India under Governor generals

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Warren Hastings (1772-1785)

  • Add of the dual systems; shifting of the treasury from Murshidabad to Calcutta.
  • The Collection of revenue was taken over by the Company.
  • Zamindars were given judicial powers; establishment of civil and criminal courts in each district.
  • In 1781, he founded the Calcutta Madrasa for the promotion of Islamic studies. This was the first educational institute established by the Company’s government.
  • Warren Hastings tendered his resignation in protest against the Pits India Bill in 1785.

Read Also: Governor Generals and Viceroys of India

Sir John Macpherson, (1785-1786)

  • He held the post temporarily.

Lord Cornwallis (1786-1793)

  • The land was given on permanent basis to the zamindar in 1793, instead of giving it to the highest bidder each year. This system got prosperity to both the Company and zamindar had the cost of the common peasantry.
  • Depriving zamindar of their police functions; establishment of the thanas

Sir John Shore (1793-1798)

  • He followed a policy of non-intervention.

Sir Alfred Clark (1798)

  • He held the post temporarily.

Lord Wellesley, (1798-1805)

  • He is the famous for introducing Subsidiary Alliance system . He opened college to train the Company’s servants in Calcutta. That is why he is also called the Father of the Civil Services in India.

Lord Cornwallis (1805)

Sir George Barlow (1805-1807)

  • An important event was the Mutiny of Vellore in 1806 in which the Indian soldiers killed many English officials.

Must Read: BRITISH RULE-LORD CORNWALLIS (1786-1793)

Lord Minto I (1807-1813)

  • His rule famous for a treaty with Shah of Persia and Treaty of Amritsar (1809) with Ranjit Singh. Recent Sir Charles Metcalfe to the court of Ranjit Singh.

Marquess of Hasting (1813-1823)

  • He was the first to appoint Indians to the highest Ops of responsibility. The first vernacular newspaper Samachar Patrika begin to be published during his time.

John Adam (1823)

Lord Amherst (1823-1828)

  • Has reign is known for the first Anglo-Burmese War (1824-26) and mutiny of Barrackpur (1824).

William Bayley (1818)

Lord William Bentinck (1828-1833)

  • Abolition of provincial courts of appeal and circuit, the power of the magistrate increased, an appointment of Indians as judges, replacement of Persian by vernaculars and Scott language, an introduction of the residuary system, Sardar Diwani Adalat at Allahabad; Codification of Laws.
  • Abolition of sati in 1829. Suppression of thuggee in central India; banning of female infanticide; banning of human sacrifice; reform in the Hindu Law of Inheritance.

Don’t Miss: BRITISH RULE-LORD CHELMSFORD (1916-22)

Sir Charles Metcalfe (1835-36)

  • He held the post temporarily. He removed the restriction on the vernacular press.

Lord Auckland (1836-42)

  • Important events of his regime included the outbreak of first Afghan For and the signing of a Tripartite Treaty among the English, Ranjit Singh and Shah Shuja of Afghanistan.

Lord Ellenborough (1842-1844)

  • His period is known for the end of the first Afghan war, an annexation of Sindh to the British Empire (1843).

William Wilberforce Bird (1844)

Lord Hardinge (1844-1848)

  • The most important event of his featured his First Sikh War (1845-1846).

Also, Read: BRITISH RULE-LORD HARDINGE II (1910-16)

Lord Dalhousie (1848-1856)

  • He was the youngest to hold the office of the Governor General. He is famous for the Doctrine of Lapse . The second Burmese war, 1852, took place because of Lord Dalhousie‘s desire to exclude all European power from Burma. The second Anglo-Sikh War and did Sikh power and Punjab was annexed.
  • Artillery Headquarters moved from Calcutta to Meerut; Army headquarters shifted to Shimla; formation of Gurkha regiments.
  • The First railway line was led from Bombay to Thana, in 1853.
  • Served Charles Woods despatch on Education (1854) recommended the setting up of universities in Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras. In 1853, competitive examination for the Indian Civil Services began.

Lord Canning (1856-1858)

  • Annexation of Avadh; enactment of Hindu Widow Remarriage Bill, 1857; establishment of universities at Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay; the revolt of 1857 who were some of the important events during his post of Governor General.

Have a look at:

BRITISH RULE-LORD IRWIN (1926-31)

BRITISH RULE-LORD READING (1922-26)

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