The Sultan, losing his hold over the army and some members of his aristocracy, very wisely abdicated in favour of his brother Ahmad, who is famous in Deccan history as Ahmad Shah Wali.
24 merchants gathered in London’s Founder Hall under the auspices of Lord Mayor to start a new company with a share captial in India.
Aurangzeb ended Kutubshah kingdom.
Office of Postmaster General is created under the Treasury Department.
Race riots in Atlanta, Georgia leave 21 people dead.
Xavier University, the first African-American Catholic college, opens in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Gandhi meets Charlie Chaplin in London.
The last contingent of Indian freedom fighters was send to Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
Junko Tabei, Japanese mountain climber; first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest, was born.
Maulana Abdul Ali Maududi, founder of Jamat-E-Islami, died.
Israel conducts nuclear test at Indian Ocean.
The Iran-Iraq War begins as Iraq invades Iran; lasting until August 1988, it was the longest conventional war of the 20th century.
PM announces Government’s decision to drop Defamation Bill.
Indo-British Extradition Treaty signed in London;
India asks Pakistan to prevent the reported attempt by the JKLF to cross the Line of Control (LOC) on October 4.