ADVENT OF EUROPEANS
Vasco da Gama was the first Portuguese sailor who discovered as sea route to India via Cape of Good Hope. He arrived at the port of Calicut on May 27, 1498, paved the path for Alfonso de Albuquerque to carve out a Portuguese empire in India. In 1510 he captured Goa from Bijapur sultanate and also established trading centres in Bombay, Malabar coast, San Thome Near madras and Hooghly in Bengal.
The Dutch : They also came in the early seventeenth century but their influence soon vanished.
The French : They reached India in 1670 and established their centres near Madras and at Chandernagore on Hooghly. They also established their naval base in the islands of Bourbon and Mauritius in the Indian Ocean.