation of Bangladesh.

1962

Nehru asks more US aid as China drives into India in New Delhi.

1969

Brazil’s Pele became the first man to score 1000 goals in competitive football.

1978

Gavaskar gets twin cricket tons for India for second time.

1991

Two national commissions on women set up.

1994

Aishwarya Rai, selected ‘Miss World’ at the age of 21 in the beauty contest held at the 44th convention at Sun City, South Africa .

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