Today in History – 21 November

1517

Ibrahim Lodi (1517-26) succeeded the throne of Delhi, after the death of his father Sikandar Lodi.

1791

Colonel Napoléon Bonaparte is promoted to General and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the French Republic.

1818

Russia’s Tsar Alexander I petitions for a Jewish state in Palestine.

1877

Thomas Edison announces his “talking machine” invention (phonograph), the 1st machine to play and record sound

1906

China prohibits the opium trade

1921

Prince of Wales visited India and Congress observed all India strike.

1947

First postal stamp of indepedent India of three and half annas denomination was started. Major General Cariappa took over from Lieutenant General Sir Francies Tulker as the Army Commander, Eastern Command, in the rank of Lieutenant General. General Hafez al-Assad becomes Prime Minister of Syria following military coup

1963

First sounding rocket launched from Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS). Thus started India’s space programme.

1971

Rebellion in East Pakistan (formerly Bengal). Ten million Bengalis flee to India. Indo-Pak border clashes escalate to war. India defeats West Pakistan. E. Pakistan becomes independent Bangladesh.

Battle of Garibpur: Indian troops aided by Mukti Bahini (Bengali guerrillas) defeat the Pakistan army

1991

R. Nagarajan, former Tamil Nadu Home Secretary, arrested for harbouring LTTE militants.

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