Today in History – 31 March

today in history 31 march

1867

Prarthana Samaj was established by Ranade, Bhandarkar and others at Mumbai in 1864.

1871

Gangadhar Balkrishna Deshpande, freedom fighter and loyal Congress leader ‘Lion of Karnataka’, was born.

1889

The Eiffel Tower is dedicated in Paris in a ceremony presided over by Gustave Eiffel, the tower’s designer: and the ceremony was attended by the French Prime Minister Pierre Tirard, a handful of other dignitaries, and 200 construction workers.

1904

British slaughter hundreds of Tibetans.

1913

Foundation stone of ‘Gateway of India’ was laid by Sir George Sydneham Clerk.

1930

Shyamji Krishna Varma, freedom fighter, nationalist and patriot, passed away in Geneva.

1942

During the 2nd World War, Japan was heavily successful in Burma and Andaman which posed a danger to the Indian Security.

1959

Dalai Lama fled China & was granted political asylum in India.

1964

Tram-way service ended in Mumbai (Bombay). This last electric tram left Bori Bunder (CST) for Dadar at 10 p.m., crowds lined the route all the way at that late hour to bid farewell to the common man’s transport medium.

1973

The Mississippi River reaches its peak level in St. Louis during a record 77-day flood. During the extended flood, 33 people died and more than $1 billion in damages were incurred. The roots of the 1973 flood go back to October 1972.

1986

Bombay Telephone Nigam renamed as Mahanagar Telephone Nigam.

1990

Bharat Ratna, India’s highest award, was given to Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (1841-1956) (Posthumous).

1993

Major changes in exim policy announced.

1999

The PIO card, conferring privileges on persons of Indian origin settled abroad, is formally launched.

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