Her Majesty Queen Victoria was no longer amused with the Company’s loss of control, and India came directly under the Crown of ‘Princes, Chiefs and People of India’. Britain Government took over administrative powers from East India Company to rule India.
Aga Khan III, Muslim spritual leader, died. He worked for Britian in the WW I & II. He was also responsible in forming the Muslim League.
Ghadar Movement started at San Francisco.
French handed over their territories of Pondicherry, Mahe, Karikal and Yanon to the Government of India.
Indian Government re-organizes the states according to linguistic principles and inaugurates second Five-Year Plan. The states declared were Madhya Pradesh, Punjab by merging Patiala & PEPSU, Mumbai was divided in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka. Union Territories namely Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshdeep Minikai and Amin Divi were approved.
Haryana state was created from Punjab, and Chandigarh was declared as the Union Territory and capital of both Punjab and Haryana.
Lakshdeep Minikai and Amin Divi were renamed as Lakshadweep, and Masker (Mysore) state renamed as Karnataka.
Rajiv Gandhi, 48, who was chosen to succeed his assassinated mother, was sworn in as Prime Minister in New Delhi today. Across the Jamuna River, in a Sikh slum, evidence was found of the enormous political problems the new Prime Minister faced. The bodies of at least 95 Sikhs were discovered. The Indian army had also been ordered into nine other cities. Religious warfare between Sikhs and Hindus had claimed at least 1,000 lives since Indira Gandhi was assassinated. The security guards who killed her were both Sikhs. US Secretary of State George Shultz, who attended the funeral, assured the new Prime Minister of US interest in a “”strong and stable India.”” US-Indian relations had been strained recently because of United States support for Pakistan.