**Isaac Newton (December 25, 1642 – March 20, 1727, British):**

Considered as the most influential scientist of the world, Sir Issac Newton, undoubtedly, till the date is the best mathematician who ever lived on the planet earth. His radical theories and innovations will certainly rule the realms of science and mathematics in the coming centuries. Rather than renovating a unique branch of mathematics, he advanced every branch then studied.

**Carl Friedrich Gauss (April 30, 1777 – February 23, 1855, German):**

Carl Friedrich Gauss is considered as the best mathematician Germany has ever had. Sometimes referred to as the “Prince of Mathematicians,” this mega-nerd will be always remembered throughout the existence of mathematics for his vigorous works in differential geometry, number theory, statistics, analysis and other crucial topics. The number of Gauss’ student have bec0me influential mathematicians, such as Friedrich Bessel, Bernhard Riemann, Richard Dedekind, and others.

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**Leonhard Euler (April 15, 1707 – September 18, 1783, Swiss):**

Leonhard Euler was an eminent Swiss mathematician who gained enormous laurels for his significant contributions in infinitesimal calculus and graph theory. Through his widely circulated textbooks, he popularized various notational conventions such as *f(x)* to denote the function *f* applied to the argument *x*, letter to denote the imaginary unit, *e** *for the base of the natural algorithm, Σ for summation, and others.

**Euclid (365 BC – 275 BC, Greek):**

Euclid was an ace of computation, which is counted among one of the best mathematicians of all time. Also known as the “Father of Geometry,” Euclid, in 300 BC, published a mathematical treatise – “Elements,” which revolutionized the field of mathematics by some sensational theories. The geometrical system explained by him in the “Elements” was called as “Geometry” for a long time. However, in the 19th century, a couple of mathematicians changed the term to “Euclidean Geometry.”

**Archimedes (287 BC – 212BC, Greek):**

Considered to be the best mathematician of antiquity, Archimedes of Syracuse is highly regarded in the community of scholars for discovering some crucial mathematical concepts, without which we can’t imagine the functioning of modern mathematics. Archimedes was the person who gave the accurate approximation of Pi, using the method of exhaustion.

**Bernhard Riemann (September 17, 1826 – July 20, 1866, German):**

A bright student of Carl Friedrich Gauss, Bernhard Riemann, emerged as one of the most influential mathematicians of this age. His lasting contributions to differential geometry and analysis have enabled the later foundation of general relativity. His theory “Riemann Surfaces” which is an essential part of the foundation of Topology, is still applied in mathematical physics.

**Joseph Louis Lagrange (January 25, 1736 – April 10, 1813, Sardinian, French):**

In the list of best mathematicians throughout the history, the name of J. L. Lagrange is taken with uttermost respect. He made salient contributions to all fields of analysis, analytical mechanics, number theory, as well as classical and celestial mechanics. For more than 20 years, he was the director of mathematics at the Prussian Academy of Sciences, where he produced a large body of work in the field of mathematics.

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**Alan Turing (June 23, 1912 – June 7, 1954, British):**

Best known for being the father of computer science and artificial intelligence, Alan Turing was the man who germinated the concepts of an algorithm as well as developed the mechanism of computation with the Turing Machine. Because of carrying thorough knowledge in the field of cryptanalysis, he was appointed in the British code-breaking centre during the World War 2 to break German ciphers.

**Gottfried Leibniz (July 1, 1646 – November 14, 1716, German):**

Gottfried Leibniz is counted among some of the best mathematicians who, by his, innovative ideas, changed the contemporary panorama of mathematics. He is honoured for developing the Leibniz’s mathematical notation, infinitesimal calculus (along with Sir Issac Newton), symbolic logic and for restructuring the binary number system which is the foundation of all digital computers.

**Leonardo Pisano Bigollo (1170 – 1250, Italian):**

Best known by his nickname – “Fibonacci,” this legendary and the most intelligent western mathematician of the Middle Ages is widely esteemed for his in-depth work on the Fibonacci numbers. In the early 13th century, he wrote a book on mathematics – Liber Abaci, which is famous for popularizing the Hindu-Arabic numeral system in Europe.

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