Today in History – 20 May

today in history 20 may

1378

Daud Shah assasinated Mujahid Shah to become the fourth Bahmani Sultan, but himself was murdered by a slave.

1399

Saint Kabir was born.

1498

Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama became the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrived at Calicut on the Malabar Coast.

1506

On May 20, 1506, the great Italian explorer Christopher Columbus died in Valladolid, Spain. Columbus was the first European to explore the Americas since the Vikings set up colonies in Greenland and Newfoundland in the 10th century. He explored the West Indies, South America, and Central America, but died a disappointed man, feeling he had been mistreated by his patron, King Ferdinand of Spain.

1677

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj won the fort of Jingi.

1750

Tipu Sultan, tiger of Mysore, was born. He was the son of Hyder Ali and born at Devanhalli village near Bangalore. Hyder Ali named his son after a great Sufi saint namely Tipu Mastan Aulia. Tipu Sultan was a great revolutionary freedom fighter, social reformer, musician and architect.

1776

Malharrao Holkar, founder of Indoor, passed away.

1850

Vishnushastri Chiplunkar, father of modern story writing in Marathi, was born.

1862

The Union Congress passes the Homestead Act, allowing an adult over the age of 21, male or female, to claim 160 acres of land from the public domain. Eligible persons had to cultivate the land and improve it by building a barn or house, and live on the claim for five years, at which time the land became theirs with a $10 filing fee.

1873

On this day in 1873, San Francisco businessman Levi Strauss and Reno, Nevada, tailor Jacob Davis were given a patent to create  pants reinforced with metal rivets, marking the birth of one of the world’s most famous garments: blue jeans.

1878

Bahameni Sultan Dawood Shah was assassinated.

1915

Gandhiji founded Satyagraha Ashram (later known as Sabarmati Ashram after the name of the river) at Ahmedabad.

1932

Bipinchandra Ramchandra Pal, a powerful journalist and revolutionary freedom fighter, passed away. He was amongst the trio which was known as “Lal – Bal – Pal” during the freedom struggle. He started a newspaper called “Swaraj” for the Indians in England. He also edited several other newspapers like “Tribune”, “New India”, “Vande Mataram”, “Swaraj”, “Hindu Review”.

1956

The United States conducted the first airborne test of an improved hydrogen bomb, dropping it from a plane over the tiny island of Namu in the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean. The successful test indicated that hydrogen bombs were viable airborne weapons and that the arms race had taken another giant leap forward.

1957

Tanguturi Prakasam, great lawyer, journalist, nationalist, politician, social reformer, leader and former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, passed away at Hyderabad.

1964

P. T. Usha, famous sprinter, was born.

1965

Under the leadership of Commander M. S. Kohli, Indian Trackers concurred Mount Everest. Captain A. S. Chima and Sherpa Nawang Gombu were the first to reach the summit.

1972

Indira Gandhi laid the foundation stone of 2nd Howrah bridge at Calcutta.

1976

Oil production started from Bombay High.

1991

ASLV was launched.

1992

Third developmental launch of ASLV. Stretched Rohini Satellite Series (SROSS-C). Launched by third developmental flight of ASLV-D3. This carried Gamma Ray astronomy and aeronomy payload.

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