Constitutional Development in India – From Regulating Act 1773 to Govt. of India Act 1935

    - Advertisement -

    Regulating Act, 1773

    • End of Dual Government.
    • Governor of Bengal to be the Governor- General of British territories of India.
    • Established of Supreme Court in Calcutta

    Pitts Act of 1784

    • This Act gave the British Government a measure of control over the company’s affairs. In fact, the company became a subordinate department of the State.

    Act of 1786

    • Governor General given the power to over-ride the Council and was made the Commander-in-chief also.

    Also Read: The Constitution of India – Drafting and Composition

    Charter Act of 1793

    • Company given monopoly of trade for 20 more years. It laid the foundation of Government by written laws, interpreted by courts.

    Charter Act 1813

    • Company deprived of its trade monopoly in India except in tea and trade with China.

    Charter Act of 1833

    • End of company’s monopoly even in tea and trade with China. Company was asked to close its business at the earliest.
    • Governor General of Bengal to be Governor General of India. (1st Governor General of India was Lord William Bentinck).

    Charter Act 1853

    • The Act renewed the powers of the company and allowed it to retain the possession of Indian territoris in trust of the British crown.
    • Recruitment to Civil Service was based on open annual competition examination (excluding Indian ).

    Government of India Act, 1858

    • Rule of Company in India ended that of the crown began.
    • A post of Secretary of State (a member of the British Cabinet) for India . He was assisted bya 15-member council (called India Council). He was to exercise the powers of the Crown.
    • Secretory of state Governed India through the Governor General.
    • Governor General received the title of Viceroy. He represented Secretory of State and was assisted by an executives Council, which consisted of high officials of the Government.

    Also Read: Constitution of India – Brief Introduction

    Indian Council Act, 1861

    • The executive Council was now to be called Central Legislative Council.

    Indian Council Act, 1892

    • Indians found their way in the provincial Legislative Council.

    Indian Council Act, 1909 or Morley-Minto Reform

    • It envisaged a separate electorate for Muslims.

    Government of India Act, 1919 or Montague-Chelmsford Reforms

    • Dyarchy system introduced in the provinces.
    • The Provincial subjects of administration were to be divided into two categories : Transferred and Reserved .
    • The Transferred subjects were to be administered by the Governor with the aid of ministers responsible to the Legislative Council.
    • The Governor and the Executive Council were to administer the reserved subjects without any responsibility to the legislature.
    • Indian legislature became bicameral for the first time. It actually happened after 1935 Act.

    Government of India Act, 1935

    • Provided for the establishment of all-India Federation consisting of the British Provincially and the Princely States.
    • The joining of Princely States was voluntary and as a result the Federation did not come into existence.
    • Dyarchy was introduce at the Centre (e.g., Department of Foreign Affairs and Defence were reserved for the Governor General).
    • Provincial autonomy replaced Dyarchy in provinces. They were grants separate legal identity. Burma (now Myanmar) separated from India.

    Also Read: 20 Features of Indian Constitution

    - Advertisement -

    Recent Articles

    Current Affairs Daily

    Today's Current Affairs and General Knowledge Current Affairs Daily Digest is a collection of important current...

    Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) of India

    The oldest stock market in Asia, BSE stands for Bombay Stock Exchange and was initially known as "The Native Share and Shock Brokers Association"....

    Transportation in India: India transport sector

    India’s Transport Sector, as it caters to the need of nearly 1.1 billion people, is large and diverse. A smooth and co-ordinated...

    Biography of Mahatma Gandhi – A Journey from Mohandas to Mahatma

    On the evening of 30th January, 1948, at his daily prayer meeting Gandhiji was shot dead by a young man from Pune named Nathuram...

    Early Entrepreneurs of India

    The first cotton mill in Bombay came up in 1854 and it went into production two years later. By 1862, four...

    Related Stories


    1. Why it is silent on historic Poona Pact, 1930, between Dr. B.R. Ambedkar,MMK Gandhi,representing the Congres & Muslim League represented by MA Jinnah. This pact remains out of most syllabi. This is more relevant in today’s perspective.

    Comments are closed.

    Stay on op - Ge the daily news in your inbox