Parts of the Constitution of India: The constitution of India contains twenty-two parts which include articles from 1 to 395.
Parts of the Constitution
Part – One | From Article 1 to 4
It deals with the territory of India formation of new states, alterations, names of existing states.
Part – Two | From Article 5 to 11
This part of the constitution deals with various rights of citizenship in India.
Part – Three | From Article 12 to 35
It deals with fundamental rights of Indian citizens. [Article 31 – dealing with the right to property was deleted by 44th amendment].
Part – Four | From Article 36 to 51
It deals with Directive Principles of State Policy.
Part – Four – A | Articles 51 A
It was added by 42nd amendment in 1976. It also contains the duties of the citizens.
Part – Five | Articles 52 to 151
It deals with government at the Union Level. It includes duties and functions of Prime Minister, Ministers, President, Attorney General, Parliament – Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, Comptroller and Auditor General.
Part – Six | Articles 152 to 237
Part – Seven | Article 238
It deals with States, was replaced in 1956 by the 7th amendment.
Part – Eight | Article 239 – 241
This Parts of the Constitution deals with Union Territories.
Part – Nine
Consists of two parts:
- Added by 73rd amendment in 1992. It contains a new schedule “Schedule Eleven”. It contains 29 subjects related to Panchayati Raj. They have been given administrative powers.
- Added by 74th amendment in 1992. It contains new schedule “Schedule Twelve”. It contains 18 subjects related to municipalities. They have been given administrative powers.
Part – Ten | Articles 244 and 244-A
It deals with Scheduled and Tribal Areas.
Part – Eleven | Articles 245 to 263
It deals with Union and States.
Part – Twelve | Articles 264 to 300A
It deals with distribution of revenue between Union and States, the appointment of Finance Commission (Article 280), contracts, liabilities etc.
Part – Thirteen | Articles 301 to 307
This Part is related to trade, commerce within the Territory of India.
Part – Fourteen | Articles 308 to 323
It deals with Union Public Service Commission and other Public Service Commissions.
Part – Fourteen – A | Articles 323 A to 323 B
It was added by 42nd amendment in 1976. Deals with administrative tribunals set up by parliament to hear disputes and complaint regarding Union, States or local government employees.
Part – Fifteen | Articles 324 to 329
It deals with elections and also Election Commission.
Part – Sixteen | Articles 330 to 342
It deals with special provisions for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and Anglo-Indian Representation.
Part – Seventeen | Articles 343 to 351
Related to official language
Part – Eighteen | Articles 352 to 360
This Parts of the Constitution deals with emergency provisions.
Part – Nineteen | Articles 361 to 367
Exemption of criminal proceedings for their official acts as President and Governors.
Part – Twenty | Article 368
Deals with Amendment in Constitution
Part – Twenty One | Articles 369 to 392
Article 369 gives temporary powers to the Parliament to make laws for State list.
Article 370 contains temporary provisions of Jammu and Kashmir – Restricts the Parliament to make laws for that State.
Part – Twenty-Two | Article 393 to 395
Concerns the short title, commencement, and repeal of the constitution.