today in history 3 december

1790

Lord Cornwallis took away the regulation power from Nawab Murshidabad and Sadar Nizamat was removed from Adalat in Calcutta.

1882

Nandalal Bose, the great Indian painter, and master, was born in Bengal.

1884

Dr. Rajendra Prasad, first President of India, was born in Jeradei village of Bihar.

1889

Khudiram Bose, famous revolutionary and freedom fighter of Muzaffarpur Bomb Case, was born at Habibpur village, West Bengal.

1955

In exercise of the powers conferred by the provision in Article 343 (2) of the constitution, orders were issued for the use of Hindi language in addition to the English language for specific purposes of the union.

1970

Rajendra Agriculture University established at Bihar.

1991

Hostilities broke out between India and Pakistan. On the very night that hostilities commenced, with Pakistan bombing, several airfields, IN Ships ‘Rajput’ and ‘Akshay’ were leaving Vishakapatnam harbor when they obtained a sonar contact. They fired several depth charges and proceeded on their mission when there was no further evidence of a submarine’s presence. Thereafter, a loud explosion of rattling windows panes off the Vishakapatnam beach was heard. The Pakistani submarine ‘Ghazi’ (a Tench-class submarine obtained from the USA in 1964) had come to grief.

India recognizes Bangladesh. Indian army marches into Bangladesh and joins hands with Mukti Bahini. Pakistani Army in Bangladesh surrenders to the Indian Commander.

Pakistan took the initiative of striking the airfields both in the East and the West. While the IAF carried out retaliatory air strikes in the West and shot the Pakistan Air Force (PAP) out of the skies.

Indo-Pakistan war begins. On the same day National Emergency was declared by the President of India due to war between both the countries.

Third Pakistani aggression begins with air attacks on airports in the western sector; emergency declared.

1979

Dhyan Chand, the famous master of Hockey and Padma Bhushan awardee, passed away.

1984

3,000 people died and more than 50,000 people were badly affected when they inhaled poisonous toxic gas emission from the Union Carbide plant. This event is better known as “the Bhopal Gas Tragedy”, the biggest industrial disaster that occurred.

1991

Lok Sabha question hour telecast at 7.15 a.m for the first time.

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