On this very day in 4977 B.C., according to German mathematician and astronomer Johannes Kepler, considered a founder of modern science,the universe was created. Kepler is best known for his theories explaining the motion of planets.
The British Parliament passed the Tea Act, a bill designed to save the faltering East India Company from bankruptcy by greatly lowering the tea tax it paid to the British government and, thus, granting it a de facto monopoly on the American tea trade.
Babur Shah was declared as the Emperor of Dehli.
Jahangir arrested Khusroo.
Aurangzeb captured the Fort of Vagingera.
Muhammad Shah, Mughal emperor, passed away and was succeeded by his son Ahmad Shah.
First telegram was sent between Mumbai and Pune.
Jamshedji Framji Madan ( J. F. Madan ), founder of India’s first Cinema Hall – ‘Elphinstone Palace’ – at Calcutta and Parsi Theatrical Company, was born.
Calcutta University started Women’s Education, and allowed them to appear in the Entrance Examination.
China, as suzerain of Tibet, agreed to the terms of a treaty proposed by Britain. The treaty said that foreign powers might not send representatives to Tibet, receive transportation or mining concessions, or occupy, buy or lease any territory in Tibet without British permission. The British wanted to prevent the Russians from establishing a protectorate over Tibet, which lay on India’s northern border. Lord Curzon, Viceroy of India, failed in attempts to communicate with Tibet’s ruler, the Dalai Lama. A British military expedition fought its way to the capital at Lhasa and concluded the agreement.
Gandhiji attended Viceroy’s War Conference at Delhi and addressed it in Hindustani; subsequently toured Kaira District to raise recruits for army.
Presidential orders were issued on the report of the Committee of Parliament on official Languages which included issues relating to preparation of terminology (Hindi glossaries, Hindi translation of codes and procedural literature, imparting training in Hindi to employees for propagation of Hindi).
A national credit fund for women called the ‘Rashtriya Mahila Kosh’ was set up.
Supreme Court struck down section 309 of the Indian Penal Code(which makes suicide a punishable offence) that violates Article 21.
General Election (11th) of India began.