Today in History – 8 April

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today in history 8 april

563

Buddhists celebrate the commemoration of the birth of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, who is believed to have lived in India from 563 B.C. to 483 B.C. Actually, the Buddhist tradition, that celebrates his birthday on April 8, originally placed his birth in the 11th century B.C.; and it was not until the modern era that scholars determined that he was more likely born in the sixth century B.C.,  possibly in May rather than April.

1674

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj honoured Hansaji Mohite with the title of ‘Hambirrao’ and appointed him as Chief General of his Army.

1759

British troops chased French out of Masulipatam, India.

1835

Raja Ram Mohan Roy reached England.

1857

Mangal Pandey, the first rebel of Indian mutiny and freedom fighter, was hanged till death at Barrackpore. He struck the first bullet during the time of mutiny against the British Empire.

1894

Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, famous novelist and writer of national song ‘Vande Mataram’, died at the age of 55. Some of his writings are ‘Anandmath’ and ‘Kapal Kundala’.

1919

Gandhiji was arrested on way to Delhi for refusing to comply with order not to enter Punjab; escorted back to Bombay; outbreaks of violence in several towns.

1929

Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw two bombs on the Assembly Hall.

1950

Nehru and Ali Khan sign the Indo-Pakistani Pact.

1985

India filed suit against Union Carbide in New York for Bhopal gas disaster.

1998

India entered into a historical partnership with France with the formal launch of a joint programme for restoring and protecting the Taj Mahal.

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