Guru Nanak Dev, originally known as Nankana Sahib, was born on Baisakhi in a Khatri family in Talwandi Rae Bhoe in Pakistan. Guru Nanak’s birthday has been traditionally celebrated on Katik Poornamashi. Althought the correct birth date has been established as Vaisakh 1 (April 14), it will continue to be celebrated on Katik Poornamashi until such time as it is changed to Vaisakh 1. (Most Sikhs in the present day consider themselves members of a separate religion).
Guru Arjun Dev, Sikh Guru, was born.
Aurangzeb defeated his brother Dara Shukoh to capture the throne of Delhi.
The Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage, the first American society dedicated to the cause of abolition, was founded in Philadelphia on this day in 1775. The society changed its name to the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery and the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage in 1784.
John Wilkes Booth, an actor and Confederate sympathizer, fatally shot President Abraham Lincoln at a play at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C. The attack came only five days after Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his massive army at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, effectively ending the American Civil War.
Dr. Bhimrao Ramji ‘Babasaheb’ Ambedkar, India’s great social reformer, politician, author, architect, lawyer and agitator, was born in Mhow, MP.
P. C. Joshi, famous Leftist leader and thinker, was born.
Gandhiji confessed at Nadiad his “”Himalayan miscalculation”” regarding satyagraha martial law declared in Pun
Blast in ammunition loaded on 1,318 tonned freighter ‘S. S. Fort Stikine’ which was anchored in Victoria Dock at Bombay. The explosion killed 1376 people, wrecking 27 ships and destroying 40,000 tons of food.
Law about Atomic Energy implemented in India.
Three integrated Railway Zones, Northern, North Eastern and Eastern inaugurated.
Sanjiva Reddy, President, flagged off the first electric train in Madras.