Today in History – 11 April

today in history 11 april


Mu’izzu’d-din Kaiqubad was killed in his bed. He was proved to be an inefficient ruler.


Napoleon Bonaparte, emperor of France and one of the greatest military leaders in history, abdicated the throne, and, as conditioned by  the Treaty of Fontainebleau, was banished to the Mediterranean island of Elba.


Lievens Constantly, Flemish missionary in India, was born.


Iron ropes bridge known as ‘Laxman Jhula’ was constructed over Ganga at Hrishikesh .


Pandit Motilal Nehru renamed ‘Anand Bhuvan’ as ‘Swaraj Bhawan’ and handed it over to the people.


All-India Congress party rejects British offer of dominion status at New Delhi.


Treaty between France and India, transferring the former French settlement of Chandranagar to India, was ratified by the National Assembly, Paris. It was the last formal step in completing the process of sovereignty.


Communist Party of India was divided in two parts. One part came to be known as Communist Party of India [CPI], and its second fragmentation was named as Communist Party of India (Marxist) [CPI(M)]. This division was on ideological differences at the international level.


Apollo 13, the third lunar landing mission, was successfully launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, carrying astronauts James A. Lovell, John L. Swigert, and Fred W. Haise. The spacecraft’s destination was the Fra Mauro highlands of the moon, where the astronauts were to explore the Imbrium Basin and conduct geological experiments.


Soyuz T-11 returns to Earth which carried 3 cosmonauts including the first Indian Sqn. Ldr. Rakesh Sharma, to Salyut 7.


Laxmanrao Madhav Bhide, senior freedom fighter and history expert, passed away.


The DRDO  successfully flight tested AGNI-11 with a range of 2000 km, using solid propellant rocket motors in both stages and rail mobile launcher system from its new launch complex in the Orissa Coast. With this launch the country has reached the point of operationalisation of AGNI-11 as a weapon system. (1-1-2000).


India successfully test-fired the extended range ”Agni-II” missile, bridging a key gap in its minimum nuclear deterrent profile.


Ms. Jhumpa Lahiri, an author of Indian origin, won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction for her debut collection of short stories ‘Interpreter of Maladies’.

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