Today in History – 20 March

today in history 20 march

1351

Muhammad Tughluq Shah II passed away at Sindh.

1602

United East India Company of the Netherlands i.e. Dutch East India Company was chartered by States-General of Holland. During its 96-year history, it became one of the world’s most powerful companies.

1904

Charles Freer Andrews came to India as a Christian Missionary and joined the staff of St. Stephen’s College in Delhi.

1920

Usha Mehta, freedom fighter, was born at Satara. Her name is closely attached with freedom movement via Bombay Radio, as she and Babubhai Prasad and Vitthalbhai Zaveri founded this Radio and started motivating people of India with their telecasts.

1925

Marquess Curzon of Kedleston died this morning at age 66 from complications following an operation. Long a kingpin of the Conservative party, Lord Curzon spent 40 years in public life, serving as Viceroy and Governor General of India and, at the end of his career, as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. Though he came close to becoming prime minister in 1923, his aristocratic past militated against him in an era which nominated leaders from the House of Commons. He twice wed US women and enjoyed fame as an author of books about politics and his own travels.

1926

For the first time in the history of the competition, Scotland beats England for rugby’s Calcutta Cup in London.

1959

For the first time, officials of the Indian government confirmed reports of widespread resistance to the Chinese occupying forces in Tibet. Open warfare erupted in the capital city of Lhasa.

1970

Establishment of Muslim Satyashodhak Samaj.

1977

General Election (6th) of India ends. First time Indian National Congress Party lost in India.

1992

Satyajit Ray, veteran film producer and director, was presented the ‘Bharat Ratna’ Award at Calcutta.

1997

Maharashtra (like H.P.) proposes to make carrying for aged parents mandatory.

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