Today in History – 23 May

today in history 23 may

1701

At London’s Execution Dock, British privateer William Kidd, popularly known as Captain Kidd, was hanged for piracy and murder.

1805

Lord Wellesley, Governer General of India, issued a permanent provision for the Delhi Mughal Emperor.

1810

Writer and editor Margaret Fuller, who inspired other Americans to devote themselves to learning, was born on this day.

1895

Shivprasad Sitar-E-Hind passed away.

1900

Sergeant William Harvey Carney was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his bravery on July 18, 1863, while fighting for the Union’s cause as a member of the 54th Massachusetts Colored Infantry. He was the first African American to receive the Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military honor.

1903

Gemini Roy, famous Painter, joined Government School of Arts and Crafts at Calcutta.

1911

In a ceremony presided over by President William Howard Taft, the New York Public Library, the largest marble structure ever constructed in the United States, was dedicated in New York City. Occupying a two-block section of Fifth Avenue between 40th and 42nd Streets, the monumental beaux-arts structure took 14 years to complete at a cost of $9 million. The day after its dedication, the library opened its doors to the public, and some 40,000 citizens passed through to make use of a collection that already consisted of more than a million books.

1914

The British India Steamship Co. and the Peninsular and Oriental Steamship Co. announced their amalgamation at London.

1915

On this day in 1915, Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary, entering World War I on the side of the Allies—Britain, France and Russia. When World War I broke out in the summer of 1914, Italy declared itself neutral in the conflict, despite its membership in the so-called Triple Alliance alongside Germany and Austria-Hungary since 1882.

1931

Sharad Joshi, famous Hindi poet, playwright and journalist, was born.

1947

The U.K. Cabinet today took the historic step of agreeing to Lord Mountbatten’s proposal for the partition of India into two states, one Muslim and the other Hindu. The Viceroy was to have a series of talks with Lord Listowel, the Secretary for India.

1967

South Gujrat University was established.

1975

P. S. Bapat, victoria cross winner Lieutenant General, passed away.

1984

Bachendri Pal, an employee of Tata Iron and Steel Co. Limited at Jamshedpur, conquered the summit of Mount Everest to become the first Indian woman and the fifth women in the world to achieve this feat.

1995

TADA expires and new Anti-Terrorists Activities Law proposed. Criminal Law Amendment Bill, 1995, voting put off; Lok Sabha passes Finance Bill 1995.

1996

1995-96 deficit touched a new high at Rs.19,855 crore.

1949

The Federal Republic of Germany (popularly known as West Germany) was formally established as a separate and independent nation. This action marked the effective end to any discussion of reuniting East and West Germany.

1960

A tsunami caused by an earthquake off the coast of Chile traveled across the Pacific Ocean and killed 61 people in Hilo, Hawaii, on this day in 1960. The massive 8.5-magnitude quake had killed thousands in Chile the previous day.

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