Today in History – 9 November

1236

Ruknud-din Firuz Shah, son of Emperor Iltutmish, was assassinated.

1841

Edward VII, King of England (1901-10), was born.

1877

Muhammad Iqbal, Urdu poet, was born in Sialkot (now in Pakistan).

1909

The Times reports the failure of Gandhi Government negotiations on Transvaal laws.

1913

Weekly ‘Pratap’ was published from Kanpur which was edited by Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi.

1938

Nazis launch Kristallnacht,  a campaign of terror against Jewish people and their homes and businesses in Germany and Austria. The violence, which continued through November 10 and was later dubbed “Kristallnacht” or “Night of Broken Glass”.

1990

JD expels Gujarat CM Chimanbhai Patel and UP CM Mulayam Singh Yadav from Legislative wings and primary membership of the party.

Vishwanath Pratap Singh resigned from the post of Prime Minister of India after losing the Vote of Confidence moved against him.

1993

Tamil Nadu Assembly urges the Centre to amend Constitution to retain 69% reservation for backward classes.

1999

Prof. Romila Thapar, historian, is elected to the highest British academic honor.

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