Daud Shah assasinated Mujahid Shah to become the fourth Bahmani Sultan, but himself was murdered by a slave.
Saint Kabir was born.
Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama became the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrived at Calicut on the Malabar Coast.
On May 20, 1506, the great Italian explorer Christopher Columbus died in Valladolid, Spain. Columbus was the first European to explore the Americas since the Vikings set up colonies in Greenland and Newfoundland in the 10th century. He explored the West Indies, South America, and Central America, but died a disappointed man, feeling he had been mistreated by his patron, King Ferdinand of Spain.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj won the fort of Jingi.
Tipu Sultan, tiger of Mysore, was born. He was the son of Hyder Ali and born at Devanhalli village near Bangalore. Hyder Ali named his son after a great Sufi saint namely Tipu Mastan Aulia. Tipu Sultan was a great revolutionary freedom fighter, social reformer, musician and architect.
Malharrao Holkar, founder of Indoor, passed away.
Vishnushastri Chiplunkar, father of modern story writing in Marathi, was born.
The Union Congress passes the Homestead Act, allowing an adult over the age of 21, male or female, to claim 160 acres of land from the public domain. Eligible persons had to cultivate the land and improve it by building a barn or house, and live on the claim for five years, at which time the land became theirs with a $10 filing fee.
On this day in 1873, San Francisco businessman Levi Strauss and Reno, Nevada, tailor Jacob Davis were given a patent to create pants reinforced with metal rivets, marking the birth of one of the world’s most famous garments: blue jeans.
Bahameni Sultan Dawood Shah was assassinated.
Gandhiji founded Satyagraha Ashram (later known as Sabarmati Ashram after the name of the river) at Ahmedabad.
Bipinchandra Ramchandra Pal, a powerful journalist and revolutionary freedom fighter, passed away. He was amongst the trio which was known as “Lal – Bal – Pal” during the freedom struggle. He started a newspaper called “Swaraj” for the Indians in England. He also edited several other newspapers like “Tribune”, “New India”, “Vande Mataram”, “Swaraj”, “Hindu Review”.
The United States conducted the first airborne test of an improved hydrogen bomb, dropping it from a plane over the tiny island of Namu in the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean. The successful test indicated that hydrogen bombs were viable airborne weapons and that the arms race had taken another giant leap forward.
Tanguturi Prakasam, great lawyer, journalist, nationalist, politician, social reformer, leader and former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, passed away at Hyderabad.
P. T. Usha, famous sprinter, was born.
Under the leadership of Commander M. S. Kohli, Indian Trackers concurred Mount Everest. Captain A. S. Chima and Sherpa Nawang Gombu were the first to reach the summit.
Indira Gandhi laid the foundation stone of 2nd Howrah bridge at Calcutta.
Oil production started from Bombay High.
ASLV was launched.
Third developmental launch of ASLV. Stretched Rohini Satellite Series (SROSS-C). Launched by third developmental flight of ASLV-D3. This carried Gamma Ray astronomy and aeronomy payload.