At London’s Execution Dock, British privateer William Kidd, popularly known as Captain Kidd, was hanged for piracy and murder.
Writer and editor Margaret Fuller, who inspired other Americans to devote themselves to learning, was born on this day.
Shivprasad Sitar-E-Hind passed away.
Sergeant William Harvey Carney was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his bravery on July 18, 1863, while fighting for the Union’s cause as a member of the 54th Massachusetts Colored Infantry. He was the first African American to receive the Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military honor.
Gemini Roy, famous Painter, joined Government School of Arts and Crafts at Calcutta.
In a ceremony presided over by President William Howard Taft, the New York Public Library, the largest marble structure ever constructed in the United States, was dedicated in New York City. Occupying a two-block section of Fifth Avenue between 40th and 42nd Streets, the monumental beaux-arts structure took 14 years to complete at a cost of $9 million. The day after its dedication, the library opened its doors to the public, and some 40,000 citizens passed through to make use of a collection that already consisted of more than a million books.
The British India Steamship Co. and the Peninsular and Oriental Steamship Co. announced their amalgamation at London.
On this day in 1915, Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary, entering World War I on the side of the Allies—Britain, France and Russia. When World War I broke out in the summer of 1914, Italy declared itself neutral in the conflict, despite its membership in the so-called Triple Alliance alongside Germany and Austria-Hungary since 1882.
Sharad Joshi, famous Hindi poet, playwright and journalist, was born.
The U.K. Cabinet today took the historic step of agreeing to Lord Mountbatten’s proposal for the partition of India into two states, one Muslim and the other Hindu. The Viceroy was to have a series of talks with Lord Listowel, the Secretary for India.
South Gujrat University was established.
P. S. Bapat, victoria cross winner Lieutenant General, passed away.
Bachendri Pal, an employee of Tata Iron and Steel Co. Limited at Jamshedpur, conquered the summit of Mount Everest to become the first Indian woman and the fifth women in the world to achieve this feat.
TADA expires and new Anti-Terrorists Activities Law proposed. Criminal Law Amendment Bill, 1995, voting put off; Lok Sabha passes Finance Bill 1995.
1995-96 deficit touched a new high at Rs.19,855 crore.
The Federal Republic of Germany (popularly known as West Germany) was formally established as a separate and independent nation. This action marked the effective end to any discussion of reuniting East and West Germany.
A tsunami caused by an earthquake off the coast of Chile traveled across the Pacific Ocean and killed 61 people in Hilo, Hawaii, on this day in 1960. The massive 8.5-magnitude quake had killed thousands in Chile the previous day.