Today in History – 26 July

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today in history 26 july

1614

Jahangir captured Mewar from Rana Amar Singh. A treaty was signed in the Mughal court, Rana and his son were treated with exceptional courtesy.

1775

On this day in 1775, the U.S. postal system was established by the Second Continental Congress, with Benjamin Franklin as its first postmaster general.

1847

The Republic of Liberia, formerly a colony of the American Colonization Society, declared its independence. Under pressure from Britain, the United States hesitantly accepted Liberian sovereignty, making the West African nation the first democratic republic in African history.

1863

Confederate cavalry leader John Hunt Morgan and 360 of his men were captured at Salineville, Ohio, during a spectacular raid on the North.

1874

Rajarshi Shahu Chhatrapati, great revolutionary freedom fighter and social reformer, was born.

1908

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) was founded when U.S. Attorney General Charles Bonaparte ordered a group of newly hired federal investigators to report to Chief Examiner Stanley W. Finch of the Department of Justice. One year later, the Office of the Chief Examiner was renamed the Bureau of Investigation, and in 1935 it became the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

1931

A swarm of grasshoppers descended on crops throughout the American heartland, devastating millions of acres. Iowa, Nebraska and South Dakota, already in the midst of a bad drought, suffered tremendously from this disaster.

1933

Gandhiji went back to Sabarmati Ashram after his release from jail.

1945

In the 11th hour of World War II, Winston Churchill was forced to resign as British prime minister following his party’s electoral defeat by the Labour Party.

1947

President Harry S. Truman signed the National Security Act, which became one of the most important pieces of Cold War legislation. The act established much of the bureaucratic framework for foreign policymaking for the next 40-plus years of the Cold War.

1956

The Suez Crisis began when Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalizeed the British and French-owned Suez Canal.

2000

The Centre imposed a ban on employing children below 14 years as domestic servants by all Government employees in the All India services at the insistence of the NHRC.

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