From 29 Labour Laws to 4 Labour Codes

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To reform the outmoded Labour laws and to facilitate the ease of doing 
business in India, the Government of India has consolidated twenty-nine (29) 
central Labour laws into four (4) Labour codes.

Government Upgrading Norms For The Greater Good And Organised Objective

“Driving Synergies, Simplification and Harmonization”

With the new codes, the primary motive is to cover more than 50 Crore 
Workers from Organized, Un-Organized and Self-Employment Sector with a 
humanistic approach, to provide them Social Security, to maintain a cordial 
Industrial Relation through occupational safety and healthy working 
conditions, ensuring financial and employment stability, redefining many 
“terms” to avoid confusion and conflict of interest, to ease conditions of doing 
business, to enhance fines and imprisonment terms for violators of the Code, 
to ensure better compliance and re-designating various enforcement. 

Know More about New Labour Codes

Code on Wages – 2019

  • The Minimum Wages Act, 1948 
  • The Payment of Wages Act, 1936 
  • The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965
  • The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 

Social Security Code – 2020

  • The EPF and M.P. Act, 1952
  • The ESIC Act, 1948
  • The Maternity Benefit Act,1961 
  • The Building and other Construction Workers Cess Act
  • The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 
  • The Employees Exchange (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959 
  • The Cine Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1981 
  • The Unorganized Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008 
  • Employees Compensation Act, 1923 

The Occupational Safety, Health, And Working Conditions Code – 2020

  • Factories Act, 1948
  • Mines Act, 1951 
  • Dock Workers (safety, Health and Welfare Act, 1986) 
  • The Building and other Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1996
  • The Plantations Labor Act, 1951 
  • The Contract Labor (Regulation and Abolition) Act,1970
  • The Inter-State Migrant workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979 
  • The Working Journalist and other News Paper Employees (Conditions of Service and Misc. Provision) Act, 1955 
  • The Working Journalist (Fixation of rates of wages) Act, 1958 
  • The Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961 
  • Sales Promotion Employees (Condition of Service) Act, 1976 
  • The Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966 
  • The Cine Workers and Cinema Theatre Workers Act, 1981

The Industrial Relations Code – 2020 

  • Industrial Employment Standing Order Act 1946
  • Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 
  • Trade Unions Act, 1926


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